Popular dwarf chickens
Dwarf breeds of chickens are economically viable: due to their size, they eat little, but the quality of eggs and meat exceeds the characteristics of ordinary birds. Their price is most often equal to or less than other varieties. Therefore, keeping them is a pleasure.
Popular dwarf chickens
Description of Dwarf Rocks
The main goal of breeders has always been the breeding of poultry that are small in size, but at the same time not inferior in egg production and other characteristics. Consider the best breeds of dwarf chickens.
These birds recently appeared on Russian farmsteads, but have already managed to gain popularity.
The name shows the geography of their initial distribution: the first were bred in China for the imperial court.
The description of the Kokhinkhin breed shows that they are excellent for meat and egg breeding. Such layers have a long neck, a large belly and a powerful breast (adult chickens resemble puffy feathered balls in shape), a thick feather of a white or grayish tone, large eyes and prominent bright earrings and a comb.
Roosters reach a kilogram, and hens are about 200 grams lighter. They are phlegmatic, not prone to conflict (therefore, they easily get along in mixed houses or with representatives of other calm breeds).
Layers have a strong maternal instinct. This allows them to independently breed offspring and protect them from potential threats. An incubation egg can be bought for 200 or less Russian rubles, but a weekly chicken will cost 350 or more.
Phoenixes, distinguished by a long tail, were bred in the territory of the Ancient Celestial Empire. In Europe, they were rediscovered by crossing two Japanese birds called Onadori and Yokohama-Tosa.
The advantages of this breed are obvious. Due to the special genotype, formed due to isolated from other Japanese ancestors, they are not susceptible to molting and easily grow huge plumage. They have a bright color, a bottle-shaped body with a graceful neck, as well as a massive back of the carcass.
The rooster is much larger than the female and is admired due to the unusual plumage. No wonder the Phoenixes were given to the Chinese emperors.
Although the Phoenix belongs to the dwarf group, the weight of the rooster can reach 2.5 kg, while the hens weigh 20% lighter.
For industrial purposes, raising them is pointless: there is not much to get meat and egg products. Average egg production varies between 100 and 160 (depending on age and weight). Yes, and they almost do not want to raise chicks, you will need an incubator.
Eggs will cost 300 rubles, but a chicken older than six months cheaper than 4000 can not be found.
Shabo from ancient times was bred in Southeast Asia, Japan is read by their homeland. But at the moment, representatives have spread throughout Europe.
Cons of this breed: whimsicality (warmth is very important for her, birds die at low temperatures), is not intended for food, but for the joy of aristocrats.
The cockerels have a short back, small legs and thick plumage, a convex chest and a mundane body. The head is large and covered with a short red feather. Chickens are like roosters. But it should be noted: their crest is half smaller, and there are no sharp plait feathers in the tail.
The maternal instinct in hens is highly developed: they even raise alien chicks. Therefore, you do not need to buy an incubator. One gives 80 to 150 eggs per year, each weighs 30 g.
Another feature of the eastern breed is that it eats little. On the bird per day, no more than 60 g of food.
They are not expensive. It’s quite possible to buy adults for 500 rubles, even in a region unsuitable for agriculture. Eggs cost up to 300 rubles.
As the name implies, the bird was bred in the distant and warm Malaysia.
In Eurasia and North America, the population of Malaysian seram is incredibly small. This is due to the fact that hens do not tolerate climatic changes and stress from transportation.
Seram is considered the smallest of all recorded breeds of scientists. It is easy to recognize by its appearance: it has an elongated rounded body with a wide flattened back, low landing and the ability to fly, phenomenal for other representatives of the species. The shape of the tail resembles a peacock.
The weight of adult birds does not exceed 300 g, so you should not expect that they will be able to bring big profits. Laying gives about 60 eggs in 12 months, the weight of each does not exceed 30 g.
As experienced farmers say, these hens are only suitable for true fans of their field. Indeed (although in size it barely overtakes pigeons) their meat is considered dietary and one of the most delicious.
Adult hens cost at least 3, 500. Given the size, it is very expensive.
Chinese (in another version, Japanese or Indian) Bentamki chickens are energetic, freedom-loving and even pugnacious.
It was these qualities that made them a great breed for eastern cockfights. But the temper does not prevent them from conquering the farmers' market. And all thanks to industrial specifications. Selection allowed the Bentamks to become a little calmer, but they can still be called the most fussy of all the mini chickens.
The contribution to their current popularity was made by history: earlier, the purchase of this breed was considered a sign of financial prosperity. They have a rounded body, a thick motley plumage and vertical tails, a small head. These are real reference chickens from pictures.
Roosters grow to 600 g, and hens weigh only 450-650 g. On average, laying hens give 90 to 130 testicles in 12 months.
Egg weight is small: 40-45 g (for mini hens it can be called normal). They taste superior to standard ones. Particularly pleasant characteristics are demonstrated by eggs of hens that live in enclosures. They have a dense protein, uniform color and low cholesterol.
550 rubles will have to be paid for a bird, and about 200 rubles or more for eggs.
Hamburg called recognizable mini chickens with a marble color, who came from (surprisingly) the Netherlands in the distant 1740. They were transported to other points of Eurasia through the port of Hamburg, which led to an unusual name.
The birds have a small head, a serrated scarlet crest, a short beak, large wings, a stomach and a back, as well as long legs and a long tail.
They quickly adapt to any conditions, have phenomenal immunity for small breeds and are resistant to cold. Such qualities make them the most popular.
