Pumpkin storage rules

Pumpkin contains many vitamins, trace elements, carotene and fiber. This vegetable is dietary and suitable for baby food. Consider how to store pumpkin at home and what conditions must be observed.

Pumpkin storage rules

Overview of Long-Stored Varieties

Now there is a huge demand for pumpkin, it began to grow on an industrial scale. Varieties differ among themselves by the ripening date, shape, color and taste.

The most mature varieties are presented in the table.

GradeSkin colorCut pulpShelf life
GribovskayaGrayorange, dense, juicypossesses good keeping performance, can be stored until a new crop
Donskayagray with shades of greenjuicy, orange, denseat a temperature not exceeding 15 ° C, lasts for 70 weeks
Khersongreenish grayjuicy, sweet, denseexcellent keeping rates and portability
Waitinglight graybright orange, juicy, thick, sweetlong stored at room temperature
Slavutagray greenbright, sweet, slightly loosediffers in high rates of keeping quality and transportability
Arabatorange with a gray coatingorange, sweet, densecan be stored until the next harvest
Gilea RoundOrangeorange, sweet, crispystored in the freezer for more than 12 months
PolyaninOrangejuicy, hard, yellowat a temperature not exceeding 18 ° C, a year will remain

Regardless of the variety, planting time, you need to know how to store the pumpkin at home: in the basement or on the balcony.

Features of the collection

How to determine maturity

Pumpkin ripeness is determined by the stem

It’s hard to say a specific harvest date, as it all depends on the variety and region. In any case, it ripens in the garden for about 140 days.

To determine the maturity of the pumpkin, you need to look at the stalk - it must be dried.

There is another way: you need to slightly scratch the skin with a fingernail. If there is a scratch, the fruit has not yet ripened.

When to start

You need to collect fruits in dry weather, on a warm sunny day - this will significantly increase the shelf life of pumpkins. It is important that there is no rain the day before the harvest. A week before the procedure, stop watering.

No need to wait for the frost. It is better for the pumpkin to ripen at home. To prevent decay in sunny warm weather, it needs to be taken outside.

Cleaning technology

The fruits are removed carefully, it is important not to damage them. To prevent the nails from accidentally scratching the peel during collection, you need to wear gloves. You can’t throw vegetables.

To separate from the stem, you need to have a sharp knife or pruner in the arsenal. The tool should be clean and the cut even. The stalk is about 12-15 cm long.

So that it does not break off, you can not hold on to it when removing the vegetable.

Important Tips

There are certain rules that must be followed.

  1. After harvesting, you need to turn the vegetable to the sun with a light speck. It occurs at the place where the pumpkin was in contact with the ground.
  2. If frost is planned, and by this time the crop has not yet been harvested, you need to cover the plantings with polyethylene.
  3. Healthy fruits are sent for storage, and damaged ones need to be prepared as soon as possible. Even the slightest scratch leads to decay. It will entail the infection of other vegetables.

Damaged fruits should be placed in a refrigerator or freezer, after cutting all the problem areas. Sliced ​​pumpkin can then be cooked all winter.

If the harvest was during the rain, you need to dry the vegetable well. Wipe or wash it with a damp cloth is not necessary, because it can damage the natural protective layer. If you notice dry earth on a vegetable, you need to clean it with a dry towel.

Storage conditions

Semen

Seeds should be stored in a cool place.

So that pumpkin seeds do not lose all their properties for a long time and lie down until the beginning of spring, you need to find a dry and cool place in the house for them.

Sunflower seeds do not like sudden changes in temperature. You need to store them in natural fabrics or special paper bags - so they can breathe.

Fresh pumpkin

To maximize the shelf life of fresh pumpkins in winter, you must adhere to certain rules:

  • suitable temperature 3-15 ° C;
  • air humidity 75-80%;
  • the room should be well ventilated;
  • the vegetable is afraid of the sun, so you need to protect it from direct sunlight;
  • the fetus must be intact, without any damage;
  • basement or cellar is an ideal place.

You can store it on the balcony if you live in an apartment. The main thing is that direct rays of the sun fall on it. It is advisable to cover all vegetables with rags.

Be sure to lay straw, hay or sawdust on the floor or the ground, and it is better to make shelves and racks. There should be a distance between vegetables, they should not touch each other.

Tip

If you find a pumpkin slightly chopped or already spoiled, you need to cut off the damaged part from it, peel it from the peel and seeds and put it in a freezer for storage.

Seeds can be put in a plastic container and dried at room temperature or on a battery. They are very useful, they contain many vitamins.

Pumpkin juice

Fresh pumpkin juice is quickly oxidized, so it must be consumed immediately or within 2 days. Leave it in the refrigerator.

To extend its term, it must be heat treated. This can be done at home.

There are 2 types of heat treatment.

