Rocky Horse Description
The horse became a helper of man in ancient times. The animal was used as a traction force or as a means of transportation. Since then, many breeds have been subjected to selection to improve certain qualities. To the species that scientists managed to bring out not so long ago, the horse of the rocky mountains is ranked.
Rocky Mountain Horse Characterization
This breed became known to man in the middle of the 20th century, and only by 1986 received a studbook. The rocky mountain horse has unique gait abilities and a complaisant character. The exterior of the animal is very unusual due to the impurities of other breeds.
Origin and area of breed
The progenitor of a rocky mountain breed is a horse that came to Kentucky from the highlands of Apallache. The descendants of this horse were distinguished by increased endurance, shortness and unusual color. In addition, these stallions are unpretentious in maintenance.
The rocky mountain horse studbook appeared only in 1986, after which professional breeders took up breeding of this breed. The number of horses currently totals 3, 000 individuals.
Rocky Mountain Horse Origin
This type of horses is quite rare among horse breeders due to the small number of stallions in nature. Mostly the horses of the rocky mountains are bred in America, while in Europe this species is practically nonexistent.
The horses are used on farms and for grazing cows. Due to its physiology, the horses of the rocky mountains are able to reach speeds of up to 20 km / h and maintain it for a long time.
There are several types of markers in horses of the rocky mountains, which depend on the influence of a particular breed during selection:
- The D-deké gene is characteristic of Spanish-looking horses that live in southern America. Many American horses have a similar gene in their bodies.
- The GPI-F gene has been transmitted to a breed of rocky horses from North American horses. This gene is responsible for the quality of the gait in animals. Some representatives of Spanish horses and heavyweights also have a similar feature of the breed.
- Gene Tf (Fr3) É horses acquired from the Spanish breed.
Also, representatives of this species have a deviation from the norm in the structure of the organs of vision. This is affected by the presence of the ASD gene in the body. In order for a foal to be born healthy, it is necessary to exclude among horses the horses with silver color.
The horse of the rocky mountains became the ancestor of such species of artiodactyls as Mautin Plege and Kuntukk horse. Over time, these breeds acquired their standards for the exterior and even got studentbooks. The differences between the representatives of these species of horses are insignificant.
According to the breeding standards that are indicated in the studbook, a pair of horses for mating must be in a student book. Otherwise, foals from one unknown parent are not recorded in the stud book of the breed. However, other branches do not have such strict dilution conditions. Kentucky horses are included in the studentbook, even with unclean parents.
This is due to the small number of horses. The horses are crossed with other breeds to avoid inbreeding and genetic diseases.
Rocky Mountain Horse Exterior
This breed has standards that must be strictly adhered to. Despite the small number of horses, breeders try to cross only horses that meet the established criteria. Rejected horses are not allowed for breeding.
Rocky Mountain Horse Appearance
The rocky mountain exterior looks like this:
- The growth of the animal varies from 1.40 to 1.60 m. This criterion must be strictly observed, since larger breeds are considered marriage.
- A horse’s body constitution should be compact. The chest is wide, and the shoulder blades are located at an angle of 45 °. The neck of the stallions is proportional to the body, the back is even and ends with a strong croup.
- The legs of the animal have mild knee joints. The hooves are small, with a firmly horny plate.
- The muzzle of the animal is embossed, small in size. Expressive eyes, nostrils well developed. The ears of the mount are set high at right angles.
- The mane and tail of the animal are even, the stallions have bangs.
A characteristic suit for the representatives of this breed is bay, bulan or black. The mane and tail in this case often have light colors. The first rocky mountain horse had a chocolate color with a snow-white mane and tail. Now such a combination is considered a rarity.
Also, the body structure of animals allows them to move with an unusual kind of gait, which is called four-stroke.
Rocky Mountain Horse Character
Representatives of this breed are inherent in such qualities as:
Most often, rocky mountain horses are used for horseback riding training. The stallion listens well to commands and is not prone to outbreaks of aggression. A peaceful disposition is considered a striking sign of the breed, rebellious horses are not allowed to mating.
The horse of the rocky mountains is valued primarily as a means of transportation.
This is facilitated by the feature of the constitution of the body, which will allow the animal to move amble. A similar type of gait is also called slow gait. Unlike the run of ordinary breeds, in which the horse rearranges his legs alternately, during a four-stroke allure, the stallion simultaneously rearranges the left and right limbs.
For the development of the amble, the horse does not need long-term training. A four-stroke allure is embedded in the rock at the gene level. This type of ride can be developed through long-term training for breeds such as the American horseback or the Tennessee, but this skill is given at birth to the rocky mountains at birth and does not require adjustment.
Rocky horse is valued as a means of transportation
When using the amble, a rocky mountain horse can reach speeds of 7 to 20 miles per hour. Due to the endurance of the horses, they used to be often used for long trips. Some farmers can now graze large herds of cows using rocky mountains.
Containment and diet
For stallions of this species does not require special care.
The horses of the rocky mountains are very unpretentious and can easily live in a stall of 4 square meters. m. However, it is important to monitor the cleanliness in the stable and the temperature level. The litter must be changed several times a week and the stall washed daily. In this case, the horse will remain healthy and strong.
The diet of stallions is also not very diverse. When knocking, an animal should eat the following types of food:
- hay or fresh grass;
- succulent feed;
- vitamins and mineral supplements.
However, the drinker should always be full and the water clean. Stallions of this breed drink a lot, and dehydration can lead to the death of the animal.
So, a horse from the rocky mountains is distinguished by high endurance and complaisant character. A characteristic feature of the animal is a four-stroke allure and unusual color. The breed was bred in the middle of the last century and has about 3, 000 horses. Scientists continue to work on this species in order to improve the stallion's riding characteristics.