Pruning Pear Pruning
Pruning a column-shaped pear is slightly different from the procedure that is applied to other pear varieties. This is due to the characteristics of the columnar varieties.
Pruning Pear Pruning
Colon-shaped pears are dwarf, they are low (no more than 2.5 m), without branches, because incorrect pruning can lead to reduced yields and in some cases causes the death of fruit crops.
Nevertheless, trimming a column-shaped pear according to the established rules will allow:
- increase yields;
- give access to sunlight and air throughout the pear crown, which will affect the quality of plant nutrition;
- to simplify the care of plants and fruits;
- extend the period of fruiting of garden crops.
- as a result of pruning a colon-shaped pear to form a strong central trunk and main branches that can withstand the severity of ripening fruits.
Pruning a neglected pear tree for a long time without proper care is a method of rejuvenating an old plant, which can increase the duration of fruiting of the crop.
Pear pruning seasons
By the time of pruning a colon-shaped pear, gardeners have different approaches.
Most gardeners are convinced that spring is the best time to prune this variety, like other pear varieties. This is due to the fact that during this period the flow of juice reduced in activity occurs. As a result of this, it is easier for a plant to undergo branch pruning.
Pruning of a column-shaped pear is carried out in the spring, if the air temperature is established, its decrease is not expected.
Spring pruning in regions with a warm climate is carried out in March, with cooler - not earlier than the first days of April.
To cut fruit crops in the summer, few decide. Most gardeners hold this event in the summer, they do not recommend it, because together with the trimmed branches, the grown foliage participating in the photosynthesis process and responsible for the full nutrition of the plant is also removed.
Trimming such a pear in summer is better in June, when there is an active growth and development of shoots.
Non-fruiting processes remove
Pruning a pear-shaped pear in the fall is carried out as a sanitary measure, it includes the removal of damaged branches, through which juice no longer circulates and food is not delivered. At the same time, processes are cut off that do not give fruit, but take away the strength of the plant.
Trimming in the fall, columnar varieties are recommended at the beginning of the season, before the cold has come.
In the spring, the columnar varieties are cut to form a crown and remove the extra load on the thin processes, to simplify the care of the fruit crop. This variety is not prone to thickening, so the procedure is carried out to a minimum:
- immediately after planting a pear tree, all lateral processes are nipped off: this will make it possible to strengthen the main trunk,
- the central trunk is not cut in the spring,
- in a mature rooted tree, each lateral process removes 2-3 lateral processes, depending on the desired shape of the pear crown.
After shortening the central trunk, activation of the growth of the lateral processes is observed, at which time the fruit harvest is closely monitored. With a decrease in the quality of yield, when the fruits become smaller, and their quality characteristics get worse, spring shoots need to be thinned out.
Trimming pear varieties in autumn should only be at a plus temperature, when dry leaves fell from a tree.
The scheme of the autumn procedure involves an event in several stages:
- a year after planting a pear tree, the main branch is cut at a distance of about half a meter from the surface of the earth, while the cut is made at the place of growth of the kidney and without fail from the side opposite to where the grafting was carried out;
- after 2 years of growth, the central trunk is cut at a height of 0.25 m from the place of growth of the kidney, which is located above last year’s appendix;
- in the fourth year, by autumn, the tree will have about 6-8 branches, of which only the strongest leaves, no more than 3-4, and cut them at equal height, the central trunk is cut 0.2 m higher than it was done the fall of the previous year.
With each autumn procedure, the tips and lateral processes are cut off at the branches to ensure the growth of new branches next year. At the same time, dry branches are cut off.
Autumn pruning procedure is not performed if the tree was planted in spring. The reason for this is the weak development of the branches of young colonized plants.
Pruning a pear is a specific process. In order not to harm the culture, take into account the features of pruning in each of the seasons.