Popular breeds of pigeons

Many poultry farmers are keen on breeding pigeons. This bird has long been next to humans. The winged ones served as the first postmen, the forerunners of a thunderstorm, good and bad events in life, but people who are not superstitious hold pigeons for the sake of participating in sports, getting aesthetic pleasure from watching birds or for meat. Consider which breeds of pigeons are popular today.

Pigeon Breeds

Species of pigeons

All breeds of birds, depending on their orientation, are divided into 4 large groups:

  • sports or postal;
  • flight;
  • decorative;
  • meat.

Some poultry farmers single out another group called wild pigeons. It is them we most often see on the street. We will not dwell on wild pigeons. We will only say that the most numerous breed of wild pigeons is sisar. This bird has gray, white and bluish tones in its color. The tail is usually a tone or two darker than the color of the back, and the plumage on the chest is light shades. Less common are the wild pigeons of the clintukh, crowned and swirl breeds. The color unites all representatives of wild breeds, and wild pigeons differ slightly in size from each other. Despite the fact that wild pigeons at first glance look inconspicuous, we should not forget that they were the progenitors of all the breeds that exist today. However, today wild pigeons are used by scientists to breed new species.

Sports or postal depths

Already from the name it is clear that these birds are somehow related to sports. And indeed it is. Pigeons of sporting breeds systematically take part in competitions held in different species. Poultry farmers from all over the world come to such competitions, and exhausting training precedes the competition.

Not every pigeon can be trained: the bird must have a tendency to be able to travel long distances. It is this ability that breeders improve when breeding sports breeds.

Today, the sports capital of the world is Belgium. It is there that the largest number of sports among birds is held.

Belgian birds

Birds of this breed take almost all awards in sports, so it is with this breed that we begin the review. As for the appearance, the bird is quite ordinary, but the appearance is absolutely not important for the athlete. The flyer is valued for other qualities: for the ability to fly at high speed and navigate in space.

As for speed records, the Belgian pigeons are champions. Some birds develop a speed of 100 km / h. It is also worth noting that Belgian pigeons are able to cover distances of 1, 100 km.

In addition to high-speed records, Belgian birds surprise with their value. For some representatives, people agree to pay hundreds of thousands of dollars. So, for example, the dove, which is called Bolt, was sold for almost $ 400, 000. Given that Usain Bolt, after whom the bird was named, is the Olympic champion in sprint, the bird holds great promise.

The Belgian or, as it is also called, the Antwerp breed of pigeons attracts attention not only with its flying qualities, but also with its appearance. Representatives of the breed have a not very long tail, on which wide feathers are located, and a fairly wide chest. This body structure allows you to quickly gain speed during the flight. We should also say about plumage. The color of the Belgian pigeon varies from light gray to blue. Feathers resemble silk to the touch. The color of the wings is usually a tone lighter than the color of the body.

German pigeons

Tried to get an excellent flyer and breeders from Germany. The result of their painstaking work was the German birds, which are not only good flyers, but also have an attractive appearance. When breeding, birds of the Antwerp breed and English were used.

The first fruits of the work did not give the expected results: the resulting birds looked more like decorative birds, and the flying qualities left much to be desired, but in the end, scientists achieved what they wanted.

The birds of German breed have a long neck, a small head and a fairly wide and short beak. The bird itself looks compact: long legs, like a short tail, give grace. There are representatives of the breed of a wide variety of colors, from white to red.

English careers

Pigeons of this breed at first glance look like decorative ones. Near the eyes of the English birds there are skin folds that lie slightly on the long beak narrowed towards the end, but the flying qualities allow us to rank the birds as sports pigeons.

It should be noted that the English quarry has a powerful body, which allows it to quickly gain acceleration during the flight. The length of the beak is 4-5 cm. On the head of small size, large eyes are located, which are, as it were, encircled by a beige-yellow pencil. On long legs there is no plumage. Pigeons breed English quarry can be painted in a wide variety of colors. There are representatives of the breed of two-tone color.

