Popular varieties of ficus
Such a plant as ficus is known to every lover of indoor flowers. It belongs to the mulberry family and is presented in the form of trees and shrubs. The presence of green or two-color leaves depends on the type of ficus, and each small flower occupies a simplified perianth. Some species of ficuses reach a height of 40 m with a diameter of 5 m. Despite the fact that there are about 1000 varieties, indoor flowers are represented in much smaller numbers.
Popular varieties of ficus
Varieties of Ficus are a fairly long list, each of them has certain features. What names are most common?
Rubber-bearing ficus is considered the most famous and rather unpretentious plant, and therefore it is often grown at home. It is distinguished by elliptical leaves with pointed ends, as well as a light green crown with straight grooves. When in a humid room, air roots may appear.
This ficus is represented by several varieties that differ in color. So, to determine the “Black Prince”, you need to look at the sheet: if it is black, there will be no questions. The Doecherry variety has pink blotches and a burgundy vein that separates the leaf, while the Variegat has attractive green leaves with beige trim. Variety Robusta, in addition to its large size, has glossy and bright green leaves.
Benjamin is a species of ficus, represented by an evergreen tree, reaching a height of 15-25 m. When growing a tree at home, it is real to see how it overcomes the 3 m mark. A distinctive feature of the variety is a beige branched crown, having the correct shape and elongated leaves, painted as in one or two colors, and also be in the form of an egg, oval and spiral. The tree has a very dense crown, which often covers the trunk with itself - pruning is necessary for its formation.
Caring for ficus is not difficult and can be performed by any beginner. Despite the fact that the species does not have large leaves and specific forms, it needs special attention, otherwise there is a likelihood of early leaf fall and Benjamin's baldness.
Being in a natural setting, the plant occupies a site with high humidity, where there is no bright light and dry air, therefore, regular spraying is necessary. To increase the humidity of the apartment, you should use special modern air humidifiers. If baldness cannot be avoided, try to find the cause of the problem. It could be:
- a prolonged period of acclimatization of culture to unusual conditions for it;
- the use of too cold water for irrigation;
- insufficient lighting;
- being in an uncomfortable temperature;
- the presence of constant drafts and other climatic differences;
- dry air in the apartment;
- too or insufficiently moistened soil.
If one of the factors is present, it is likely that the plant will worsen, therefore it must be provided with a bright area, protected from direct sunlight and wind. Leaves should be sprayed, and the soil should be watered constantly. Additional care measures are loosening and annual transplanting.
Glumose and Creeping Ficus
The variety Glumoza, less common in the CIS, has rather bright and oblong-oval green leaves. The height of the tree can reach 20 meters.
Plants must be looked after
Even the exquisite names are not the fact that young species need an annual transplant, while already mature ficuses are transplanted only once every few years. A transplant is required, because it is important to renew the acidified and settled soil. The procedure will require the acquisition of neutral / slightly acidic soil for the respective crops. Young crops require a special mixture, which is prepared using sheet soil, sand and peat in equal quantities. The soil for mature trees should be more dense, for which it is diluted with humus and sod ground.
Ficus Creeping is represented by a creeping-type mini-bush. The plant has long stems with additional roots. The green color of the heart-shaped leaf is decorated with yellow mesh patterns. The flower has suction cups, thanks to which it is attached to trees and supports. His lifestyle can be judged from the name.
When cultivating and transplanting crops, you should remember the importance of pre-irrigation. Speaking about the pot, it is worth giving preference to options that exceed the size of the previous container by several centimeters. The tank is filled with drainage, after which the soil is used. As soon as the plant is pulled out of the old pot, it is fixed in one of the new containers along with a lump of earth. The last stage is powdering with soil.
Carika / fig tree is a species of indoor ficus. It is small in size and has a sprawling crown. The plant has a brownish-grayish trunk with serrated leaves, each of which is decorated with light veins. If you take care of the plant at home correctly, fruiting will not take long.
