Popular varieties of milkweed
There are more than 2000 varieties of milkweed, ranging from indoor and ending with garden plants. Euphorbia, or euphorbia, is a type of plant that can store a large supply of water in its tissues. It is also known as succulent, and 25% of the species can be found in the vastness of the African continent. Inside each milkweed variety contains milky juice, in the structure - toxic substances. This is the main reason why when working with milkweed you have to wear protective gloves.
Popular varieties of milkweed
Some African species are used in medicine or for hunting. The juice of the plant contains toxic substances that local hunters infiltrate the arrowheads with. In medicine, this juice is used in the treatment of kidneys or from bites of rabid dogs. It can also replace laxative, analgesic or anthelmintic.
Indoor euphorbia is able to boast of useful properties. For example, the euphorbia can be used to scare away moths and rodents. Some species are used in perfumes, as there are a number of varieties with a pleasant smell. Thanks to the healing qualities, the plant is also used to create whitening creams or lotions from freckles.
There are species that, with proper processing and cooking, can be eaten, feed them livestock. There are also milkweed for indoor use. If desired, almost all species can be easily grown in houses or apartments, especially milkweed from Africa are suitable for this.
With proper care, indoor spurge and its species grow strong, with good vegetation, similar to small copies of wild plants.
Euphorbia Mirsinites, Mountaineer, or Euphorbia Myrtifolia, Euphorbia Purpurea, Euphorbia Zhigulevsky and Poinsettia is very suitable for landscape compositions.
Medicinal varieties are very popular, although many people seem to take them for a weed. If you grow these species in a garden, they are not afraid even of wintering, because during the cold weather they can be transferred to the room. Similar varieties include:
- Honey plant;
The most beautiful evergreen variety of milkweed Akalifa grows in the form of a low shrub. It is used as a decorative decoration. The leaves of the flower grow small, with small denticles and an egg-like shape. Akalifa is also called a foxtail, since it has beautiful, lush, bright red flowers that gather in spike-like inflorescences.
Euphorbia Akalifa blooms from March to late autumn, so you can enjoy a beautiful sight for six months. Inflorescences can be up to 25-30 pieces.
The flower must often be watered and fed, protected from a large amount of light. Reproduction is carried out by cuttings.
The Akalifa variety can be planted next to Segier, Grant's Sinadenium (Sinadeum) and Waldstein's milkweed.
Euphorbia tropical Bupleurumifolia - one of the rarest species in nature. It grows in the form of a shrub reaching a height of up to 20 cm, and a diameter of up to 5 cm. A lot of tubercles are located on the stem, reaching 2-3 mm in height. They can be found throughout the stalk and on the branches in the form of a spiral.
Leaves sprout at the very top. Flowers also grow on it. They grow in a bunch and gather in complex inflorescences. In winter, this kind of milkweed can not be watered at all. It reproduces only with the help of seeds.
This tropical variety looks good in the company of milkweed Mirsinite.
Planting such a species from the family of euphorbiaceae is simple, even a beginner grower will cope with it.
The plant reaches 12 m in height
Canary euphorbia belongs to the highest representatives of the family euphorbia. At first, his needles look intimidating, but soon the variety becomes a favorite among gardeners.
The tree grows about 12 m in length. Its branches have 4-5 ribs and reach a diameter of 5 cm. There are many small tubercles on the ribs, as well as small spines that grow by 0.5 cm. The leaves are rudimentary, located under the tubercles.
Canary euphorbia can be kept at home without problems or grown for the garden. Reproduction is best done by cuttings or seeds.
Euphorbia jellyfish head
Euphorbia The head of a jellyfish is an amazing plant. Its stems grow upwards, on them there are many branches diverging in different directions. It has an unusual, attractive and extraordinary appearance, and therefore is popular with plant growers. If you leave it in limbo and in a pot, the branches will hang down, creating the effect of tentacles, like a real jellyfish. This property gave the milkweed a name.
A jellyfish head does not require a lot of light. The plant feels good both in the dark and in bright light.