Czech

Pigeon growers value this breed not so much for their flying qualities, but for their loyalty. Czechs are a sports breed. In addition to being easy to maintain and maintain, they are easy to train. Pigeon breeders also note the bird's resistance to all kinds of diseases.

Czech pigeons are well built. On the long neck is a small head with expressive large eyes. The body is muscular, which allows you to develop high speed during the flight. A distinctive feature of the representatives of this breed is a short tail, which hardly protrudes beyond the line of the hull. The color is predominantly white. There are gray belts on the tail and wings.

The postal variety of pigeons is the most expensive in the world. Chicks with good genetics are sometimes hundreds of thousands of dollars.

Flying pigeons

Unlike sports, flying pigeons are not valued for their flight speed, but for their ability to navigate in the air. Despite the wide variety of breeds of pigeons in the sports field, flying birds were used to send mail. They always deliver mail to the desired address and return home. In addition to the ability to navigate perfectly in space, pigeons of flying rocks are able to overcome huge distances.

Inside this variety of pigeons, there is another classification, which is based on the style of summer. So, for example, secrete high-flying breeds of pigeons that are in the air for about 10 hours. They fly up to the sky describing circles of different radii. Race breeds during climb also describe circles, but, moving to a new round, they make somersault through the wing. Poultry farmers especially like to watch live pigeons that tumble in the air not only through the wing, but also through the tail. Feathered combat flip-flops can do in different directions.

We will not talk about how the birds manage to find the addressee and the way back without using either a map or atlas. Specialists who teach them these skills are involved with thoroughbred pigeons. We will only say that the birds of this group clearly see all the details, which allows them to navigate in space. Consider which breeds of pigeons of this orientation are most popular.

Nikolaev feathered

We begin to consider flying pigeons with this breed, as it is most popular among bird lovers. The name of the birds corresponds to the name of the city in which work was done to create the breed. These feathered high-flying. Nikolaev pigeons are gaining height, moving in a straight line, but it is not the manner of summer, which has no specific features, that draws attention, but the outline of a bird in the air, the movement of its large wings.

As for the exterior, the birds have short legs, a small and neat head, on which medium-sized eyes are located, a short but muscular neck and a large body. In general, the dove is proportionate. There is a small skin fold near the beak.

Tehran feathered

Tehran or, as it is also called, the Persian pigeon belongs to the fighting. Despite its small size, in flight it makes loud noises. But the interest of pigeon breeders is due not only to the flight qualities of the pigeon breed, which the breeders managed to bring out, the exterior of the bird is also of importance.

A medium-sized body is folded proportionally. On the massive neck of medium length is the head of a rounded pigeon, uncharacteristic for pigeons, with a short beak, and a small crest that looks like a crown adorns the graceful head.

Persian pigeons have large wings, which are tightly pressed to the body and lie on the tail.

Hungarian high-flying

Another breed of flying pigeons, which is to the taste of poultry farmers. The people of the Hungarian high-flying birds are also called derish. This breed is popular. due to its unpretentiousness in content. When breeding, there are also almost never any difficulties.

Hungarian flyers are distinguished by a strong physique. There is no crest on a small head, the neck is long, large eyes, wide chest, tail are of medium length and legs are of the same average length. The small beak is black and the legs are red. Toenails, like the beak, are painted black.

In the color of birds there are gray and dark blue colors, blotches of green are visible on the neck, and black belts flaunt on the wings and tail. On the breast and back there are gray and ashen colors.

Rising into the air, the bird hovers there for several hours. Trained dervis can soar in the air for at least 5 hours. High in the sky, birds usually do not rise.

Andijan

When looking at Andijan pigeons, few doubt that these are decorative birds, but this is not so. Andijan pigeons belong to martial flight birds. At the same time, their summer style leaves no one indifferent, and the magnificent walk of these birds is worth a look. But first, let's talk about the exterior.

