Pre-winter feeding of roses - the intricacies of events
Fertilizing roses in the fall is a must, providing abundant and beautiful flowering of decorative culture in the next season. It also helps plants to more easily tolerate the cold, because they differ in average winter hardiness.
Pre-winter feeding of roses - the intricacies of events
The purpose of autumn feeding
The need for feeding roses in the fall is due to the active absorption of nutrients from the substrate by the bush throughout the vegetative period, as a result of which even the fertile soil is depleted.
Thanks to the application of fertilizers, it is possible:
- Strengthen the root system sufficiently, making wintering more successful.
- Increase immunity to diseases and pests. Often in weakened specimens, due to the lack of plastic substances from the effects of frost, the crust cracks, in the formed holes of which various bugs prefer to settle.
- Normalize soil fertility and nourish the rose with useful elements.
- Strengthen winter hardiness will be obtained by making potassium-phosphorus fertilizers. As a result, the plant receives the necessary “dose” of plastic substances responsible for the safety of the stems during temperature jumps. Additionally, the ripening of shoots is stimulated.
- Restore the forces that were used up by the rose during the autumn pruning.
The choice of fertilizer, which should feed the queen of the garden before the onset of winter, depends on its variety and region of growth.
The climbing rose is particularly sensitive to the root system, so in the autumn period it is necessary to strengthen the underground part of the plant.
- For the first procedure, a complex of boric acid, superphosphate and potassium sulphide is used.
- The second - must necessarily include phosphate-containing components.
Before applying fertilizer, the soil is carefully loosened, then covered with a layer of mulch.
Recommended time for agricultural work is August / September.
Plain. It prefers purchased preparations in the form of granules, which are distributed around the perimeter of the peritoneal circle and spilled with water. In the fall, culture especially needs kalimagnesia and phosphorus.
Events are held in late August, duplicate in mid-September. Subsequently, the bush is subjected to major pruning.
Floribunda. There are a number of subtleties regarding the use of fertilizers. They are brought in once in the first days of November, scattering on the surface of the soil near the stem. Potassium and phosphorus are preferred, chlorine-based products are prohibited. After the plant is sheltered for the winter. It is allowed to additionally use rotted manure for a second top dressing.
Gardening. Needs double fertilizer over the fall.
- For the first, a composition of calcium, phosphorus and a small amount of potassium should be prepared;
- The second is done with organic matter - manure or compost.
Park . Due to the cultivation of the variety by complex selection, the plant must be carefully prepared for the period of cold weather.
Feeding is allowed only after major pruning. As fertilizers, potassium-phosphorus preparations are used.
Top-up dates depending on the territory:
- In the south of Russia, the first falls on September 20-30, the second on October 1-10.
- In the Urals and Siberia, the optimal periods are August 10–20 and September 1–10.
- In the middle lane it is recommended to carry out work on August 20-30 and September 10-20.
Autumn processing time depends on the variety
There are several ways to feed the queen of the garden - root and foliar.
They can be used separately, but experienced gardeners combine both methods to achieve maximum effect.
It involves the introduction of the drug directly under the root of the plant, from which nutrients subsequently flow to all the organs of the flower.
- Dry top dressing. They are laid in undiluted form in small grooves around the perimeter of the borehole, or distributed over the surface of the soil and sprinkled lightly on it. Provided there is no rain in the fall and the substrate is excessively dry, it is watered abundantly.
- Liquid. In this case, mineral or organic fertilizers are diluted in the required amount of water, after which the resulting solution is poured under the trunk of the plant.
The main advantage is the quick achievement of the result. In the course of work, a special atomizer is used, with which the green mass of the flower is sprayed with the necessary composition.
Manipulations should be carried out so that the drug falls on both the outer and inner parts of the leaf plates.
The method can be used simultaneously with the root or as an independent one if the first one was implemented the day before. Particularly effective when necessary to combat harmful insects.
A solution for spraying take a weak concentration. The procedure is carried out at a time when the sun is not in the active stage. The best option is evening and slightly cloudy weather without precipitation. Under such conditions, the drug will have time to absorb into the foliage before nightfall.
It is recommended to make autumn fertilizers for abundant flowering of roses in spring and comfortable wintering in several stages:
- In early September. It is carried out after the bush has faded. The goal is accelerated ripening of shoots and normalization of substrate balance.
- Before the onset of cold weather - in late October / early November. Designed to protect the root system.
To nourish the earth with organic matter means to provide the flower with the necessary elements for a long time, which is due to the ability of the tools used to gradually penetrate the soil.
The plus also includes the full range of nutrients contained in the composition.