The color standard is the same: a white body with black spots and a red comb. But the sizes vary depending on the size of the bird. Large males weigh 2.5 kg, and massive females grow up to 2 kg.
Miniature hamburgs will weigh 700 and 600 g respectively. Breeders appreciate the high decorativeness of Hamburg chickens, as well as their ability to rush all year. Laying gives up to 250 eggs in the first year.
For the price: eggs will cost 300 rubles, and broilers at 5000 rubles.
So called mini chickens from England of the XIX century. They differ from other dwarfs with wings lowered almost to the ground, weakly adjacent to the body.
They have a small head, which is well emphasized by the red comb and beard. The little rooster looks touching, but, strangely, incredibly pugnacious. Layers also have a nasty disposition, they have almost no maternal instinct.
Seabright is definitely worth buying for the quality of meat: it tastes like partridge fillet. Chickens are difficult to grow, which affects the market price of birds. An egg costs from 200 rubles, while grown individuals will cost 500 rubles.
This bird, which appeared in Austria or Germany, has a very standard appearance, but absolutely featherless sinewy neck. It scares many breeders.
But the other characteristics of this breed are encouraging. They are resistant to frost and temperature spikes, hardy, unpretentious and not prone to overeating.
For a year, a miniature bird (weight reaches 800 g - for roosters and 700 - for hens) gives at least 120 eggs. The weight of each reaches 30 g.
Galosheyka is little bred in large farms, but private traders are happy to buy it. With luck, weekly chickens can be purchased for just 50 rubles.
One of the massive hens is Welsumer.
The external requirements for this Dutch chicken are strict: it should have a uniform red-partridge color (gold and silver are acceptable in our country), a black tail with low tides, yellowish muscular legs and a large comb, beard.
Adults weigh from 2.5 to 2 kg, dwarfs - up to 1 kg. Productivity: 60 eggs per year, and dwarf chickens carry up to 180 eggs.
This breed is considered the most successful for growing on the farm. The birds are calm, but incredibly curious, the chicken will cost 230 rubles.
Chickens do not have very high egg production
It is not known for certain where the white-headed chicken came from. In Russia it is called Dutch, and throughout the rest of Europe it is called Polish. Be that as it may, any farm will be greatly enriched if it pays attention to this breed.
Dwarf white-crested animals are distinguished by a massive white crest on their heads, which rests on feathers growing in different directions, as well as a black body. They are taut, have a straight flat back, persistent, but miniature paws. High decorativeness led to the fact that breeders developed a crest, but vision began to suffer in chickens. This vice does not prevent them from being energetic and nimble.
Birds weigh about 2.5 kg when it comes to males. Layers are a little lighter, their weight is 2-1.5 kg.
The dwarf version of the breed weighs significantly less: roosters grow up to 850 g, but hens total up to 740 g.
Egg productivity is poor. From a laying hen you will receive no more than 140 eggs per year, but each weighs about 50 g. But the incredibly aesthetic appearance makes people pay 150 rubles for eggs and 300 rubles for seven-day-old chickens.
Conditions of detention
Dwarf breeds take root well at farm and at home. But in order to increase the quality of meat and the number of eggs, it is necessary to properly contain chickens from a young age.
They need to be lodged in a chicken coop made of brick, stone or wood (but the first two materials are better to avoid potential fires). It is better to start with the creation of a wooden foundation (hens are sensitive to cold, concrete will not work).
Next, it is worth erecting the walls of the outbuilding. Windows are located at a distance of 0.6 m from the floor. Great attention is required when installing a ventilation system: it should keep the air relatively fresh, but at the same time not overcool the room.
Fans and exhaust pipes are considered optimal. High-quality artificial lighting is also required. The most acceptable for the eyes of chickens is a warm yellow light.
Inside you need to arrange boxes or baskets for nests. They must be placed on the floor, because it is difficult for small birds to fly. Also, for the safe growing of chickens, a walking area is required. It is worth installing it right next to the house, as well as providing small openings for free exit.
The site is fenced with a metal mesh, and the most successful coating for it is considered to be lawn smooth grass. She will not rub the paws of the bird, and will also provide her with pasture.
Feeding and care
Vitamins (especially vitamin E, which is found in oats and barley), protein (found in herbal flour, nutshells, chalk or chopped gravel) and rapidly digestible protein should be present in the birds ’diet, so yeast is added to food.
Most of the menu is taken up by juicy plant foods: chopped carrots, gherkins or cabbage.
It is important to avoid drafts so that the livestock does not freeze. The fact is that chickens of dwarf breeds are poorly resistant to diseases, therefore at low temperatures they run the risk of catching a cold. In winter, it is worth laying a thick litter of chopped straw on the chicken coop floor, the main thing is to remember to loosen the floor litter (this is due to the fact that food residues and feces accumulate in the straw).
The bird is sensitive to the quality of light. Lack of lighting leads to lower fertility. Daylight hours in the house should last at least 15 hours.
Subtleties of breeding
- First, straw is laid on the floor, perches are created and the quality of lighting in the chicken coop is checked. The nesting place should be clean and not shaded;
- If you are not sure that the chickens will be sitting on clutches, it is worth thinking about purchasing an incubator. Remember that once every 240 minutes the eggs need to be turned over;
- Chicks from the incubator are demanding of living conditions. The temperature should reach 30 degrees. You can use a towel wrapped in a towel;
- The nutrition of the chicks lays the foundation for their fertility. Therefore, actively supply the chicks with protein. It is found in boiled eggs, kefir and cottage cheese. Vitamins are concentrated in chopped nettles, bone meal.