Andijan birds do not belong to large or medium breeds. Their body length is 35-40 cm. In flight, the wingspan reaches 0.7 m. The wings are decorated with feathers 8-10 cm long. The birds are decorated with eyes, the iris of which is painted in milky white color. Representatives with steel gray eyes are less appreciated. Eyelids to match the eyes are painted in bright colors, but here the palette is somewhat wider. Various shades of white, blue and light lilac are allowed.

On the head, which in its shape resembles an inverted bullet, a forelock flaunts. Sometimes the head of the birds is decorated with 2 forelocks. On the legs there is a fairly long plumage. The magnificent wings are loosely pressed to the body. The neck of medium length passes into a wide chest. As for the color of the feathers, about 60 of the most diverse colors are allowed by the breed standard.

As for flying qualities, birds fly for 6-8 hours in the sky. Some representatives of the breed fly for 10 hours without a break. Their summer style is fascinating. During the flight, they tumble, connecting the wings, resulting in a fairly loud sound. It is thanks to these sounds that the bird was assigned to the group of fighting animals. In addition to flying qualities, poultry farmers are attracted by the affection of these birds to the house, which simplifies their maintenance.

Chile

Representatives of the chili breed in Russia can be found infrequently. In other countries, this breed is generally unknown today. Before breeding this breed of pigeons, scientists wanted to get an excellent flyer with good exterior qualities. It turned out fighting pigeons, watching the flight of which is a pleasure. It is interesting that each bird in the first months of life develops an individual style, and it will be possible to find out what it will be only in time.

In content, this breed is unpretentious, which attracts many pigeon breeders. The color of the doves of chili is dominated by black. The head is usually painted white with black splashes. Sometimes the main color is dark purple.

Persians

Persians are a fighting breed of pigeons. Accordingly, birds are valued for their flying qualities, for the manner of summer. The Persians are not particularly sociable, so they prefer single flights. They rise high enough in the sky, and there they enjoy long flights. Sometimes a bird lingers in the sky for 10-11 hours.

The massive body of the Persians looks powerful. Wings are no less powerful in appearance, which accounts for the ability to make long flights. But, despite the powerful wings, the “battle” published during the flight barely reaches the ground. The feathers on the neck and head are slightly tousled. The head of some individuals is decorated with a small forelock. The color is predominantly white.

Bugulma is the birthplace of Bugulma (Chistopol) high-flying pigeons, which also have excellent flying qualities. It is also worth noting the flyers of the Kakheti battle breed.

Decorative pigeons

It is impossible to go past the pigeons of decorative rocks. The legs of these birds are decorated with “boots”, and the heads are decorated with withers. In addition to the unusual plumage, the color of the birds is sometimes surprising. Decorative breeds do not differ in good flying qualities, therefore they cannot take part in sports competitions, but exhibitions with them are held systematically.

Consider not only popular, but also rare breeds of decorative pigeons.

Jacobin

The second name for the Jacobin pigeons is wig pigeons. They got such a nickname due to the unusual shape of the feathers on their heads. But before proceeding to the description of the plumage of the Jacobin pigeons, consider the general characteristics of the exterior.

The bird is medium-sized, proportionately folded. The ribcage protrudes slightly, and the shoulders are slightly narrowed. The head has a rounded shape, a short beak is straight, the back is straight, the body is not wide, the tail of medium length is narrow. Long wings, clinging to the body, gently lie on the tail. Low legs are colored red, beak - cream. Eyes to match the beak are painted in cream color, although sometimes in feathered eyes are not cream, but pearl. The color of the eyelids is in harmony with the color of the eyes.

A distinctive feature of the Jacobin feathered breed is the presence of a crest and mane, or, in terms of special terms, sockets. The socket conditionally consists of 3 parts: hats, shirts and manes. These three parts should look like a whole. The longest feathers are located on a hat that has a rounded shape. The presence of acute forms is a violation of the breed standard. The Manishka covers the entire neck and descends to the chest. The plumage on the shirt-front is not as dense as on the hat, but also not rare. At the same time, those representatives of the breed who have the shirt-front descend as low as possible are more valued by specialists. The mane is curved, but there are no sharp forms.

