Rules for dressing rabbit skins
Breeding rabbits is a pretty lucrative affair. These animals are highly regarded not only among gourmets for the excellent taste of meat, but also are a source of quality fur. Dressing rabbit skins is an important step in the preparation of raw materials for further processing.
Self-dressing rabbit skins
It is far from always possible to find a specialist in pre-breeding, moreover, such a service is worth a lot, so many farmers are wondering how to make a rabbit skin at home themselves.
The process of obtaining fur raw materials
In order to be able to maximize the use of products obtained after slaughtering rabbits, the skin must be properly removed. Most often, to obtain high-quality fur, rocks of a certain direction with a thick long pile are used: chinchilla, white giant, etc.
Young rabbits 6-8 months old are best suited for producing high-quality skins. Individuals must reach a weight of 3 to 5 kg. Slaughter is planned at the end of the molting season, when rabbits have completely changed their old hairline. The season falls on the period from November to March.
The duration of the molting process will depend on the breed characteristics and the correctness of the content, so it is important to know how to determine the end of the molting season visually. When the process of dropping wool has not yet ended, under the main cover of hair the undercoat is visible, and the long hairs themselves are easily pulled out. It is very important to properly process the carcass during the flaking process in order to obtain quality material.
Often skin is removed by the method of stocking, for which a slaughtered rabbit is tied upside down to a stick and fresh, starting from the tail and moving to the head. Initially, incisions are made in the articular parts. After cutting off the tail, ears, legs, then begin to pull the skin down. Do not stretch the skin too much, otherwise part of the fur will crumble.
All raw materials are laid out in piles, sorting the skins by size. Each pile is weighed. Such sorting is necessary in order to accurately calculate in what proportions the chemicals should be mixed. Dressing the skin of a wild hare will be carried out on the same principle as a domestic rabbit.
Features of fur raw materials
The rabbit and hare bakhtarm has such structural features that create a lot of interference in processing the skin, so the process of skinning takes so much time. Rabbit core is essentially a series of films of dense structure, firmly connected to each other. It is simply impossible to separate them during primary processing by scraping. At the first stage, it will be possible to remove only the remains of flesh and fat.
Before you make rabbit skins with your own hands, you need to learn more about the structural features of the skin of the animal, prepare the appropriate equipment and antiseptic mixtures for processing.
It is important to remember that the skins are pressed during soaking by hands in the direction of hair growth and in no case by twisting. Twisting will cause damage to the hairs and rupture of the skin.
First stage of processing
Dressing rabbit skins at home will require special care. Follow the rules and instructions steadily. In advance, you should prepare:
- chemical substances;
- well sharpened knives.
Few people immediately manage to do everything perfectly precisely and get the right skin. At the initial stage of processing, immediately after slaughtering the animal, the skin is attached to a wooden board and the remaining flesh and fat are cleaned off. The blade must always be kept at an angle of 90 ° with respect to the material for stretching and move from the bottom to the head.
It is permissible to remove the remnants of the flesh manually, collecting them in layers in a circular manner. It is important to carry out all the manipulations when the skin has not cooled down: if it dries, scraping off the remaining flesh will be many times more difficult.
Stages of processing rabbit skins
If the plans do not include dressing of rabbit skins immediately, it is necessary to preserve them, and then pull them on specially prepared rules - A-shaped wooden boards. The horizontal bar should be removable and easy to move. The bottom of the skin must be tucked in, otherwise it will turn up, and the fur will come out in this place. It is strictly forbidden to leave the raw material uncracked even for one day, otherwise it will mate and rot. Storage in the cold will also negatively affect the quality of the raw materials.
After the skin is pulled over the rule, it is placed in a well-ventilated place. The temperature regime in the room should be 30 ° C. At elevated temperatures, the raw materials will dry too much and become brittle, lower temperatures will provoke mold.
Dressed rabbit skins do not need to be stored for a long time so that they are not eaten by moths. If, for the manufacture of a large product, many skins are required, they are stored in a hermetically sealed box with special herbal formulations of moths in a well-ventilated area.
Dressing rabbit skins goes through several stages. All actions must be performed in the appropriate sequence. Crafted rabbit skins are placed in a chemical solution for soaking. 30 g of borax, 2 g of carbolic acid and 50 g of sodium chloride are added to 1 liter of water. You can use furatsilinom.
