Plumeria - a beautiful flower with a wonderful aroma
Plumeria is a tropical plant native to Thailand, South America, Laos and Mexico. In many countries it is a national symbol; it is appreciated by Russian florists for its decorativeness and surprisingly beautiful fragrant flowers. Their smell is unique and varies with the time of day and from the environment.
Plumeria - a beautiful flower with a wonderful aroma
In nature, plumeria is a sprawling bush or tree up to 15 m high, but in an apartment it rarely grows above 2 m. The leaves are long and dense, glossy, flowers are large, up to 10 cm in diameter. The plant blooms for a long time, the entire warm season. The buds are bright, multi-colored, consisting of 5 petals.
The main thing that attracts plumeria is its aroma. He is strong and very peculiar, changing with the time of day, but extremely pleasant. The fruits are inedible, but from them it is easy to take seeds for planting. They have good germination, if you let them mature to the end.
In nature, 7 species of plumeria are known, but only 3 of them are grown at home. They are most adapted to the middle lane, although they are considered rather capricious and difficult to grow.
- White (alba) - a plant native to the Caribbean Islands, partially deciduous. The leaves are green on the outside and silver on the bottom. The flowers are white with twisted petals, closely pressed together. A yellow eye gapes in the center of each flower - the main feature of the variety.
- Red (rubra) is a deciduous tree in the apartment not exceeding 2 m. The bark is light and smooth, without growths, the leaves are narrow and long, with pointed ends. Flowers are gathered in bunches, they smell delicious. Fruits are considered inedible, but exotic people are made from them in India. In Chinese medicine, the plant is referred to as a medicinal plant.
- Dull (obtusa) - even in nature reaches only 5 m in height. It is considered a dwarf variety. The tree is compact, branches from 30 to 40 cm, leaves with a velvet surface. The flowers are white-yellow, large, have a persistent smell of jasmine.
Purchase and adaptation
Finding plumeria in stores is very difficult - it is rare. It is easier to order it in the online store, but the delivery quality may not be up to par.
Usually they sell rooted cuttings or seedlings up to a year, transport them in closed containers. After such transportation, plumeria will require mandatory adaptation.
Do not immediately put the plant next to other indoor flowers. This is especially true for seedlings brought from afar. They can be infected by insects or viruses, which is dangerous for the rest of the green "inhabitants" of the apartment.
Within 2-3 weeks, plumeria should be carefully monitored, noting the slightest change in its condition.
You can’t immediately put a "newbie" in bright light and begin to intensively water and feed. Let the tree first just get used to the microclimate in the house. Especially if purchased in the cold season. The plant has a dormant period when watering and fertilizing should be minimized.
Landing and transplanting
The flower must be transplanted into a new pot
The first transplant is done after purchase. During transportation, the plant is often placed in ordinary peat, unsuitable for constant maintenance. Therefore, after 1-2 weeks of adaptation in the house, it is transplanted into a new substrate. It is better to cook it yourself, there are no ready-made primers for couture on sale.
The pot should not be too large - 2-3 cm wider than the diameter of the root coma. Otherwise, plumeria will grow, as in wildlife - up to 15 meters.
The container material is better to choose heavier - clay, ceramics. So the branching tree will not roll over and will not break. At the bottom, the first layer is laid out large drainage from shards and expanded clay.
The second - leaf humus, compost, soil mixed with manure. The usual universal soil for flowers, mixed with coarse sand and vermiculite, is put on top for better air and moisture passage. The tree is planted on the ground and sprinkled with earth on all sides, slightly trampling it.
Important! Watering the plant immediately after transplantation is not worth it - it will be possible to do this in a week's warmly with settled water.
The necessary conditions
It needs nutrient soil, because for flowering it needs a lot of nutrients. There are no special primers for this type of plant, but it is easy to make it yourself.
The main thing is that the earth is loose and absorbs moisture well. For this purpose, baking powder must be added to the universal shop soil - vermiculite, perlite, polystyrene foam, fine expanded clay, gravel.
For good growth and flowering of the tree, you will need to mix 1 part of coarse sand, humus, peat and compost with 2 parts of turf land.
Before planting, the soil must be decontaminated in an oven or microwave.
In the active period (from April to September), the plant needs high humidity. It can be achieved by spraying the crown of the tree, as well as installing trays of water near the plant.
On the hottest days, when the moisture instantly evaporates, you can put the flowerpot in a container filled with expanded clay or moss filled with water.
During flowering, the plant is often sprayed, but it is impossible for the water to fall on the buds themselves. They may dry out and twist, but the fetus will not set. Irrigation water should be prepared in advance in order to reduce its hardness and adjust to room temperature.
The plant loves warmth, even during dormancy, the temperature around should not be below +17 ° C. True, the summer heat, when the thermometer’s table rises in the apartment to + 27-30 ° C, the tree also feels bad. At such times, plumeria should be taken out to the garden or to the balcony, where it is cooler. But we must be careful of drafts that are destructive to the tree.
In nature, plumeria grows at a constant temperature of + 20-25 ° C in winter and summer. In places of its growth there are no large differences. Therefore, at home, the plant painfully reacts to both overheating and hypothermia.
It is necessary to try to minimize the difference between day and night temperatures, as well as differences at the beginning and at the end of the heating season.
