The proper feeding of pepper

To get the most out of the plant, you need to know the features of the cultivation. Lack of nutrients during such important stages as flowering or fruit setting will negatively affect crop yields. We will analyze how the pepper is fed properly.

The proper feeding of pepper

Fertilizing during planting

When cultivating a popular sweet or spicy vegetable, it is worth remembering that the plant is very gluttonous. This is especially noticeable in the first phase of development, when resistance to external stimuli is formed. If you sow pepper seeds in a nutritious soil, then within 20 days you can not think about additional contributions.

How many times to fertilize pepper? When rearing young animals, they carry out three procedures:

  • Before picking. Two weeks later, two adult leaves appear at the seedlings, and the root leaf is sufficiently formed to absorb mineral substances. For the first fertilizer, a mixture of superphosphate (2.5 g) with ammonium nitrate (5 mg) or potassium humate (2 ml) with urea (half a teaspoon) is suitable. The indicated amount of funds is diluted in a liter of liquid and seedlings are carefully watered.
  • 15 days later. Peppers easily absorb a greater amount of essential trace elements. The above dosages are increased by 2 times, applied after irrigation.
  • A week before landing in open ground. During this period, it is recommended to use professional drugs. Gumi is a good growth stimulant and antidepressant, and the solution is prepared from 1 g of the substance per 1 liter of water. Ideal helps root development and enhances resistance to ailments. For irrigation use 0.5 ml of the drug per 1 liter of water.

Fertilizers for pepper at the stage of seedling can not be applied to dry soil. All procedures are carried out in the morning and strictly under the root. If the solution has got on young leaves, it is necessary to wash off drops.

After transplant

In open ground and in a greenhouse, a seedling needs nutrients. For proper development, you will need both mineral and organic preparations. Excess micronutrients are as dangerous as deficiency, so do not increase the recommended dose.

During growth

After the seedlings have been planted at a constant place of growth, they carefully monitor the needs of the culture. If the soil on the site is nutritious, it is enough to carry out the application every 2 weeks. You can feed the weakened pepper, sweet or hot, once every 10 days, alternating root and leaf procedures.

After planting, seedlings grow very quickly, forming roots and greens, so they need complex preparations. You can fertilize the culture with nitroammophos. For root irrigation per 1 sq. m plantings apply 20 g of funds. With sheet spraying 1 tbsp. l granules are bred in a warm liquid.

When feeding peppers, fertilizers containing chlorine (ammonium chloride) are avoided, since, getting into the root system, it clogs the sap flow.

Those who prefer to use organics are advised to alternate it with chemistry. From natural remedies, the growth of tops increases and there is a chance to get a fungus, so do not abuse them. Dissolve in a bucket of water:

  • wood ash - 1 half liter jar;
  • manure - 1 kg;
  • chicken litter - 1 l.

During flowering

Peppers must be watered with fertilizer

As soon as the formation of the buds has become noticeable, make top dressing for pepper. With a nutrient deficiency, ovaries are poorly formed, only the fruits that appear are showered. Professionals advise using a teaspoon of potassium sulfate and urea in a bucket of water.

During flowering, you can feed plants with manure without fear. For procedures with mullein, the substance is diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 2. If more complex means are needed, it is better to dilute 1 tbsp in a bucket. l superphosphate and 12 g of urea.

During fruiting

During the formation of vegetables, application is not always necessary. Before fertilizing the pepper, a thorough inspection of the plantings is carried out. If there are no defects on the bushes, and the plant itself does not change the color of the foliage, there is no need for top dressing. Chemicals have a bad habit of accumulating in the crop in the form of nitrates. The fewer treatments, the safer.

If the fruits of sweet pepper ripen poorly or are lagging in development, it is better to go to the procedures. Superphosphate with the addition of potassium salt is used - 1.5 tsp each. on a bucket of water. Fans of organic products are watered with mullein and bird droppings. Dilute in 10 l of liquid 5 l of natural raw materials.

It is useful to feed fruity peppers on a leaf. To treat with urea, to prepare a solution take 10 g of powder in a bucket of water. Of the complex preparations, it is better to use phosphorus-potassium mixtures. The ratio of substances gives the plant energy for rapid ripening.

For indoor varieties

Fertilizer for indoor pepper should be given dosed and at a certain time.

Do not feed manure or mullein with urea. In the spring, after hatching from the seeds, complex preparations for tomatoes are used. The introduction of superphosphate and urea should be done carefully: 1 g of liquid is enough for 3 g of the product.

