Popular varieties of apple trees for the Leningrad region
New species and varieties of apple trees appear that have an improved set of qualities. Now in the gardens you can grow trees adapted to different environmental conditions. Currently, new varieties of apple trees for the Leningrad region, which is known for its unstable climate, have appeared.
Popular varieties of apple trees for the Leningrad region
Variety selection by maturity
Varieties that can be used for planting in the Leningrad region are distinguished by the maturity of the crop. The most popular autumn species. These are universal apple trees, because The usual fruit picking usually occurs in September - October. These include:
Summer varieties of columnar apple trees for the Leningrad region are very popular among gardeners. This is due to the fact that you can get the fruits until the first autumn frosts that can damage the crop.
Summer species include:
- Friendly - an early variety, can bear fruit already in late summer;
- Ostankino - will delight the fruits in early September;
- President - is considered the most precocious tree among all other columnar apple trees for the north-western regions. Its peculiarity lies in the fact that the crop can be obtained in the same year when it was planted;
- Medoc is an early variety. You can get the fruits in mid-August with proper care.
Winter zoned varieties of columnar apple trees are not so common. This is due to the fact that after October frosts very often develop in this region and a lot of rainfall occurs.
Therefore, for such a climate, very stable species are needed that will not die from a sudden frost. These apples include Arbat - a late variety, the fruiting of which may occur in late autumn.
The most delicious varieties
The description says that all colon-shaped varieties are of good quality fruit. Antey apples are large and juicy. Their peel is red with a small amount of green and yellow veins. The pulp is white, juicy, does not crumble. The taste is bright, moderately sweet.
Arbat differs from other varieties in the northwest in that its fruits are slightly flattened in shape. The color is a bit unusual. Specialists describe it as saffron. The fruits have a slight spray, like a tan, red or scarlet.
The apple tastes very rich, has a pronounced smell. The pulp is juicy, so this variety is great for making drinks.
Fruits of the Garland variety have a light shade. Their peel is usually pale green in color, with small patches of red or pink. The fruits are tasty and sweet, the pulp is hard and juicy.
Apple-tree Druzhnoye is a regionalized variety. They were originally bred for this region. So St. Petersburg will be able to boast a rich harvest of apples. These early varieties have large yellow fruits, sometimes with a greenish tint. Closer to fall, apples may acquire a slight orange blush.
The flesh of the fruit is juicy, it may be slightly acidic, but sweet enough.
Ostankino is a dwarf variety. It is convenient to grow in gardens where there is little space. Its specific feature is that the trunk has a large number of leaves. The fruits from this tree are quite large, sweet and tasty, have a green color. The pulp has a pronounced aroma.
Variety President - these are stunted trees with lots of fruits on it. The fruits are bright, greenish yellow, sometimes with a red coating. They have a pronounced aroma. The fruit tastes sweet.
The fruits from the apple-trees of the columnar varieties are very tasty
Medok belongs to the zoned varieties. They were specially created for adverse conditions in the northwest. The fruits from this tree are large, tasty and juicy, the flesh has a pleasant sweet and sour hue.
Wellsie is a special sort. Its description is different in that its fruits are very large, have an intense bright red skin color. The taste of pulp has a pronounced strawberry hue.
Each gardener from the Leningrad Region can choose for himself the variety whose fruits he will like.
Disease resistant varieties
When choosing a tree for growing in the northwest, it is necessary to take into account that the variety must be resistant not only to frost, but also to various diseases that can affect the culture. Breeders for a long time crossed varieties, ensuring that trees can withstand various ailments.
The most enduring species is Welsey. On its basis, breeders have improved many trees. Thanks to Welsey, more than 30 species of apple trees have appeared that may not be afraid of diseases. The most resistant variety to immune scab.
This disease is characterized by the appearance of dark spots of keratinization on the peel. This does not affect the taste of the fetus, but significantly impairs its appearance. If apples are grown for home use, then there is nothing to worry about. But, if they want to sell them, this can significantly reduce revenue.
