Popular varieties of self-pollinated cucumbers for open ground
Cucumbers are one of the most popular vegetable crops in our country. To date, gardening, there are many of their varieties, including those bred for specific purposes and localities. Increasingly, among other species, you can find varieties of self-pollinated cucumbers for open ground in farms. What are their features and which of them are recommended by experienced farmers for planting?
Popular varieties of self-pollinated cucumbers
Characteristics of Cucumbers
There is a special variety of these vegetables, whose representatives have a specific structure: they have both a pestle and a stamen. Due to the presence of the male and female reproductive component, such a vegetable can independently, without outside interference, produce fruits with seeds. They are the most productive type, bypassing options such as bee pollinators and parthenocapric cucumbers.
This is not the only advantage of self-pollinated: they are quite unpretentious, for a good growth of cucumbers a little sunlight (the fruits are mostly quite shade-tolerant and drought-resistant), a humid climate and fertile soil.
Resistant to fungal infections, and for insects are simply not attractive. Therefore, an increasing number of farmers are choosing this type for cultivation on their sites. The view can be raised both in closed areas like greenhouses, hotbeds, balconies, and right on the street: the location depends on the subspecies of the fetus.
Self-pollinated varieties of cucumbers for open ground (all of them belong to the category of hybrids) differ from each other. Some are grown specifically for eating in their original form, others - for further processing, others are considered universal.
An early variety, for example, has a more delicate pulp than a late variety - dry and hard. Mid-season harmoniously combine elasticity and softness. Cucumbers with white spikes are usually used for salads and slices, with black ones as raw materials for salting.
Intended use and distribution
Initially, plants with the ability to self-pollination were intended exclusively for greenhouses. Since the harvest ceased to depend on bees and weather, it became possible to transfer the scene to the open spaces of nature.
The climate is suitable for almost any corner of Russia, even the conditions of Siberia: it is especially good for the Moscow region. Distributed in the middle zone of Ukraine.
Which grade to choose
Cucumbers for open ground must be chosen among species resistant to environmental conditions. Vegetables will have to withstand temperature extremes, high humidity, sharp gusts of wind. With proper care, almost all self-pollinating plants form an ovary, and in the future you will receive a large fee. Self-pollinating high-yielding varieties of cucumbers for open ground - which one to choose?
Most often, gardeners give preference to the hybrid Alliance. What characteristics does:
- maximum length - 15 cm, weight - 130 g;
- 6 fruits in the ovary;
- productivity - 18 kg from 1 sq.m;
- usually begins to bear fruit 7 weeks after planting in the soil: if not, use organic fertilizers.
Before planting, the seeds of the Alliance sprout. Having an exquisite taste and crispy structure, the cucumber retains its qualities after processing. Ideal as a raw material for salting.
The fruits of this variety are very tasty.
The fruiting period of this variety is in the summer. Cucumbers are small, but very tasty, sweetish. High yielding.
If you feed the soil a little, Spring will yield a crop of 15 kg.
It is notable for its early ripening: the first fruits can be harvested already after 6-7 weeks after planting. In a good season with 1 sq.m. You can get up to 7 kg of cucumber pickles 13 cm long and weighing 90-110 g. 6-8 specimens are formed in the ovary.
The variety is designed specifically for growing in open soil. It ripens already at 6 weeks. With 1 sq. m collect up to 5 kg of cucumbers, the ovary usually forms 6 ten-centimeter cucumbers.
Outwardly, Zador is reminiscent of a cylinder-shaped gherkin with outstanding tubercles. It has a stable immunity to fungal and viral diseases and weather changes. Elastic and compact fruits are suitable for conservation.
Cute and tasty gherkins of medium maturity bring a rich harvest. They have strong immunity to various fungal diseases.
Being a universal variety, they are suitable for fresh and canned consumption.
Farmers appreciate this mid-early variety for their unpretentiousness and friendly return of the crop. Elastic fruits with a pleasant taste reach 12-13 cm in length.
A friendly family is rarely sick. Good products for preservation and salting. Of the shortcomings - quite late.
The Dutch hybrid is considered one of the best of its kind. Medium-sized fruits ripen for about 6-7 weeks. Cucumber cucumbers can be harvested by gherkins or large specimens. German is famous for its resistance to fruit diseases and before the attacks of insect pests. To accelerate ripening, you can spray the soil with a harmless solution.
Among other things, there is a universal variety of cucumbers that can be planted in both open and closed soil. This is the black Ant, Claudius F1, Prince of the Urals, Zyatek and others.
Planting and growing
Not too demanding self-pollinated varieties still need to comply with a number of rules in the process of planting and further care of seedlings. When planting seeds in open ground, from which a crop has already been harvested, dig the ground. It is recommended to loosen it and saturate it with fertilizers like humus, manure, barn. Level the surface layer on the strip with a rake.
Select seeds carefully. Low-quality filter out. Immediately before planting self-pollinated seeds in open ground, moisten them in mineral fertilizer and dry them.
It is advisable to plant seedlings in the soil in pots with peat filler, covering the film for 4-5 days. When caring for self-pollinating cucumbers, do not forget about watering, top dressing, and weeding.
Choosing the way to grow this type of cucumber in open soil, you make a reasonable decision. Sowing such fruits with relatively little effort gives good results in the form of a prolific, early harvest.
Which of the proposed options to choose is a personal matter for each breeder. Give preference to those plants that will be beneficial specifically for your climatic conditions.