In summer, at a temperature of 25 ° C, watering should be carried out regularly. The same care rules apply to the Early Snow varieties. If you often water the plant in winter, the flower will rot.
Euphorbia Cereus (cereiformis) has the form of a shrub. It has straight branches that can have up to 15 ribs. The ribs are narrow, with small tubercles and small indentations. Spines grow up to 2 cm and become gray. There are also small leaves up to 3 mm in height, which quickly dry out, but can remain on the plant for several years. This euphorbia received its name for its external resemblance to a cactus.
The plant prefers bright rooms, but it should be protected from direct sunlight. When a burn is received, the plant is restored, but it leaves an unpleasant trace, spoiling the aesthetics of the appearance.
The plant needs regular watering. The following should be carried out only after the topsoil has dried.
Large root variety
The large-root euphorbia has a rather remarkable appearance. Its main feature is the large and large root, which serves as the main trunk. At the top, ribbed greenish branches with light stains grow. Each branch has 3-4 ribs. They, in turn, are separated by deep grooves, which allows the formation of individual segments.
Along the perimeter of the rib are tubercles having double needles. They are wavy and have a continuous gray horn edge. Leaves are almost invisible, they are rudimentary. The variety has an extraordinary appearance and is somewhat similar to bonsai. It is often used as a decoration. Care for this variety should be the same as for similar varieties.
Bluish and Cypress Euphorbia
Cypress variety can be grown in the country
The bluish euphorbia under natural conditions of residence grows greatly, as it propagates vegetatively and with the help of rhizomes. It got its name due to its dark green shade with a bluish wax coating.
This euphorbia grows to 1.5 m in height. It has erect stems, about 5 cm in diameter. Each branch has 4-6 ribs. The leaves are absent, instead of them there are strong spines growing up to 12 mm and having a dark brown hue.
The flower should be removed from bright sunlight and their frequent contact with delicate milkweed tissues. In summer, it should be moderately watered, but in winter this should not be done.
Cypress euphorbia - flowering plant. It is mainly used in gardening technology along with varieties of milkweed Almond-shaped (Ascot), Volinsky and Cereal. Cypress variety grows to large sizes only in nature. It has straight branches with small leaves. The top of the plant is decorated with flowers. Its color is yellow, green or reddish. This euphorbia can be grown both in a room and in a summer cottage as a garden culture, but in winter it should be covered.
Griffith Dexter Euphorbia
Euphorbia dexter grows in the Himalayas or in China. It is used by gardeners to decorate flower beds. It is grown as a perennial plant. With proper care, the plant reaches about 1 m in length.
The leaves have a dull green color, a scarlet flower. The flower is mainly used in landscape design. It can also be used to create compositions with ferns. It is best to plant such a variety on the east side, where there is no shadow and strong sun. Watering is recommended moderate, reproduction is carried out by dividing the bush.
Prickly Euphorbia and Candelabrum
The prickly variety grows in the form of a bush and reaches 1 m in height. It has an erect stem, capable of reaching up to 5 cm in diameter. It has blunt ribs. A feature of the plant is its beautiful white-gray spines, growing up to 2 cm, they have dark tips. Euphorbia also has rudimentary leaves. It is grown as a cactus. It grows well in moderate sunlight.
Candelabrum euphorbia grows in Somalia and Ethiopia. In the wild, the height of this tree reaches 10 m. It is a succulent, whose branches are in the form of a candelabrum. In African medicine, such a plant was used as a remedy for constipation.
Enopal Euphorbia is a bit like Trigon. Enopla is famous for its pronounced spines, which have a hue from pink to burgundy. They grow up to 5 cm long and acquire a reddish hue, and then eventually change their color to gray. In nature, such an euphorbia can grow up to 1 m in height.
It has erect and ribbed stems. Each branch has 5–9 ribs. It can be easily grown, as it feels good in any light. It should be watered moderately, sometimes fed. He also needs loose soil or drainage for successful growth. Reproduction occurs using cuttings.
