Reproduction of Zamioculcas - how to carry out the procedure at home

Zamioculcas - an exotic flower, a native of faraway Africa. Caring for a plant at home does not cause any particular difficulties, but reproduction can become problematic if a number of conditions are not met. It matters both time and method and technology - it is important to do everything right.

Reproduction of Zamioculcas - how to carry out the procedure at home

Breeding rules

It is better to start in early spring - in March-April.

By this time, the dollar tree is already coming out of hibernation, the buds are swollen, the beginnings of new leaves appeared.

The heating season in apartments is not over yet, which means that the conditions are just right for the successful propagation of a flower.

Humidity should be 40-50% or less. The temperature is needed not lower than +20 ° С.

Even if the flowerpot is next to the battery, the cuttings will take root perfectly.

Ways

Zomioculcas multiplies in several ways, each of them has features. Some make it possible to immediately get a full-fledged bush, and after others an adult plant will have to wait several years.

Cuttings

Cuttings are cut from a large branch of Zamioculcus. It should be fully formed, with the same dark green leaves.

If at the end of the branch the leaves are light green, smaller than the rest, it is not suitable, because it has not accumulated enough nutrients.

Stages:

  • A long shoot is cut into separate pieces with two paired sheets in each (as well as 4-6 sheets in each). From one branch they turn out at least 10.
  • The cuttings are laid out on a newspaper and allowed to dry until milky juice ceases to stand out from the cut. Then they are dipped into the Korenvin for an hour.
  • Prepare a nutrient substrate in advance. It should be light, with good air exchange. A mixture of perlite and vermiculite in equal proportions is perfectly suitable for these purposes. Some mix vermiculite, perlite, coarse sand, polystyrene, and soil.

Attention! Do not use peat as a substrate. In it, the plant will not be able to take root and die.

Cuttings are placed in a container with a substrate, to a depth of 2-3 cm, then you need to cover it with a jar on top or build a hotbed. Do not water! Only after 3-4 days, the earth around the stem is lightly sprayed from the spray gun.

Start full-fledged watering not earlier than after 2 weeks. Rooted cuttings 2-3 months (in a greenhouse a little faster).

Leaf propagation

Small leaves are separated from a long branch, make cuts in the petiole area, put them to dry. Then dipped in "Kornevin" and placed in a substrate.

If a greenhouse is not necessary for cuttings, then for rooting the leaves it must be organized. Suitable as an ordinary can, and film shelters.

Containers with sheets put in a warm, bright place. The temperature should not be lower than +25 ° С. Watering the cuttings is not necessary - it is better to spray the ground.

Watering is permissible only after 2 weeks. But only with warm, protected water and a little bit. Zamioculcas does not tolerate overflow, especially its young shoots.

Tuber division

You can divide the tuber only in an adult flower

This is not a simple bush planting, but the division of one tuber into several. In an adult Zamioculcus, tubers grow to large sizes. On one "bulb" you can find 2-3 growth points - living healthy kidneys.

If you cut the tuber into parts so that these kidneys are divided, several independent bushes are formed.

In this way, only adult (from 3 years) bushes, healthy and strong, will be propagated.

It is better to start the separation in the early spring, when the flower has already woken up and is ready for active growth. Stages:

  • They take it out of the pot completely, shake it off the ground.
  • The largest tubers are laid aside, the rest are returned back to the same container (if the task is not to plant the entire bush).
  • A sharp clean knife cut the tuber between the kidneys.
  • The cut site is dipped in fungicide, sprinkled with activated charcoal and placed in a substrate. It should completely cover the tuber. If there are healthy leaves, they are left without cutting.

It is not necessary to form a greenhouse - in a warm place the tuber will grow without problems. In a few months, new leaflets should appear.

Seeds

This is the most time-consuming method of reproduction, but very exciting. The first problem that the florist is faced with, where to get high-quality planting material?

The seeds of home zamiokulkasa under normal apartment conditions do not ripen completely. They are unlikely to rise even if all the required conditions are met. Therefore, it is better to buy from them in nurseries and greenhouses from experienced specialists.

Stages:

  • Seeds are soaked in a growth biostimulator (Previkur Energy, Epin Extra, Ekosil) for 2-3 hours.
  • Then plated on a substrate consisting of vermiculite, perlite and coarse sand.
  • From above, the container is covered with glass or film and placed under the lamp. It is better to use a conventional incandescent lamp - it gives both light and heat at the same time.

The temperature should be between + 25-29 ° С. Under these conditions, seedlings will appear in 10-14 days. Glass should not be removed immediately - you need to accustom the sprouts to room temperature gradually. Only after the appearance of 4 leaves can you start to remove the greenhouse.

Attention! It is imperative to remove condensate from the glass! On hot days, air the greenhouse for 10-15 minutes.

Rooting cuttings in water

After separating the small leaves from the branch, you can try to root them in water. Previously, each sheet is processed in the preparations:

  • Kornevin;
  • Heteroauxin;
  • Zircon.