When growing on a windowsill, watering with calcium nitrate is allowed (no more than 10 g per 5 liters of liquid). You can carry out irrigation with the addition of ammonia: the substance drives the midges away from the roots, but with frequent use it accumulates in the soil, which leads to the death of the bush.

Indoor varieties have been growing on the windowsill for more than one year, so you need to change the soil more often. As a safe top dressing for peppers, water the earth with potassium permanganate or nettle infusion. Soda treatment is sometimes permitted, but the substance strongly alkalizes the soil.

Original types of fertilizers

As fertilizers use tea, bread, shell, whey. Of course, substances do not give such a quick result, but do not accumulate in the fruits. These funds are allowed to water several times a week.

Good fruit

Tea

It contains a huge number of microelements that positively affect the growth of seedlings. Foliar and root dressing for peppers activate the protective properties of plants. Of course, diseases cannot be cured, but maintaining the bushes in good condition is easy.

The solution is prepared from foliage and flowers of medicinal herbs (plantain, dandelion, coltsfoot), crushed, stacked in a bucket and filled with cold water. Plants insist for a week, after which they are filtered through tissue. On average, the output is at least 5 liters of liquid. Under each pepper, pour a liter jar of funds.

Nettle, hops and horsetail infusions not only feed bushes, but also protect against fungi. Half a kilogram of greens is poured with 6 liters of boiling water, left for 12 hours, and then filtered through gauze. The cooled agent is irrigated under the root and sprayed during flowering.

Bread

As part of a popular product, there is yeast that positively affects plants. When regularly injected into the ground, the substance stimulates seed growth and enriches the culture with micronutrients. When irrigated, the bushes develop faster, in all varieties the taste indicators of the fruits improve.

Fertilizer with bread is introduced in the spring, after planting seedlings. The procedure is carried out in warm soil, since in cold soil the yeast does not activate. To prepare the product, fill a quarter of the bucket with black and white crackers, fill it with water and leave it under the battery or in the sun. After 2 weeks, the expressed solution is diluted with pure liquid 1 to 1, after which the plant is watered under the root.

Shell

To increase soil fertility, it is not necessary to use chemicals. Farmers often use a proven tool that complements the treatment with azophos or ammonia. The composition of the eggshell includes:

  • calcium carbonate;
  • phosphates;
  • magnesium;
  • organic matter.

Trace elements are important for the development and nutrition of crops. In addition, they lower the acidity of the soil and improve its structure. Before use, the raw materials are thoroughly washed under running water from product residues, after which they are dried and disinfected in the oven.

To prepare a nutrient solution, take a shell of five eggs, grind and pour a liter of boiling water. For 5 days, insist, stirring every day with a wooden stick. At the end of the period, the product is diluted with a clean liquid in a ratio of 1: 1, after which it is watered in a glass under a bush.

Serum

Peppers (sweet, spicy) can be fed with nettle infusion or ammonia. However, few people decide to use dairy products as fertilizers. The product has a lot of active substances and bacteria that improve the condition of the soil and are the prevention of late blight. Irrigated vegetables increase the yield and taste of the fruit.

Serum is allowed to treat both seedlings that appeared after 2 weeks from seeds, and plants after transplantation. A liter of the product is poured into a bucket of water, add 10 drops of iodine and mix thoroughly with a wooden stick. Under one bush, it is enough to make 1 liter of the resulting solution. It is possible to carry out foliar top dressing on the sheet.

Recommendations

If the plant looks bad or develops, it may be an excess or deficiency of any important substances. Most often, such a bush loses its color or leaves fall off. A matte gray coating on the underside of the green indicates a lack of nitrogen. To quickly bring the plant to itself, it is enough to spray it with a solution of urea (1 tsp. In a bucket of water).

If the ovaries actively fall after flowering, boric acid treatment will help to save the crop. To do this, 5 g of powder is diluted in 10 l of warm liquid. The product is poured into a spray gun, after which spraying is performed on the sheet.

During fruit setting, peppers like phosphorus-based fertilizers. Excess nitrogen negatively affects the formation of products, therefore, it is necessary to abandon it. The best option is to treat with a solution of superphosphate (1 tsp. Granules per bucket).

Summarizing

To get a plentiful crop of vegetables you need to know about the intricacies of fertilizing. Mineral and organic are used both before sowing and after transplantation to the main place of growth. The above recommendations contain information on how to properly fertilize pepper at different stages of development.

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