Preparing and transplanting a blooming orchid
Among species of orchids, phalaenopsis is more often transplanted. He opens buds most of the year. Transplanting orchids during flowering is a simple process. The main thing is to properly prepare the indoor flower for the procedure.
Preparing and transplanting a blooming orchid
The flower is moved to another pot when the procedure is urgent and mandatory. It can not be postponed until the flowering period ends, otherwise the plant will die.
It is recommended to transplant a blooming orchid if:
- after purchase on the stem, a defeat by pests, diseases was discovered:
- sprouting of roots is noted, and they do not fit into a pot;
- on the root system there are places of decay;
- low-quality soil used;
- leaves turned yellow and wilted;
- the roots are attached to the inner surface of the pot;
- foliage greatly exceeds the volume of the pot.
Orchid Transplant Recommendations
Advantages and disadvantages
When deciding to move a flower into a new pot, they will remember the likelihood of negative consequences. They occur if the transplantation of a blooming orchid at home is not done according to the rules.
After the procedure, the phalaenopsis arrows fall off and the buds dry. Plants do not bloom in the coming spring. During this period, flowering is reduced. Phalaenopsis is weakened, there comes a halt to growth and development.
Among the advantages of the procedure are:
- preservation of the affected plant;
- improved root system nutrition;
- active development of the stem;
- stopping the spread of pests and diseases.
The basic rule before a successful orchid transplant during flowering is to shorten the flower stalks by 2-3 cm. This helps to redistribute the nutrients from the top to the roots.
The roots are developing rapidly, adapt to new conditions. The release of a new flower stalk occurs earlier than without cutting the old.
Transplanting is easier if the flower is moistened before. The trunk is watered.
For irrigation, take a vessel larger than the pot. Warm water is poured there. Cure the flower for 50 minutes.
The work done allows minimizing damage to the root system. Be sure to carry out the procedure if the flower developed in a container of clay or other natural materials. Clay vases are broken, and plastic glasses are cut.
Transplanting is easier if the flower is moistened before.
Inspection and root treatment
The root system is treated with care. Walkthrough:
- The roots are soaked. They are poured with clean water at a temperature of 36 ° C-38 ° C.
- They are pulled out of the container, washed thoroughly. Dry in the room for 7-8 hours.
- Rhizome is inspected for damage. All black and rotten parts are removed with a sharpened knife or clippers.
Pre-trimmed instruments are sterilized. They are treated with powdered activated or charcoal. In the absence of a substance, disinfection is carried out with the usual pharmacy solution of brilliant green or cinnamon powder.
The substrate can be purchased ready-made. It is chosen taking into account the type and age of the plant that they want to transplant.
A home-made soil at home will be economical and high-quality. Be sure to take into account the vital properties for the plant properties: high air permeability, average moisture retention.
For the lower layer, drainage is used. It is boiled, dried. Expanded clay is not suitable: it enters into a chemical reaction with water, releasing toxic substances.
They use coarse-grained bark of coniferous trees, fragments of broken bricks, and small gravel.
Preparation of soil for planting
Transplant orchid should be in the main substrate. It is prepared from:
- medium-sized parts of pine bark from a dried tree;
- bog moss (sphagnum);
- flakes of pine cones.
Take a new vase for the plant. Correctly choose a transparent glass, because the roots should see daylight. From materials suitable plastic, glass.
Transplant an orchid during flowering is recommended in an elongated pot.
Often you need to transplant an orchid blooming due to the growth of roots. The length is chosen so that the distance from the roots to the bottom of the vase is no more than 5-6 cm. A suitable diameter 3 is 3-3.5 cm wider than the previous pot. Such dimensions will help keep the root system from overgrowing.
10 minutes before transplanting into another pot, it is poured with boiling water and disinfected. A dark solution of potassium permanganate will do. The container is left to dry.
Start replanting a blooming orchid is recommended by laying drainage. It should not occupy more than ⅕ of the vessel. The main substrate is strewed from above, filling the vase with ⅓.
Next, you need to carefully transplant the flower without injuring the root system. The soil is poured in small portions.
Using a wooden stick or fingers, fill the void between the roots. Small pieces of bark are poured on top.
At the end of the flower is moved to daylight. Direct sunlight should not fall on it.
Proper transplantation will prevent the flower from dropping all buds after the procedure. Regrowth of a new arrow occurs after 2-3 months.
It is necessary to draw up an individual schedule for watering the plant, applying fertilizing, spraying. It is important not to water the flower the first 3-4 days after transplanting.