Euphorbia Pallas (Fisher)
This euphorbia is scientifically called the euphorbia of Fischer or Pallas, popularly referred to as the “root man”. This is a perennial plant with some healing substances. It contains lactones that have an antibacterial and antitumor effect. When used correctly, health can be improved. Thanks to him, many people are cured of various diseases.
Outwardly, he resembles a man, you can meet him in the wild on the banks of the river or in the meadows. Some gardeners seem to take it for a weed.
With proper care, the plant will bloom
Spherical euphorbia is a low plant. Its height is a maximum of 7 cm, but at the same time it has quite wide stems. Their width can reach 50 cm. The main stem, from which all the branches go, sprouts from a very powerful root. This euphorbia got its name, thanks to sprig-shaped branches. It has flat tubercles, the leaves grow only 2-3 mm, and then fall.
In order for this plant to grow well and have flowers that bloom on the tops of the stems, it is necessary to conduct proper care. It should be grown in dim light and on drainage. In the summer, it should be moderately and regularly watered, as well as fed. In winter, watering should be discarded.
The plant has branches of 3 ribs, which are separated by deep grooves. Each rib is wavy and round, has a grayish tint at the edges. The rudimentary leaves are practically invisible. Indoor grows to the ceiling.
It should be watered from March to September, in winter this is not necessary. Large euphorbia needs moderate sunlight. Reproduction can be carried out during the period of active growth using cuttings. If the goal is to grow at home, the flower will bloom less than its direct relative from the wild.
Coarse-eared and bristled spurge
Coarse-eared euphorbia is another representative of its family, capable of reaching truly large sizes. Its height is 16 m. The tree has ribbed branches with three faces. Their diameter can be up to 1.5 cm. At the edges of the ribs double spines grow up to 6 mm high, there are also deep notches there. Leaves in milkweed grow scaly.
In nature, bristle spurge can grow up to 1 m in height. It has wide and cylindrical stems, reaching a diameter of 15 cm. They are covered with many spines located on the ribs. The ribs are separated by deep grooves. At home, it grows much smaller and not so intimidating. In winter, it should be watered less often than in summer. Its appearance resembles a cactus. For good growth, the plant needs diffused sunlight.
Milk Euphorbia, or Milkweed, is distinguished by milky-white coloring. In nature, it occurs in the form of a bush or tree. It has branches with white stripes of 3-4 ribs. Also on its branches grow double strips up to 5 mm high. Most often it is used for domestic purposes to give a decorative twist. It is suitable for landscape design.
Such an euphorbia grows well in any light, during the period of active growth propagated by cuttings. It should be watered moderately and regularly, especially in the summer. You need to feed strictly according to the schedule, using drainage or loose earth.
The palm-shaped Leukoner variety is quite popular in Russia and looks like a palm. White-eared Euphorbia grows with a juicy ribbed stem and can reach a height of up to 1.5 meters. Often it is direct, but sometimes there are branches. After growth, it can take the form of a candelabrum. The stalk is higher, the thicker. All ribs on the main stem are covered with scales. At the very top of the plant, leaves are formed with white veins.
At home, such an euphorbia can bloom and multiply by seeds.
When independently cultivating the Coloniform type of milkweed, they usually forget that the stem first grows, and only then becomes thicker. If you do not follow this, the plant may fall. Also, it should not be too wet. You should carefully adhere to the watering regime, since the White-eared Euphorbia is very sensitive to watering.
It always has many branches. It has erect branches, each of which has from 3 to 8 ribs. On the ribs there are tubercles from which small and narrow leaflets grow. The plant is considered decorative. It should be often watered and fed in the summer. In winter, watering is noticeably reduced.
The plant must be grown in low light, protecting from direct exposure to the sun. At the peak of solar activity, you can put the plant on the other side. When the mode fails, the leaves quickly fall off.
Papillary (Fringed) Euphorbia
The papillary euphorbia grows in the form of a small shrub up to 20 cm high. Each branch is cylindrical and in diameter can reach up to 6 cm. Lonely spines of gray color up to 1 cm long also grow on them. Such an euphorbia is perfect for decoration. When it blooms, it acquires new colors, it is almost impossible to take your eyes off it.