Despite the nondescript nature of the flowers, the fruits are similar to spherical fruit. The best choice for propagation will be cuttings, to get it in the spring, an shoot with several leaves is cut off. The bottom sheet is removed and the crack is washed. Next, the stalk is placed in a container with water or wet sand. The plant is sprayed and covered with any transparent container and left in a warm and shaded place, regularly airing. After the appearance of the roots and the beginning of growth, the stalk is planted in a container with the mixture.
Instead of the cuttings, some use a large sheet, and cut it with a heel. Having turned it into a tube, place the sheet in wet peat or sand. The support installed near the sheet to maintain a stable position is also important. The leaf is regularly sprayed and covered with a flask. During the rooting period, the stem is ventilated and periodically moistened. Once the roots have formed, you can transplant them into another small container. You need to choose a large pot after a significant outgrowth of the flower.
Ficus Rubiginosa and Pumila White
Varieties Rubiginosa differs in average volume and a red shoot, aerial roots stand out from it. The plant is characterized by the presence of bright pink pubescent buds. On large leaves, you can find several colors: from dark green to brown. To culture pleased with an attractive appearance, it is important to ensure:
- the location of the tree in a free and lighted area;
- protection from direct exposure to the sun;
- the location of small plants on the windowsill, directed to the west or north, for large choose the floor or stand near the window;
- space and freedom: no species, especially Rubiginosa, can be left in the back of the room in order to prevent growth retardation and dropping of leaves - in spring and summer it is better to place flowers on the balcony, in winter you need to take care of them taking into account additional lighting, because during this period the plants catastrophically lacking in light.
Ficus Pumila White is a dwarf type liana with elongated and creeping shoots. The shape of the sheets is oval-heart-shaped, although it is asymmetrical. The sheet is rough and wrinkled to the touch, it differs in a mesh pattern. The dwarf plant is similar to a carpet that grows to the soil with the help of numerous roots.
It is important to regularly water the ficus
It is important to monitor the regularity of watering, which directly depends on the room temperature and humidity in the room. Watering the culture is necessary only when the earthen mixture is completely dried from above.
If plant species such as Pumila White are watered too often, they will rot. Leaving involves monitoring the absence of excess water in the pan. In particularly dry times, the culture is bathed in a cold shower twice a month, wrapped with a waterproof film. If this is not possible, the varieties are alternately wiped with a damp and dry rag.
The lyre-shaped plant has large leaves painted in a light green shade. The shape of the young cultures is similar to the silhouette of a violin. The flower may have leaves 60 cm long and 30 cm wide. On each green leaf, one can see white specks and clearly defined veins. The length of the tree reaches 12 m. The care of the leaves consists in processing with an appropriate solution, so as not to lose saturated color. It is enough to mix a couple of tablespoons of mayonnaise in water and wipe the leaves with this mixture until all that is superfluous is removed.
It is important to provide plants with quality and regular care. Like any other living organism, a flower especially needs to receive fluid and light for proper development.
The variegated species of ficus is distinguished by leaf-shaped leaves covering branches. The shrub can reach a height of only 1 m and has a tree-type stem with leathery leaves. Despite their different shapes, the leaves are often covered with brown spots. The plant produces fruits in the form of berries, the use of which is strictly prohibited.
The most comfortable for the plant will be a temperature from 25 ° C to 30 ° C, and in winter - from 16 ° C to 21 ° C. Domestic species develop faster at room temperature. The only thing to fence off plants from is dry air produced by artificial heating. To do this, varicoloured ficus is sprayed with cool water a couple of times a day. If the culture is not properly cared for, the tree will easily be exposed to the negative effects of pests and infections.
Ficus species Melanie - Indonesian culture, characterized by an underdeveloped crown at a young age. The variety has aerial roots, leaves are painted in green.
To feed the species, you need to wait for the onset of summer. At this time, it is necessary to alternate organics with fertilizers of mineral type, making top dressing after 10 days. With the onset of frost, due to the lack of sufficient heat and lighting, one should not resort to fertilizers. You can improve the well-being of the variety with the help of tea leaves buried in the soil.
Ficus care at home is extremely important. Like all indoor species, ficus need the provision of good lighting, regular and appropriate watering, the right temperature. There are also special factors that should be considered when growing expensive and rare species.
The above ficus, the varieties of which have already been said, are the best home air purifiers.