Quail manure fertilizer
All owners of cottages and country houses know that in order to get a good harvest from the garden, it is necessary to regularly fertilize plants with fertilizers. Gardeners find minerals of organic origin useful for growth and productivity in a pigeon or quail droppings. In addition, such a fertilizer from fresh quail droppings can be obtained by a person for free if he contains such birds at home. It remains only to find out to what extent the quail droppings are used as fertilizers and how to use it rationally.
Quail droppings as fertilizer
The value of organic fertilizer
Quail litter is highly valued by gardeners because of their richness in minerals that are especially beneficial to plants. Cow dung or litter of any other bird has a more modest composition. So, even nitrogen and phosphorus in them are several times less compared to quail droppings. Many gardeners also note that the use of quail fertilizer is perceived by the root system of fruit plants better than with other organics. And its beneficial effect has its positive effect for 36 months. No organic fertilizer in the world has such characteristics.
Quail litter, in addition to its positive aspects, also has disadvantages. One of them is the content of uric acid in the fertilizer. In a certain concentration, such a substance adversely affects the root system of plants. In addition, improper use of quail droppings can destroy the plant. In some cases, it leaves burns, but most often leads to poisoning, so many gardeners, before applying the quail litter, betray it for processing, uphold and dilute it with other substances useful to the vegetation.
Features of litter processing
Plant nutrition plays an important role in obtaining a good harvest. But in order for the litter from domestic quail not to destroy the plants due to the contained uric acid, it is necessary to process it. Processing quail manure is its overexposure. This procedure has its own characteristics, which should be known to everyone who decided to do this.
The most effective overexposure method is composting. Quail droppings containing urea should be left to stand for several months to reduce their level to safe. Using a fresh product will not bring the desired effect, but only harm the plants. At home, the processing of quail litter occurs as follows:
- Prepare a large-capacity container (barrel, metal tank, etc.).
- Pour liquid quail droppings.
- To fill up a layer of sawdust or straw.
By proportion, the loaded compost from fresh quail droppings should contain only 40-45% of manure and 55-60% of additives. Straw and sawdust absorb urea, become wet. Wet additives during decantation completely rot, which leads to the evaporation of urea. Processing of fresh quail droppings also allows you to rid the rotting masses of harmful parasites during settling. For 2-3 months, a person can get a clean, ready-to-use product in the form of organic fertilizer.
Each gardener uses quail droppings as a quality nourishment to fruit plants in order to obtain a good harvest in the summer season. The soil receives the necessary minerals, which leads to increased growth of seedlings. We must not forget that feeding itself also requires certain knowledge in this area. Compost should be used for its intended purpose only in autumn, so that the quail droppings are well absorbed into the ground before the cold. It is forbidden to make compost in the spring: such actions can lead to disruption of the vegetation and ripening of the fruits themselves.
The quail droppings placed in compost barrels are used only as fresh fertilizer. But, if there is no time to wait, manure should be diluted with water and let it brew for several days. The resulting substance is called top dressing. The use of such a tool allows you to enrich the soil and the plants themselves with useful substances in the summer. You should know how to feed and what proportions of water and quail droppings will be safe for vegetation.
Experienced gardeners recommend preparing food from quail droppings a week before using it. To do this, you need to use a regular bucket with a lid, in which quail manure (0.5 l) is placed and water (10 l) is poured. The resulting substance should be thoroughly mixed and covered. In a week, the fertilizer from the quail droppings will be ready. It should be used instead of watering.
Fresh or dry?
Before fertilizing quail fruit plants, you must know that this product can be used in dry form. Fresh litter contains:
- 1.5-2% nitrogen;
- 1.5% phosphorus;
- 0.7-1% potassium.
After heat treatment, the product becomes even more saturated with useful substances:
- 5% nitrogen;
- 3-4% phosphorus;
- up to 2.5% potassium.
It is very difficult to produce such an increase in the indicators of useful substances for plants independently. This is due to the processing of the product at high temperatures. On an industrial scale, drying takes place in specialized cabinets at a temperature of 700-800 ° C. In households, such equipment is not used. It is more advisable to buy a ready-made product in a specialized store in the form of a powder.
A dry product has a more saturated composition with useful elements. Even after heat treatment, the litter does not lose its properties and becomes even more effective. This difference in performance determines a higher demand for industrial products. In addition, fresh litter is used after a long processing, while dry litter has a smaller list of requirements.
What summer residents say
Quail droppings follow a large variety of organic fertilizers in recent decades has become less popular than it was before.
This is due not to the poor qualities of the product itself, but to the fact that specialized top dressings have appeared on the market that do not require lengthy processing. But why buy something new if a quail herd is grown on the infield? In addition, for gardening purposes, manure is suitable no worse than specialized means.
There are also certain rules governing the proper use of quail litter in order to obtain the highest possible yield from vegetable crops. The owner of the garden should:
- Apply quail litter for white cabbage at the rate of 2 kg / sq. m
- Use manure for pumpkin and tomatoes of 3-4 kg / sq. m
- Fertilize root crops at 2-2.5 kg / sq. m
- Apply 2-2.5 kg / sq. m. substances for onions, garlic and herbs.
Experienced gardeners noticed that quail litter as a fertilizer has some features that are manifested differently in the frequency of its use. So, in 1 year, manure is similar to other fertilizers, but in the next 2-3, you can notice a significant increase in the number of crops. We must not forget that the litter of quail can be different. It depends on the quality of bird feed, their health, age and even breed.
Every farmer knows that quail litter as a fertilizer has good indicators of the benefits spent on it.
That is, how many kilograms of grain or other food a person spends on feeding quails, he will receive the same amount of desired product. A ratio of 1 to 1 allows you to use manure for your own purposes for free, since this product is no longer suitable for any purpose.
Panacea or not
Quail breeders have white litter is one of the most popular types of organic fertilizers. But can it be used for all fruits and vegetables? The product, which is so popular among private farm owners, has a low potassium content, and some crops need it more than others. Potatoes are one of them. It is inefficient to use the pure form of a quail product without additives and impurities for fertilizers, which is why many gardeners add potassium chloride or ash to it.
The use of such fertilizers can also cause some difficulties in the quality and quantity of the crop. To understand the essence of the problem itself, you need to know the composition of the fresh product, as well as information about what reactions occur with it during composting. According to experts, a large concentration of nitrogen beneficial for plants is contained in urea harmful to them. The use of composts and their infusion leads to a partial loss of nutrients. In addition, insufficient processing of manure harms the plant, kills it and poisons the fruits, saturating them with nitrates.
Fertilizer of indoor plants
Some house growers are often interested in the question of how to fertilize indoor vegetation with quail droppings. Growing fruit plants in homes and apartments is a rarity. Most often, the main activity focuses on the content of flowers in pots. It is impractical to add litter to the soil, mixing it with a small amount of land. Most often, small doses of fertilizer are placed on top of the soil, and nutrients get to the roots of the flowers at each watering.
We must not forget that a large dose of fertilizers can adversely affect the condition of plants. Experts advise to pour no more than half 1 tsp. in one capacity. Equally important is the location of the compost. It should be placed at a safe distance from the stem so that the product does not leave burns on it.