Other varieties are resistant to this disease, but to a lesser extent: Zhukovka, Garland, President.
Fruiting may vary in timing. Early ripening varieties are called those whose fruits can be harvested after 2-5 years after planting. There are trees that need 7 or 8 years to do this, but they do not occur among the colony-shaped ones - this is a feature of their type.
There are varieties that can bear fruit in the same year that the planting occurred. Such a variety among the columnar apple trees is the President. Other crops of this type can begin to bear fruit only 2-3 years after planting in the ground.
Differs from all varieties of Welsey. Despite all its advantages, in order to get the first apples from it, it is necessary to wait from 4 to 5 years.
Some apple trees can bear fruit every year: President, Medok, Ostankino.
Wellsie can produce one crop every 2 years. Other species may bear fruit depending on the care and maintenance.
If the gardener does not prefer the speed and frequency of fruiting, but the size of the fruit, he should pay attention to varieties characterized by large apples. These include - Antei, Medoc, Ostankino, Welsey.
Planting columnar apple trees can be made 2 times a year - in autumn and spring. A feature of the procedure in spring is the choice of the moment when the buds have not yet blossomed.
This is because a tree needs a lot of energy to grow the root system well. This is impossible to achieve if he develops kidneys at that moment.
In the fall, planting is carried out when the foliage is already opal - this is a guarantee that the root system will take root in the ground. To apple trees are well established in the soil, it is better to use seedlings up to 1 year old. Younger trees will not survive the cold season, while older trees are more difficult to adapt.
The pit should be spacious enough. Its diameter is usually 50 cm, the depth should be the same. For planting a tree, it is better to use fertile soil. For columnar apple trees, soil with sand and clay is most suitable. If the characteristics of the earth are different, you can add these parts artificially.
Apple trees need sunlight
In order for a tree to please with beautiful fruits with a bright blush, it is necessary to plant it in gardens where there is a lot of sunlight. Without this, the fruits will be pale and dull, although this will not affect their taste.
Colon-shaped dwarf apple trees do not tolerate draft. It is better to place them where the winds are not particularly aggressive, especially from the north. It is necessary to ensure a sufficient supply of water from groundwater, but their level should be at least 2 m - otherwise there will be too much moisture and the roots will begin to rot by winter.
It is better to take quality winter undersized seedlings from trusted breeders in this region, so as not to accidentally plant a tree with diseases or pests.
For a landing to succeed, you must:
- plant quickly: the roots should not be in the open air for a long time - so they can dry out;
- the roots should be freely located in the prepared hole: do not bend or wring them;
- the ground to fill the pit should be soft and loose, without lumps;
- if the seedling is small, it is better to tie it to a small peg;
- immediately after planting in the northwest you need to water the apple tree with 2 buckets of water.
For convenience, you can plant trees in groups - summer and winter. Colon-shaped apple trees should not be planted alone. Between the trees there should be a distance of at least 0.5 m so that they do not interfere with each other during growth. If cropping is done, the distance can be made smaller.
Watering the columnar apple trees of this region is carried out regularly. For young trees in warm weather, one bucket of water is enough once every few days, but in conditions of drought, watering should be done much more often - once a day. With the onset of autumn, it is reduced and gradually stopped by winter.
The apple tree must be fed regularly - in spring and summer. In spring, fertilizer must be applied twice. Nitric drugs are the best choice. In summer, both top dressing is best done with urea.
You need to prune the tree when it reaches 3-4 years. Do it in the fall, closer to winter, when the leaves fall. Trimming should be gentle.
Every spring and autumn, the tree is treated from pests with special solutions to prepare for the period of flowering and fruiting.
Column-shaped apple trees are convenient for growing even in regions such as the Leningrad region. They tolerate frost well, are resistant to pests. They can be harvested a lot, although many of them are dwarf or stunted.
Caring for trees does not require special skills, just take care of watering on time. If you fulfill all the required conditions, the culture will delight you with a large number of fruits.