Pepper seedlings frozen
If pepper seedlings are frozen, it is necessary to immediately begin its treatment. There can be many reasons for this, and all of them are associated with errors in care.
Pepper seedlings frozen
Signs of freezing seedlings
Frozen seedlings have a characteristic feature - black or white spots on the leaves. Often not only the leaves blacken, but also the leg.
Gradually, this reaches the root system. Propagation is fast, so if you do not take appropriate measures, the whole plant may die.
Causes of freezing
Seedlings are mostly frozen by strong spring frosts. Gardeners can make mistakes when planting or leaving.
The main causes of freezing pepper:
- landing was performed at a temperature below 15 ° C;
- late landing in the ground;
- plentiful watering immediately after transplanting from pots;
- lack of nutrients.
Pepper seedlings can be saved with a solution of superphosphate and potassium sulfate. It will take 25 g of superphosphate and 20 g of sulfuric potassium. They are bred in 10 liters of water. This is enough to process 8-10 bushes of pepper.
1 ampoule of 0.25 mg of Epin is diluted in 5 liters of water. It is desirable that the water was not from the tap, but standing, warm. Spray should be every 7-10 days before recovery. A prerequisite is calm weather.
Urea solution treatment. Take 1 matchbox of urea, which must be diluted in 10 liters of water. It’s good to add a growth stimulator to the solution. This is enough to spray 2 m2 of seedlings.
It is easy to prevent freezing of pepper. To do this, you must adhere to the basic recommendations for care and inspect the plant once a week.
This is a necessity for growing early ripe varieties of pepper. Because they are planted with an early vein, there is a threat of late spring frosts. There are several types of structures: earthen rollers, polyethylene shelters.
- Peppers planted in rows can be covered with plastic wrap. To do this, the wooden rods bent in an arc 1.30-1.40 cm long are buried with their ends in the ground along rows or beds. The optimal distance is 80 cm from each other. A tourniquet is pulled over the ridge of the arms. A plastic film is pulled onto the arranged structure. The edges should be covered with earth and fixed with pegs. From the end faces, the film is attached with studs to the soil surface.
- The construction of the greenhouse. Before emergence, the greenhouse should be covered with straw mats. The required temperature regime is 20-25 ° C. After germination, 50-60% of the sown seeds are opened in the afternoon. For 10-12 days, maintain a temperature of about 13-16 ° C, after which it is increased to 18-22 ° C.
- It is necessary to constantly monitor the good ventilation of the greenhouse. Due to the high temperature, strong evaporation occurs in it, which favors the development of diseases.
Water plants only with warm water
Pepper seedlings need a lot of water during growth. In the absence of proper watering, you should not expect a good harvest.
Basic watering rules:
- water should be warmed up and settled;
- it is better to water in the morning or late evening, with a steady warming of the weather - after lunch;
- after watering, the plant is aired.
The need for water in the later phases of plant development is determined by the state of the soil. If dry - watering, if wet - no.
To obtain an early crop of pepper in open ground, seeds are sown by the end of February - after February 20 or in early March (in a semi-warm greenhouse). Since the culture is not dived, the sowing should not be thickened - no more than 8-12 g of seeds are sown under one greenhouse frame.
Pepper is ready for planting in the ground from early May to May 20. For the cultivation of non-picked benign seedlings, it takes 45-50 days after emergence. External conditions are favorable for planting in open ground when there is no danger of late spring frosts. The soil did not freeze, and its temperature rose above 14 ° C.
Pepper is a photophilous plant. A large amount of sunlight accelerates the development of pepper and increases its yield. Do not grow peppers in shady places. Greenhouse seedlings always need to provide enough light. Mild mutual shading of plants is useful in the summer heat.
When the soil in the greenhouse or in the garden is poor, two top dressings are carried out to obtain strong bushes. The first is given after the formation of the seedlings of the first 2 true leaves, and the second - 2 weeks after the first.
The main types of dressing:
- Ammonium nitrate. Dissolve 2 g in 5 l of water. Top dressing is carried out in cloudy weather or in the afternoon. Soil moisture increases, as a result of which the risk of infection of plants with a black leg increases.
- Before sowing the seeds, the soil is filled with mineral fertilizers. Take 2 g of ammonium nitrate, 6 g of superphosphate and 3 g of potash fertilizers per 1 m2. In the last days, before sowing in open ground, it is quenched.
- Organic top dressing - mullein, bird droppings. They are diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 4. It is possible to bring in pre-instillations twice a season.
If you perform these top dressing on time, then pepper seedlings can no longer be fed. The root system is strengthened, and the leaves will have a saturated color.
Pepper can only be grown in irrigated areas, as It has high soil moisture requirements. With insufficient soil moisture, especially during fruiting, productivity decreases. The fruits become shallow and deformed. Pepper is intolerant to atmospheric drought.
Low air humidity, accompanied by high temperatures, causes falling flowers and ovaries. In the early phase of its development, it extracts few nutrients from the soil. During flowering and at the beginning of the formation of fruits, its need for nutrients increases significantly. Most nutrients are consumed during the period of mass fruiting.
If pepper seedlings are slightly frozen, then it can be saved, but the yield will be weak. Therefore, you need to care. Plant pepper at a soil temperature of at least 14 ° C. Ventilate the guys and make sure it is warm there.