Jacobins of the most diverse colors are found.

Dutysh

Pigeon breed Datysh belongs to the decorative group. A distinctive feature of these birds is the ability to inflate their goiter to incredible sizes. In photographs, sometimes it even looks unnatural. The birthplace of birds is Belgium. This breed of pigeons is not distinguished by flying qualities. It is valued solely for its specific appearance.

Nature's feathers are painted in a wide variety of colors: black, coffee, gray, etc. There are representatives who have boots on their feet, but there are birds with bare feet. Inside the breed there are subspecies that differ from each other in appearance. Some feathered legs are very short, while others are excessively elongated.

It is quite difficult to carry out caring for datys, since the bird is very temperamental and whimsical.

Bohemian space-footed magic swallow

These pigeons belong to decorative breeds. The space-swallow swallow can rightly be called one of the most beautiful birds. The birth of this breed is due to Czech scientists. Whatever breeds are used for crossbreeding, the result exceeded all expectations. The large bird has an amazing pattern on the wings, which is why it got its name. The main color of the plumage is white, the auxiliary can be black, chocolate or charcoal black. The pattern is clearly visible when the dove opens its wings. The color is also striking in that the pattern located on the wings is symmetrical.

On the head of the representatives of the breed there is a mark, the color of which coincides with the color of the auxiliary color. On the legs of purebred pigeons there is a long two-color plumage.

Curly

This breed will not leave anyone indifferent. Birds are of a decorative type and attract attention by the type and color of feathers. This is the only pigeon with curly feathers. At the same time, there is no curl on the head and tail. Paws are also decorated with long wavy feathers.

Курчавый голубь — пропорционально сложенная птица средних размеров с короткой и мощной шеей. На небольшой аккуратной голове располагаются небольшие выразительные глаза. Курчавый голубь не относится к короткоклювым птицам. Цвет оперения варьируется от шоколадного до сизого.

Это не весь перечень декоративных пород, заслуживающих внимание. Так, к примеру, голубь чайка, получивший свое название, благодаря сходству с одноименной птицей, обладает уникальной формой хвоста. Голуби породы чайка бывают самых разнообразных окрасов, включая кремовый. В России декоративные породы пользуются особой популярностью.

Мясные породы

Сегодня мясных пород не так много, но ученые постоянно работают ради выведения новых пород голубей мясного направления. Следует отметить, что мясо пернатых ценится за отменные вкусовые качества. Оно вполне подходит для приготовления мясных деликатесов, а при желании на разведении такой птицы можно построить прибыльный бизнес.

Кинг

Голуби породы кинг ценятся за мясную продуктивность. Особой популярностью пользуются эти пернатые в США, хотя и жители России не против полакомиться мясом голубя, который из-за своих размеров не может летать. По сути кинги — это самые крупные голуби. Если птице обеспечить надлежащий уход, масса тела достигнет 1-1, 2 кг. Некоторые особи имеют вес в 1, 5 кг.

Что касается экстерьера кинга, то это птица массивная, имеет широкую грудь, недлинную шею и достаточно большую голову. На ногах средней длины отсутствует оперение. Окрас преимущественно белый, хотя встречаются представители породы с черным, пятнистым и коричневым окрасом.

Мы рассмотрели далеко не все породы голубей, встречающиеся в России и за ее пределами. Хотя помимо вышеописанных заслуживает внимание такая порода домашних голубей, как ташкентские. Это бойные пернатые, обутые в сапожки из длинных перьев. Особой популярностью пользуются голуби мраморно-белого окраса. Шея у пернатых мраморная, а все остальное тело белое, но на белых крыльях красуются мраморные пояса.

Не менее привлекательны голуби породы камышинская, таджикские пернатые, дервиш, воронежские жуки и американские высоколетные, дубовские, иранские головастики.

