Pear variety Red
Red pear is a popular variety, has good taste. A detailed study of the variety allows you to properly grow it, use beneficial properties and increase productivity.
Pear variety Red
The peculiarity of this variety is that it appeared not as a result of selection, but through a natural mutation. For a long time, gardeners did not recognize this type of pear as an official variety of fruit tree, but in early 1976, after a detailed analysis, the variety was officially recognized and given the name Willi red pear - Red Pear or Tomato Pear.
The foliage of the tree is asymmetric, has the appearance of a rounded or wide pyramid. Young trees are fast in growth, but by 10-12 years, growth slows down. In the Williams variety, the decrease is associated with good yield and initial fruiting.
The bark of light yellow color with a small number of lentils covers thick, skeletal branches and the trunk.
Red pear has large egg-like leaves with a smooth surface. Small cloves are located on the elevated edges of the leaf plate, veins of light green in color are barely noticeable. Flowers of a white-cream hue are collected in inflorescences of 6-7 units, bloom before the leaves appear and bloom for a long time.
Fruits of 2-3 units are formed in inflorescences, hang on branches with a weight of 170 g, and on young trees - 180 g. Fruits of medium and large sizes are characterized by a slightly uneven surface, light green fragrant skin. After ripening, the Red pear turns yellow with gray dots, and a pink spot may appear on the fruits. Curved stems help pears to attach to the shoots. The fruit pulp is juicy, yellow-white, with acidity and a nutmeg aroma.
Properties and composition of fruits
Red fruits have a rich composition of useful elements and properties:
- contain a large amount of fiber, potassium, vitamin C;
- do not contain sodium, cholesterol, saturated fats;
- low-calorie - 96 kcal;
- have a positive effect on blood circulation, heart and blood vessels;
- contribute to the cleansing of the body;
- help fight obesity, diabetes.
Planting a Red Pear
Preparation for landing
For planting, seedlings are suitable at the age of 1-2 years and a height of 1.3 to 1.5 m. The distance between the root neck and side shoots is more than 50 cm and 3-5 branches.
The length of the roots of seedlings reaches 20-30 cm. When planting, the quality of the formation of the central shoot, the complete absence of damage, shoots on the roots and dry leaves is of importance.
For planting the Williams variety, a place with nutritious water-permeable soil, lack of groundwater at shallow depth and lit by the sun is suitable.
At the end of the growing season in the fall, you can plant trees. Landing is permitted in the warm spring before the buds open.
The seedling is placed in a specially prepared recess 60 * 60 * 80 cm in size. The root system is covered with a special mixture of humus (one part), garden soil (one part), superphosphate (350 g), potassium sulfate (350 g).
Before planting, the roots are well examined, the dried parts are removed, they are kept in a heteroauxin solution for 3-12 hours. They are placed in a pit, they are covered with garden soil, with a mixture, the seedling is abundantly watered, the earth is sprinkled. A peg is placed in the region of the root system to which the seedling is attached.
Red Pear Care
Red pear, requires constant care.
After planting, the trees for the first few years need constant watering all season. To preserve moisture around the trunks, peat, husks of buckwheat or pine nuts with a layer thickness of 5-8 cm are poured.
Adult trees become less demanding for watering, about 3-7 times are required per season.
Before fruiting, trees are fed annually in spring. The manure is laid around a layer of 4-6 cm, it is recommended to add 100-150 g of azofoska or Kemira under each tree.
In the autumn period of digging, fertilize adult trees. Mullein or a combination of organic, mineral fertilizers are used. They are distributed around the trunk and mixed at a level of 25-35 cm in depth to enrich the root system with nutrients.
Diseases and Pests
Red pear susceptible to cytosporosis, fruit rot, scab, rust and root cancer.
Cytosporosis appears on the bark of the trunk and skeletal branches and is a spot of brown-red color. Soon cracks appear, bark tissue softens.
The disease can be controlled in the initial stages by treatment with copper sulfate and garden var.
Rust spreads on the surface of the leaves from above and appears round orange spots. Outgrowths appear on the diseased leaves below, where rust spores are located.
Spraying with a 4% solution of Bordeaux liquid or a 2% solution of a sulfur well helps to overcome the disease before flowering and 2 weeks after it.
Scab appears with green-black spots on the leaves, they grow, the leaves dry and crumble. Scab negatively affects the fruits and shoots, the flesh deteriorates under the spots. Fighting with scabs is possible by eliminating spoiled fruits and foliage, spraying with colloidal sulfur and Bordeaux liquid.
Red pear suffers from aphids, pear leaf flies, pear gall mites, pear bugs, Californian insects, green apple aphids.
Larvae of green apple aphids harm foliage, shoots, because they feed on their juices. For their destruction apply:
Pear leaf larvae damage leaves, shoots, buds. Trees massively lose foliage, ovaries and flowers deteriorate, the development of fruits stops. The fight against them is carried out by spraying with insecticides.
Growing a red pear is possible subject to all the characteristics of planting, care and control of pests and diseases. Compliance with all the rules helps to get a rich harvest of fruits.