Reproduction occurs using cuttings. The picky variety is suitable for beginner growers. It grows in any light and responds positively to irrigation and fertilizer. It should be grown on drainage or loose soil.
Melon Euphorbia and False Cactus
Milkweed must be looked after correctly
Melon euphorbia has a small growth: in height it reaches only 10 cm. Such a plant is a rarity, you can hardly see it in nature. This flower is grown indoors. For the plant, it is necessary to use drainage or loose soil, through which water easily seeps. It should be watered moderately in the summer, in winter it should be done much less often so that the euphorbia does not wilt. Propagate it with seeds or with the help of cuttings.
False cactus is an unusual and spectacular plant, which is a type of milkweed. It can grow up to 1 m in height. Its branches have 3-5 ribs, unevenly scattered across the body. Double spines also grow, reaching a length of up to 1 cm. To properly maintain them, the euphorbia should not be watered frequently. Also, the plant should be provided with diffused sunlight.
Euphorbia Mile, brilliant or sparkling, is one of the most beautiful species of its family. It has spiky stems, and long leaves with beautiful flowers of bright color sprout on top. Flowering can be yellow, red or white.
The plant begins to bloom when it grows to 25 cm. It should be fed and watered in the summer, but in winter it is recommended to keep it dry and at a temperature of 15 ° C. It can be propagated by seeds or cuttings.
Greasy and many-thorned euphorbia
Fat euphorbia grows only 12 cm in height, and in diameter can have up to 8 cm. His body has several stripes and weakly pronounced ribs. He has no thorns, single flowers. It looks especially beautiful in combination with a variety such as Rubber-bearing Euphorbia varieties Turukali (bush stick). For effective cultivation requires high-quality drainage. He likes sunlight and regular watering in the summer.
Another variety is Mnogokolyuchkovy. Это невысокое растение, имеющее много ветвей. Каждая ветвь обладает 4-5 ребрами диаметром до 2, 5 см, серо-зеленым цветом и разделением на сегменты. Также на нем растут колючки до 8 мм в длину. Выращивать его следует при хорошем освещении и умеренном поливе. Размножение можно проводить при помощи черенков.
Садовые разновидности молочая
Молочай polychroma (полихрома) крупноцветковый, или bonfire, довольно распространен как садовая культура. К садовым разновидностям также относится молочай Разнолистный, или Многоцветковый. В эту группу можно добавить и такие сорта, как молочай Желтеющий, Огородный, Уличный, Луговой, Приземистый, Гриффита, Степной, Дикий, Невеста и Солнцегляд. Многоцветковые сорта представляют собой садовое многолетнее растение.
В зимний период все перечисленные сорта требуют укрытия и не могут выращиваться в открытом грунте круглый год.
В летнее время для сооружения цветочных композиций можно использовать разновидности Бонфайр и Мирсинитес.
Многогранный молочай вырастает невысоким, способен достигать 50-60 см. На своей родине некоторое время может обходиться без полива. Обычно эту разновидность высаживают в вазон. Каждая ветвь имеет цилиндрическую, шаровидную и сочную форму с большим количеством ребер. Их количество может достигать 20.
Такой молочай способен цвести. Его можно выращивать в домашних условиях. Почву лучше всего приобретать для кактусов или молочаев суккулентов. Посадка такого растения не сложна.
Пестролистный сорт часто путают с Алтайским молочаем. Он считается многолетним растением. Его выращивают в вазоне как садовую культуру вместе с разновидностью Золотистый (Блестящий), Полевой, Болотный или Обыкновенный молочай. Размножение проводят с помощью черенков или делением куста.
Эта разновидность растения прекрасно смотрится в ландшафтном дизайне. Садоводы выращивают ее вместе с другими сортами или делают композиции.
Пестролистный сорт красиво смотрится с Китайским, Длиннорогим и Миндальным. Его можно выращивать рядом с таким цветком, как Пуансеттия, они прекрасно дополнят друг друга. Высаживать растение нужно так, чтобы солнышко попадало на листья цветка.