Даже если давать краткую характеристику каждой породе голубей, вывести которую смогли ученые одной только России, на это уйдет очень много времени. Если говорить про элитные породы, то стоит отметить двухчубчатых немецких барабанщиков, марченеро, голубей породы барб, снегирь, дракон и немецких выставочных пернатых.

Популярностью среди декоративных пород пользуются острочубые голуби породы индус и пернатые породы сочи. Мировыми экспертами признаны бойные голуби из краснодарского края, которые стали плодом работы русских селекционеров, гонные пернатые брянской породы, варшавские пернатые и тульские сороки, голуби мясной направленности штрассер. Внимания заслуживает недавно выведенная харьковская порода.

Выбор птенцов для разведения

Невозможно ответить на вопрос, какая из всех существующих пород самая лучшая: даже в пределах одного вида такой выбор сделать сложно. Одних пернатых ценят за дробный и величественный ход, других — за летные качества, а бывают птицы, которых любят за один только вид.

Если вы серьезно решили заняться разведением пернатых, то целесообразно рассматривать все по голубей с фото и названиями. В таком ракурсе проще будет определить для себя, к каким птицам лежит душа, а практикой не единожды доказано, что разведение голубей будет успешным только в том случае, если при взгляде на птиц человек получает эстетическое удовольствие.

Увидеть характеристику пород домашних голубей с ценами можно на интернет-ресурсах, а вот отправится за покупкой лучше в питомник. Там специалисты следят за тем, чтобы для высиживания отбирались лучшие голубиные яйца, а при скрещивании использовались особи с хорошей генетикой. К тому же в питомнике расскажут, как вырастить здоровую, пригодную для участия в соревнованиях или выставках птицу. К тому же в питомниках следят за тем, чтобы птицы соответствовали стандарту породы.

Перед покупкой птенцов следует соорудить домик для них. Постройкой голубятен, а если вы планируете серьезно заниматься разведением птиц, то сделать их нужно несколько, можно заняться самостоятельно. В каждой из голубятен должны быть кормушки и поилки, прочее необходимое оборудование. Маленьких голубей содержать нужно в чистоте. Если голубятня старая, ее предварительно нужно продезинфицировать.

Во время скрещивания беспородный голубь не должен гулять с породистым, хотя иногда такие эксперименты позволяют вывести необычные породы пернатых. Для разведения в нашей стране лучше всего подойдут русские породы. Птицы родом, скажем, из Азии не смогут так приспособится к климатическим условиям, как русские пернатые, родившиеся в этом климатическом поясе.

Conclusion

Все породы домашних голубей рассмотреть крайне сложно ввиду их огромного количества. Мы остановили внимание на самых популярных представителях каждого вида. Сравнивать между собой виды голубей нет смысла, потому как все они были выведены с разными целями. Так, к примеру, николаевская порода голубей отлично справится с доставкой почты, а на курчавого пернатого, ввиду его незаурядной внешности, можно смотреть вечность.

К сожалению, некоторые виды диких голубей на сегодняшний день полностью вымерли. Восстановить эти породы можно, оперируя их описанием с фото, а это единственное что осталось у ученых, не представляется возможным. Навсегда исчезла такая порода, как странствующий голубь. Этот исчезнувший вид был не похож на все существующие сегодня. Птичка маленьких размеров имела необычайно красивый окрас, в котором присутствовали практически все цвета радуги, от желтого, включая все его оттенки, до угольно-черного. У некоторых особей виднелись розовые пятнышки, у некоторых — зеленые. Несмотря на все работы по скрещиванию разных пород голубей, получить птицу с аналогичным окрасом на сегодняшний день не удалось. И обиднее всего то, что вымер странствующий голубь по вине человека.

К исчезающим видам относится розовый голубь, никобарский, бурый и веероносный. За каждый вымирающий вид борются ученые, пытаясь контролировать воспроизведение потомства.

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