Purple carrots

Purple carrots have a complex of nutrients, suitable for inclusion in the diet of each person.

Purple carrots

Characteristic

Purple carrots belong to the Umbrella family, a subspecies of Daucus carota subsp. Sativus. Since the century before last, it has been considered an excellent cure for a number of diseases. Vegetable is characterized by low productivity, good germination, resistance to diseases and pests.

Purple carrots are widely used in cooking, characterized by a useful composition.

Grade description

Purple carrots are a two-year-old herb. When choosing seeds, it is useful to consider the following signs:

  • storage;
  • terms of use;
  • marketable condition.

According to the description, varieties of purple carrots are of high nutritional value, healing properties.

Purple carrot is a two year old herb

Types of culture

Types of purple carrots are grown in different parts of the country. The most popular of them:

  • Purple haze f1. This is an early hybrid of dark purple, orange inside. The growing season is 70 days. The variety is resistant to disease. Fruits reach 30 cm in length.
  • Dragon The fruits are sweet, they contain vitamins of group A, beta-carotene. They are bright purple, orange inside.
  • Rainbow mix. The fruits of the variety come in both orange and purple colors, cylindrical in shape, grow up to 18 cm.
  • Purple dragon. The variety has a sweet taste. The inside is orange-yellow, the outside is purple-red. The length of the fruit reaches 25 cm.
  • Cosmic Purpule. A hybrid variety with fast ripening speed, outwardly bright purple, inside - orange. The fruits are sweet, grow up to 20 cm.

Bush description

The purple vegetable has a strong root crop and feathery leaves.

Fruit Description

The color of the fruit is a different purple hue, depending on the species. Their length is 20-30 cm.

Short ripen faster than long ones; the depth of the soil affects the development of root crops.

Fruit content

The composition of the vegetable is rich in minerals, 100 g contains:

  • magnesium - 38 mg;
  • chlorine - 63 mg;
  • calcium - 27 mg;
  • sodium - 21 mg;
  • sulfur - 6 mg;
  • potassium - 200 mg;
  • phosphorus - 55 mg;
  • vanadium - 99 mcg;
  • molybdenum - 20 mcg;
  • nickel - 6 mcg;
  • copper - 80 mcg;
  • fluorine - 55 mcg;
  • lithium - 6 mcg.

Vitamins in purple carrots:

  • A (RE);
  • Group B;
  • FROM;
  • beta carotene;
  • E, K, PP, N.

The vegetable is rich in minerals

100 g of vegetable contains 35 kcal. BZHU:

  • proteins - 1.3 g;
  • fats - 0.1 g;
  • water - 86.6-88 g;
  • carbohydrates - 5.7-6.9 g;
  • ash - 1 g;
  • dietary fiber - 2.4 g.

Growing

Growing carrots is a process that does not require special care for the vegetable.

Disembarkation

Vegetable seeds are characterized by good germination. Sowing in the soil is carried out in early spring. They prepare the earth, fertilize it.

Good precursors to carrots are potatoes, cucumbers, onions.

Before planting, the seeds are left in the water for germination. They are planted on beds at a distance of 1-2 cm. Between the rows leave 10-15 cm.

Care

The essence of care is in loosening the soil, fertilizing, fertilizing, thinning seedlings. The first thinning is carried out when 1-2 leaves appear on the bush. Large plants leave at a distance of 2 cm from each other

Fertilizer

Vegetables are fed twice per season:

  • with the growth of 3-4 leaves, ammonium nitrate is used;
  • after the final thinning, superphosphates are used.

Watering

In the summer, seedlings require watering, depending on the condition of the soil. It is carried out in the evening, the water should be absorbed and not leave puddles.

Care consists in loosening the soil, fertilizers, fertilizing, thinning seedlings

Disease control

Carrots protect from the development and spread of diseases and pests.

Fomoz

Phomosis, or gray rot, affects parts of the plant that are above the ground; initially, black-brown dents with a white coating appear on the fruit.

The plant is not subject to treatment, damaged parts are removed. It will turn out to protect the vegetable if you apply nitrogen top dressing and spray with 1% Bordeaux liquid.

White rot

The disease leads to damage to the fetus, softness appears, a white coating, a crust with black dots.

White rot is treated by applying potassium top dressing, spraying with copper-containing agents, and disinfection of rooms where root crops are stored.

Rhizoctonia

Rhizoctonia is a felt rot that affects the fruit until dark gray spots appear. Treatment is carried out by spraying with copper chloride.

Alternariosis

Alternariosis is black rot. The plant turns black, the leaves curl. He will cure the plantings with the Rovral drug.

Bacteriosis

Bacteriosis is characterized by yellow spots on the leaves, gray and white drops on the petioles, brown stripes on the stems, brown spots, ulcers on the fruits. It is not subject to treatment.

Cercosporosis

When defeated by cercosporosis, light brown spots spread on the foliage, it twists, a plaque appears. The fruits are deformed. Treatment is not possible.

Brown spotting

Brown spotting is a dangerous disease, which manifests itself in the form of constrictions of a brown color. Sprouts die, yellow spots appear on the leaves, brown on the stems, petioles.

Pest Management

Under the influence of pests, the plant is able to completely die.

Carrot fly

Carrot fly damages root crops. In this case, the leaves become bronze.

Avoid the spread of carrot flies if you get rid of weeds on time. As therapeutic agents used "Decis", "Shar Pei", ammonia.

Female leaf flies leave eggs on carrot tops. After emergence, the larvae spoil the leaves, the plant dries. Manual egg collection, dusting of tobacco, soap solution helps to get rid of the pest.

Umbrella moth

Dangerous for the vegetable is brown moth. The affected vegetable turns dark and dries.

With the pest they fight by mechanical collection of tracks, digging before landing helps. Apply spraying with lepidocide, enterobacterin.

Under the influence of pests, the plant is able to completely die

Naked slugs, wireworms

Naked slugs harm the crop, spoil foliage, fruits. A shiny trace of white color remains on the vegetable. The sooner you start treatment, the faster the plant gets stronger. Fighting slugs involves treating plantings with superphosphate or 10% saline.

The wireworm is a yellow worm, the larva of a nutcracker. He harms the fruits by eating them. They get rid of wireworms with the help of ammonia, which is part of the fertilizer, preparations of Aktara and Bazudina.

Carrot aphid

Small insects of green color accumulate on vegetables, foliage deteriorates, the fruits are deformed. Soap solution, tobacco, ash helps fight the pest. For preventive purposes, in hot weather, vegetables are sprayed with warm water.

Exclamation point scoop

Butterfly caterpillars greatly harm the vegetable. It will be possible to fight them with the help of Decis, Fury, and chamomile infusions.

Prevention

The main preventive measures are considered to be proper care and timely start of treatment when any diseases or pests are detected. Not every disease is subject to treatment - it is definitely worth using prophylaxis.

For the prevention of phomosis, phosphorus and potassium top dressing is added, the tops are removed on time.

Prevention of bacteriosis includes soaking seeds before planting in the soil, spraying with a home.

To avoid cercosporosis, soaking seeds in hot water is used, young shoots are sprayed with Bordeaux solution.

Avoid the appearance of brown spotting if you regularly apply loosening between rows, especially during rains. Treatment with solutions of horsetail, celandine, and nettle helps.

Conclusion

Purple carrot is a vegetable rich in vitamins and minerals. Its use has a positive effect on the human body.

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