  • With pasteurization: 5 tbsp are added to 1 liter of juice. sugar, mix on fire. At a temperature of 90 °, boil for 5 minutes and pour into sterilized jars, after which they should be rolled up .;
  • No pasteurization. This option involves boiling the juice and packing it in sterilized jars. After that, pasteurize the jars for 10 minutes at a temperature of 90 °, at the end they need to be rolled up.

Using one of the ways, you can enjoy pumpkin juice all winter. You can store at home at room temperature.

Decorative vegetable

Fruits do not tolerate moisture

If you need to save a pumpkin in order to decorate an apartment or other premises, you need to follow simple rules.

  1. There should be no humidity.
  2. Air temperature 10 to 30 ° C

Crafts to be processed from above with colorless furniture varnish or nail polish - this is necessary to protect the vegetable from cracking and moisture penetration.

Pumpkin seed oil

You should pay attention to the date of manufacture of the oil in the store. It is best to take it in small bottles. Shelf life usually does not exceed 12 months.

Do not expose the bottle to sunlight or temperature above 10 ° C. It is best to leave the oil in the refrigerator or in the cellar.

For homemade pumpkin oil, special conditions are required for long-term storage.

  • Pour it exclusively into glass bottles. In plastic, it will lose its flavor.
  • After opening the package, the shelf life of the oil is no more than a month.
  • Oil must be hermetically sealed and placed in complete darkness. The temperature is also not higher than 10 ° C.

Candied fruit

To prevent candied fruits, you need to take an empty glass container, which is tightly closed.

It should be stored in a dry, dark and cool room. Shelf life is usually not more than 1 year.

If candied fruits are in moist air, they will begin to stick together.

Pumpkin slices

To save space in the refrigerator and not to put a whole vegetable in it, you need to cut it into small pieces, cutting off the peel and peeling the flesh from the seeds, or grate it.

It will be possible to save the cut pumpkin in the refrigerator or in the freezer.

In the fridge

So that it does not wind off and does not dry out, it must be wrapped in foil, after having greased the pieces with vegetable oil. Sliced ​​and oiled pumpkin can be used for up to 2 weeks.

In the freezer

It’s more convenient to freeze a pumpkin into pieces

Store in the freezer for about 10-12 months, it will be correct to pack the pumpkin in portions, so that then you will not defrost the entire package.

You will need special trays for freezing or plastic bags. They need to be removed with excess air, then they are tightly closed and frozen.

Private house storage

Winter pumpkin should be stored at home in the basement, underground or cellar.

It is best to place the fruits on the shelves.

In the summer, even before harvesting, the basement should be well ventilated and get rid of damp. Humidity - not more than 75%. Must be present ventilation system.

If there are parasites or mold in the room, you need to process it. To do this, use lime or a sulfur block.

It is better to cover the shelves with straw or paper so that the pumpkin is warm. Between each vegetable you need to put straw so that there is no contact with each other and with the walls. The stems should look up.

Once a month, it is necessary to double-check the stock in the warehouse, look at what kind of vegetables. Spoiled fruit should be thrown out or cooked if they have not disappeared completely.

Storage in the apartment

You can save the pumpkin in the apartment in the winter on the balcony. Conditions:

  • optimal air temperature - not lower than 2 ° C;
  • the vegetable must be covered with a breathable opaque material so that direct sunlight does not fall on it;
  • the vegetable should not come into contact with the concrete floor, so it is better to lay some kind of plywood or blanket;
  • with a strong subzero temperature, you need to use a heater.

General storage guidelines

Pumpkin is a picky vegetable, but still the most necessary recommendations should be followed.

  1. When the crop is harvested, all the fruits must be laid out in the sun and dried for 1-2 days.
  2. If you find damage or defects on one of the vegetables, you should not place them together with healthy fruits, because dents will quickly begin to rot and this will transfer to a healthy fetus.
  3. If a fruit stalk is ripped off during harvest, it can quickly rot. Therefore, it must be cooked and eaten or frozen in the freezer.
  4. In the room where the pumpkin will be located, the temperature should be 8-10 ° C, and humidity about 80% and darkness.
  5. The room must have ventilation or access to good ventilation.

Common mistakes

If the necessary conditions for the vegetable are not met, it does not withstand long storage and begins to rot. To prevent this from happening, you must always ventilate the room.

Do not forget about insects, which also harm the vegetable. When harvesting, you need to carefully look at the safety of the fetus. Many, without noticing it, damage it, leave scratches on it.

Pumpkin with apple, pear or tomato should not be stored in one room, as these vegetables and fruits give off ethylene, and it leads to quick spoilage.

Conclusion

If you want your family to feast on healthy pumpkin dishes and get vitamins for a long time, until the very summer, you need to adhere to elementary rules - this will allow you to enjoy its taste all winter.

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