Plumeria is photophilous. She is not just not afraid of the direct sun, but needs it at least 6 hours a day. In the apartment, the brightest place should be reserved for the plant. If necessary, the tree will have to be lightened up, otherwise it will not bloom.
It is better to put a flowerpot with a tree at the south window, in extreme cases, at the southeast. The remaining sides are not suitable for plumeria. Even with additional sun lighting, it will be too little for her.
In the warm season, you can take the flowerpot out into the garden or onto the bright veranda, but you need to monitor the temperature so that the plant does not freeze.
Do not flood the plant
This exotic "guest" needs careful care and conditions that are as close as possible to the natural, familiar to a tropical tree.
With plants grown independently from seeds or cuttings, it’s easier - they are already adapted to the environment.
If the drainage and substrate are selected correctly, it will be difficult to fill the plant. The main thing is not to leave water in the pan. A tree does not like to stand in a “swamp”; it is easier to tolerate short-term drought than overflow.
Watering can be supplemented by spraying with warm water. This is useful - the pores in the leaves will not clog with dust, it will be easier for the plant to breathe.
Dense hard leaves can even be wiped periodically with a wet cloth. In cold weather, these procedures are not carried out, and watering is reduced to a minimum.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
As soon as the plumeria leaves its dormant state, it should be started to be fed. The first spring fertilizing is very important, because they give the plant strength for lush and long flowering.
The most important element in this period is phosphorus, which stimulates the setting of buds.
Nitrogen affects the growth of green mass, but inhibits flowering. It is not worth overfeeding them a tree, it is permissible to give it more at the end of summer.
During the growing season, food is carried out 2 times a month. It is better to use complex fertilizers - they have a more balanced composition.
The most suitable top dressings for plumeria are:
- Good power;
- Bloom Plus
- Bona Forte;
Cropping, crown shaping
Trimming a tree is necessary not only to give an aesthetic appearance, but also for lush flowering. Buds appear only on young first-year branches, therefore, the more there will be on a tree, the more flowers there will be.
To form a crown begin in early spring, when the plant is just beginning to come out of its "hibernation". First, dried and weak branches are removed, then healthy, but too elongated. Krone needs to be shaped like a ball so that nothing sticks out. Cut branches are used as cuttings.
We grow a flower ourselves
There are several ways to propagate the plant yourself. It’s not at all difficult if you carefully follow the proven technology. It is better to start the procedure in the spring, then there will be more chances for success.
Seeds ripen in a pod like a bean, only longer and narrower. For complete readiness, they must ripen on the tree for a full 9 months. Before sowing, the seeds must be sprouted by overlaying with gauze and placing in a solution of Epin Extra or Energen.
It is advisable to immediately plant the seeds in a separate cup - young seedlings do not tolerate transplanting well. The substrate for seeds is earth, coarse sand, perlite in equal proportions. Capacities are covered with a whip and put under the lamp. The temperature for germination should not be lower than +27 ° C.
Sprouts appear unevenly (another reason why they are best planted in separate containers) - from 10 to 25 days.
Gradually they accustom to room temperature and finally remove the film. Sprouts are transplanted only for the next year. Usually in the second year the plant blooms.
After pruning the tree, there are branches, 4 buds are left on each, dried and placed in the Kornevin solution for a day.
It is necessary to dry the stalk so that milky juice ceases to stand out from it.
Cuttings are placed in a substrate - earth, coarse sand, perlite. Cover with a film on top, creating the effect of a greenhouse.
They put on a warm battery or just in a warm place. The main thing is not to deepen them too much - 6-8 cm will be enough. Saplings take root for about 3 months. Then they remove the greenhouse.
Disease and Pest Treatment
The plant rarely gets sick with good care. Problems appear only with improperly organized watering, lighting, temperature. In a cool and humid environment, a tree infects a fungus; in the absence of light, it begins to rot.
Putin mite settles on a plant when the leaves and trunk dry. Other insects do not attack the tree due to poisonous juice.
|Rot||Blackened trunk, flaccid leaves||Removing rotted branches, transplanting||Proper watering|
|Fungal infection||Spots on the leaves, hairy coating||Mechanical removal, treatment with fungicides Fundazol, Ridomil, Skor, Fitosporin||Bright lighting, regular inspection|
|Spider mite||Thin web between leaves||Rinse with water, spray with preparations Antiklesh, Actellik, Aktara||Regular inspection and spraying|
Meaning in Tattoo
Lovers of drawings on the body often stuff themselves with a tattoo in the form of plumeria flowers. This always has a special meaning, symbolism, rooted in the depths of centuries. Since ancient times, this flower has been associated with eternal life, purity of thoughts, vitality, optimism.
A bouquet of flowers on the girl’s hip is a sign of special sexuality, a desire to please men.
A tattoo on the shoulder is a desire to find oneself, inner harmony. Yellow buds are the joy of being, success in everything. Flowers in the shape of a cross are a reminder of the transience of life, the memory of deceased relatives.
Flowers are often stuffed with “live” exotic - tropical fish, butterflies, hummingbirds. This means that a person is open to the world, loves to learn new things and travel. It is also a sign that you need to live today and now, enjoying every minute.
An exotic tree from the Hawaiian Islands can become an ordinary occupant of a city apartment if it is properly maintained. Simple requirements for watering, lighting, humidity, transplantation make plumeria a welcome "guest" in the house of any grower.