Top dressing is carried out in several stages.
|Type of fertilizer||Benefit||Application Time||Rules and features of application, dosage|
|Ash||Contains a large amount of potassium, phosphorus, calcium. It has an insecticidal property. Contributes to the destruction of larvae and pathogens in the substrate.|
For the formation of large buds in the next season, it is recommended to use the ash remaining during the burning of potato tops.
|Without Borders||In dry form: distributed in the area of the perinosal circle at the rate of 1-2 tbsp per unit of culture, after loosening to a shallow depth.|
In liquid form: prepare an infusion of sifted ash and hot water in a ratio of 2 tablespoons to 3 liters. Withstand up to 3 days, then bring to the volume of the bucket, adding clean liquid. Poured under the bush (each accounted for an average of 6 liters of funds).
|Compost||Contains phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium compounds formed during the maturation of plant residues (weed grass, leaves). It has properties due to which heat is stored, in connection with which the probability of freezing of roots is minimized.||Late fall after flowering||They are laid out superficially in the territory near the trunk at the rate of 1-2 kg per 1 sq.m.|
|Contains ascorbic acid, volatile, carotene, B vitamins. Accelerates the growth of the root system, increases immunity. It can be used as a prophylactic against pests.||Without Borders||In the form of infusion: 500 g of husk is poured with liquid in a volume of 10 l (temperature 40 degrees), cover the container with a lid, insist for a day in a dark room.|
Decoction: husk and water in similar proportions are boiled for several hours, after which they wait for complete cooling.
Both tools are used to spray the plants with an interval of 6 days.
Permitted to use as mulch.
|Manure||It is considered a complex fertilizer, which contains phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium, iron, manganese, etc.||Preferably before flowering. Due to the high nitrogen content, it should be used carefully so as not to provoke the formation of new shoots that are not able to tolerate frost.|
The best option is the first feeding.
|Dilute in a ratio of 1:10, insist for 7 days, additionally diluted with liquid at the rate of 1 part infusion into 3 parts of water.|
Watered under the root.
|Chicken droppings||Properties identical to manure||Before flowering||Dilute in a ratio of 1:20, insist for a week, before making it, dilute with liquid at the rate of 1 part of infusion per 1 part of water.|
Watered under the root.
|Eggshell||Contains about 27 useful trace elements. Among them are zinc, fluorine, molybdenum, phosphorus, manganese, iron. With natural decomposition, it is easily absorbed into the soil. Helps normalize acidity by decreasing Ph. Improves drainage properties of the substrate. It fights well with slugs and snails.||The end of August, in addition to the first predicted frosts||The shell is crushed into powder, poured with liquid, kept for 4 days. Fasting leaves are sprayed and watered under the root.|
It is better to collect material from raw eggs, which are recommended to be rinsed in water before use.
It can also be used dry, sprinkled over the surface of the soil.
Top dressing positively affects flower health
Mineral fertilizers are useful substances in high concentrations, which are obtained during a chemical reaction, transforming raw materials of inorganic origin.
There are several types: simple, complex, micronutrient fertilizers.
|Type of fertilizer||Name, features||Application Time||Dosage, application rules|
|Nitrogen||Ammonium nitrate (increases soil acidity, nitrogen content 35%).||Mostly used in spring and summer. Allowed the introduction in late autumn before sheltering the flower for the winter. In the latter case, nitrogen will not get to the roots, but will begin to be actively absorbed into the ground with melting snow.||Prepare a solution of 10 liters of water and 1 tbsp. saltpeter. Pour at least 5-7 l of the product under the bush.|
|Urea (nitrogen at a concentration of 46%)||Spring||Close up in the soil due to the fact that when interacting with oxygen, the active substance is decomposed|
|Potash||Potassium sulfate (does not contain chlorine, is involved in strengthening immunity, increases frost resistance).||During budding, in preparation for winter. Contribute to October inclusive||Prepare a solution of 10 liters of liquid and 1 tbsp. l potassium sulfate, supplemented with a similar amount of superphosphate. Watered under the root.|
|Kalimagnesia (contains 30% potassium, 17% sulfur and 10% magnesium oxide, great for enriching sandy soils)||End of August, beginning of September||Under the root|
|Potassium phosphorus||Simple / double superphosphate. Increases resistance to low temperatures, strengthens the root system, promotes the absorption of amino acids and sugars||The end of August - the first of September||Granules are embedded in the soil or diluted with water at a dosage of 40-60 g per 1 sq.m.|
It is necessary to approach feeding in the autumn period extremely seriously, not only in order to provide the rose with a comfortable wintering. From correctly carried out activities depends on how healthy the culture will be by the beginning of the next growing season.