The leaf is placed in a small container with water at the very bottom so that the petiole barely touches moisture. If there is a lot of water, the leaf will simply rot.

Some gardeners advise lifting the leaf above the water and fixing it so that the roots themselves are drawn to moisture. It is believed that this way roots will appear faster, and the risk of leaf decay will also be excluded.

Follow-up care

Seedlings need to be well looked after

After rooting the planting material, it is important to properly care for it so that the seedlings gain strength and begin to grow actively. It depends on conditions and care whether the flower will survive. Experienced growers know the basic secrets of care.

Watering

The first time after planting, seedlings do not water, but irrigate the earth around the trunk. This is especially important for seedlings. They are very delicate and easily rot at the slightest fill.

  • Seedlings propagated by dividing the bush, you can start to water in a week.
  • The rooted leaves do not water the first month, but spray the ground around.
  • Cuttings can be watered after 3 weeks with a little warm water.

For young flowers, the watering regime depends on the size of their root system. Zamioculcas does not tolerate excess moisture and reacts sharply to overflow.

Lighting

A dollar tree loves bright light, but young shoots from the direct sun need to be shaded. Their delicate foliage is prone to burns. Ideal would be the placement of flowerpots on the southeast or south windows.

The sprouts are drawn to the light, so they need to be rotated periodically, if the light will fall only on one side, the flower will stretch out and become disproportionate, one-sided.

However, you cannot change the location of young plants. Even “relocation” to another room can become a great stress for them.

Top dressing

Young sprouts for the first 3 months do not fertilize. Later, fertilizing for cacti and succulents is made in liquid form (under the root) 2 times a month.

The best ready-made complexes suitable for zamioculcas are:

  1. Biopon;
  2. Good power;
  3. Activin;
  4. Reasil;
  5. Fertis.

Temperature and humidity

After rooting, the sprouts need warmth. The temperature should not fall below +25 ° C. Otherwise, their growth will slow down, and immunity will decrease.

Humidity should not be high - 40-50% is enough. However, sometimes sprouts need to have a cool “shower” by spraying them from a spray bottle.

High humidity weakens zamioculcas. In cloudy weather, it should not be additionally watered or sprayed. The first year you need to protect the flower from rot, affecting both the upper part of the plant, and its not yet strong roots.

Young shoots of zomioculcas are not afraid of drafts. On the contrary, fresh air is good for them.

Even recently rooted cuttings are exposed in front of an open window - the plant will feel comfortable in the conditions of warm sunny weather. Of course, if it’s cold outside, you should not ventilate the seedlings.

Pruning and transplanting

The plant is sheared if they want to give the bush a certain shape or a dense crown.

Damaged or dried branches should also be removed. Especially if the cause is a disease.

Transplant time depends on the age of the plant

Young Zamioculcas is transplanted once a year, an adult - every 2-3 years.

Technology:

  • The pot is chosen 2-3 cm larger in diameter than the previous one.
  • At the bottom lay out large drainage (clay shards, expanded clay). Then a smaller baking powder (vermiculite, gravel). The next layer is soil mixed with polystyrene and perlite.
  • The plant is removed from the pot and simply transferred to a new container as a whole. The roots do not shake or separate.

Such a transplant is the least traumatic for a flower.

How to plant Zamioculcas

As the tubers grow, they interfere with each other, the plant stops growing, withers and may even die.

When the bush grows, it needs to be planted at least once every 3-4 years.

Technology: the plant is completely removed from the pot, the earth is shaken off, then the roots are washed off with warm water. Inspect the tubers, carefully separate them. The tubers are left intact and intact.

The smallest tubers can be collected and planted in a single pot of smaller volume. Placing them in separate containers is not too convenient - it takes a lot of packaging and a collective place in the house. In addition, they will be more likely to survive, because individually they have not yet accumulated enough nutrients.

Possible problems

After the plant was able to propagate, gardeners often encounter problems associated with the further growth and development of young seedlings. Some of them are easy to solve, and some require special attention and intervention of specialists.

Stunt growth

Zamioculcas is characterized by very slow growth. But it happens that after the rooting of cuttings or separation of tubers, the plant stops growing completely.

Do not immediately overfeed it with fertilizers or try to water more. It will only get worse. Most likely, the flower takes time to get comfortable in the home microclimate and grow.

Leaf burns

An adult Zamioculcas needs a lot of light, but it is better to shade young specimens from open rays.

Under the direct sun, the foliage starts to hurt, burns appear, the plant withers and disappears.

Overflow

The dollar tree does not tolerate excess moisture, so watering should be very moderate. This is especially true of the dormant period of the plant (October-March).

If watering is frequent and is supplemented by irrigation on the leaf, then the plant begins to rot - the leaves darken and fall off.

If an adult bush can still cope with rotting, having grown new roots instead of those who have decayed, then the young bush will die immediately.

To summarize

Reproduction of Zamioculcas is a fascinating and not too complicated process. The main thing is to follow the basic rules and observe the conditions for caring for young plants.

From one adult bush you can get a lot of material for planting and rooting.

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