Proper Care of Euphorbia
Today it is difficult to meet a house where there is not a single house plant. The most popular in this regard are cacti, valued for their unpretentiousness, however, they can also be replaced with a more exotic flower, which is Euphorbia. The second name of Euphorbia is euphorbia. This is an extremely unusual plant, valued for its versatility: it does not have one particular type, can be either small or large, prickly, or simply with leaves, even the stem can be different.
Euphorbia is able to grow in any climate: both in cold and warm, it feels normal, but still the most favorable conditions for it are the subtropical conditions in which this plant originally appeared.
The homeland of Euphorbia is the island of Madagascar and the subtropical part of America, so this plant is rightly called exotic. Euphorbia is grown not only at home, but also in the garden. On the street, the flower grows in the form of a tree or bush.
This plant contains poisonous juice, enveloping every particle of the flower. It is because of this poisonous juice, similar to milk, that Euphorbia got its second name. It is worth noting that although Euphorbia and a poisonous flower, it is not only possible to keep and grow it at home, but it is also necessary, because the plant does not adversely affect the atmosphere, but rather, it can purify the air and create a positive microclimate.
Varieties of euphorbia
- Euphorbia trigon;
- Euphorbia marginata snow on the mountain;
- Euphorbia acrurance;
- Succulent obesa;
- The plantes.
Euphorbia is a genus with many subspecies. Naturally, most gardeners are attracted by home varieties of plants that are somewhat reminiscent of other home flowers. The sort of stellate is somewhat similar to a common scarlet flower, and a sort of horrid is like a cactus.
You can pick up euphorbia for any interior, with it the design will look more complete. Indoor varieties: mix, gabizan, decari, rubra and suzanne - are best suited for fans of unusual colors in the collection. Home care for such varieties is not difficult if you know how to properly water and grow them.
In addition to the above, there is Euphorbia:
- root man;
- fat and bright;
- spherical and papillary;
- jellyfish head;
- crown of thorns
Proper milk care at home
This flower is poisonous, but if you take precautions, it can be grown at home. Milk juice provokes poisoning, so when caring for this plant, you need to wear gloves and wash your hands with soap.
It is important to choose the best place for the plant, since the growth of some varieties can reach 3 m.
In order to grow a flower, attention should be paid to its location. Euphorbia is a photophilous plant, therefore it is necessary to establish a flower so that daylight gets on it. Thanks to this measure, he will grow more actively and delight the look. Although the euphorbia survives in any climate, the most favorable temperature for it will be 25 ° C.
Watering and feeding
To water Euphorbia, you need to defend the water for several days. Chlorinated water should not be watered, otherwise white stains may appear on the trunk or leaves. Water temperature for irrigation should be room temperature. From spring to winter, watered once a week, and in winter - once every 15 days or as needed. Euphorbia should be sprayed sometimes: 1 time in 2 weeks is enough. Euphorbia is fed once every 30 days. Fertilizers are used for both cacti and succulents.
Fertilizing should be chosen so that it contains all minerals in equal amounts, otherwise one element may not be enough, and the second will be overkill. From this, the leaves on the plant may turn yellow.
In the spring, the flower spends nutrients for active growth. If the metabolism in the structure of the flower changes, then such a plant becomes vulnerable to pests. Various insects attack only flowers in which metabolism is impaired. A healthy succulent has a special invisible film that repels insects.
Euphorbia Transplant Rules
To make the plant feel good, it must be placed in drained loose soil. It can be done independently, for this you need to take a little land, peat and sand, another option is to buy a ready-made one. Euphorbia should be planted in wide, but not very deep pots.
In order for the plant to feel good, the pot itself should be prepared.
The pot must have drainage holes so that the water does not stagnate. At the bottom should be expanded clay or pour stone chips. After the bottom of the pot is prepared, the purchased or prepared mixture is poured into it.
In such conditions, the planting will be successful and the plant will feel great.
You also need to remember that the flower should be on time and properly transplanted. As a rule, do it in the spring. A young plant should be replanted only once a year, and an older plant - once every 2-3 years. When transplanting the toxicity of milkweed, one should not forget it in any case, it is important to observe all safety measures, and after the procedure it is recommended to wash your hands with soap and water several times. The flower must be placed so that it is not accessible to children or animals.
Reproduction is carried out by seeds and young shoots. The best time is spring or summer. Mostly gardeners prefer to propagate using cuttings rather than growing from seeds. To do this, cut the stalk about 10-13 cm long and place it in warm water, as this contributes to the outflow of toxic juice. Slices are strongly recommended to grind with charcoal, so as not to harm the plant. The duration of the procedure is from 2 to 4 days. After that, you need to prepare a pot for growing a sprout. For this purpose, take a wide pot and pour sand out there, previously moistened with water. After that, the process is transferred there and put it in a bright place.
After the shoots have sprouted roots, they need to be transplanted into permanent pots. First, the pot should be small, but every year during the transplant it is changed, choosing a container 4-5 cm larger than the previous one. Some types of succulents grow slowly, in this case it is advisable to choose a pot more than the previous one by only 2-3 cm.
In the first months, the flower is not disturbed, they create a favorable atmosphere for it. The temperature should be around 20 ° C. Euphorbia can go without water for a long time.
Diseases and Pests
Euphorbia is practically not attacked by parasites, and with proper care, the likelihood of the plant becoming sick is reduced. If it became noticeable that the plant does not bloom leaves, you should think about it. Infection can occur when a white coating is visible on the leaves. This is one of the signs of a parasite like a spider mite. Such a pest braids the leaves with a web and the plant feels uncomfortable. But this can also be avoided: you just need to regularly spray with special means.
If it is incorrect to care for a flower, then leaves will drop. A common cause of this phenomenon is stagnation of water in a pot. When brown growths appear on the stems, you should remove the pot from the sun. If insects are visible on the leaves or stalk, they must be removed, and then treated with insecticides. Pests settle on contaminated surfaces in inaccessible places. If a hygienic shower is not contraindicated for a variety of succulents, it is recommended to carry it out at least once a month, especially on hot days.
Ultimately, Euphorbia is an excellent choice for everyone who wants to diversify the design of their apartment and is not indifferent to ornamental plants. Care for the bush requires a small, indoor species contain poisonous juice, and therefore one of the main rules when working with them is to wear gloves, otherwise it will be no wonder to get a burn. Planting is not particularly difficult, propagation is carried out mainly by cuttings, it is easier than using seeds.