Soak the skins in glass or enamel containers. So that the raw materials do not float up, a weight is put on it. The skins should be covered with 2 fingers water. For complete antiseptic treatment, it is necessary to mix the raw materials regularly. The whole process can take from 6 hours to 4 days.
To process recently canned skins is much faster than those that were improperly cleaned or dried too much. There are 2 parameters by which you can determine that the soaking process is completed successfully:
- the hairline is tightly held in the skin;
- The hem is elastic and lends itself well to mechanical stress anywhere.
After the skins have undergone antiseptic processing, they must be carefully wrung out. Now you can proceed to the stage of mesentery - removal of the inner layers of the dermis and its loosening, to ensure a more thorough treatment with antiseptics in the future. From the inner surface with a sharp knife they clean off the remnants of flesh and fat.
After the part of the inner layer of the dermis is removed, the remaining mezra is broken from the tail to the blunt side of the knife. At this stage, you should do your work very carefully. Having overdone it too much, it is possible to expose the rhizomes of the hair follicles on the inside or insufficiently carefully carry out the treatment. In the video you can see the whole process in detail.
After the cleaning step, the rabbit skin should be thoroughly washed and degreased. For degreasing, washing powder is used: 4 g per 1 liter of water. After washing, the mezdra should creak under the fingers and acquire a white tint. Then the skins are rinsed in clean water, after which they are placed in a soapy solution. The skins are taken out of the soap solution and rinsed again.
Dressing rabbit skins at home includes the process of strengthening - pickling. This is necessary so that after sewing things for a long time remain in their original form and do not break. For this, processing with a special acid-containing solution is necessary: 30 grams of sodium chloride and 15 ml of vinegar essence per 1 liter of liquid.
The skins must be placed in the solution up with mazra and stirred regularly. Processing will take at least 4 hours, a maximum of a couple of days. It is better to take out the raw material a little earlier than to overexpose it. It is possible to determine that the process was successful by taking out the skin and bending it. If a white streak appears at the bend and does not disappear after five seconds, then the material is ready for the next step.
When the treatment is completed, the inner layer easily lags, and hairs are easily plucked from the groin area. At the end of the process, the raw materials are taken out and stacked in fur outwards. Weighting materials are placed on top of the piles, this stage is called creeping. Under the load the skins should lie 12-24 hours.
The technology for the production of rabbit skins in the future involves strengthening with decoctions of the bark of a tree. Such manipulation allows you to make the raw materials more elastic and resilient. The ideal option is to use willow bark or vetles. The broth is boiled for half an hour, then 40 g of salt is placed in it per 1 liter of liquid.
It is worth remembering that a decoction from the bark paints the mezra in cream color, light fur can also be painted, so it is advisable to apply the liquid with a brush only to the inside of the skin, and not soak it whole.
So that the raw material is well saturated, it is left for another day, after which it is dried on a rule, periodically stretching in different directions. When the raw material becomes velvety to the touch, but still slightly moist, the inside is treated with sandpaper to achieve the necessary degree of softness.
Next, the rabbit skin is subject to fat. This process aims to give the material greater ductility. To do this, make a mixture of chicken yolk and glycerin. The ingredients are mixed in equal proportions.
Rabbit skin must be stored in a hermetically sealed box
The mixture for the fatliquor is applied with a brush to the inside and left to lie down. After a few hours, the raw materials are kneaded, and the dermis is treated with chalk to remove excess fat. This stage is final. At the end of all work, each skin is placed in a linen bag and put in a hermetically sealed box. It is strictly forbidden to store skins in plastic bags.
Very often the question for rabbit breeders is where to find a person who can easily easily remove rabbit skins. However, such services are not cheap at all, and today there are not so many people who are well versed in this matter. The ideal option is to learn how to repair fur material with your own hands. This will save money and time and, moreover, will allow you to start your own business by eliminating skins. Having established the sale of fur material, you can make some good money.
Of course, not everyone will be able to complete the entire procedure perfectly right the first time. But, after reading all the material and watching the corresponding videos on this topic, everything will start to turn out over time. It is necessary to prepare the necessary materials in advance, sharpen the knives and prepare the appropriate room in which the mowing will be carried out.