Pear propagation by cuttings

Among the methods by which it is possible to grow a fruit tree, pear propagation by cuttings is distinguished. It is important to follow the procedure, as well as follow the rules for caring for the plant after cuttings.

Pear propagation by cuttings

Varieties of pears

To propagate a pear by cuttings, pay attention to trees with small fruits. They are well bred in this way. Epaulettes of such trees are quicker to root out, and the engraftment process is easy.

The varieties most suitable for growing by cuttings include:

  • Memory of Zhigalov;
  • Muscovite;
  • Dressed Efimova;
  • Lada;
  • Autumn Yakovleva.

These varieties show excellent results when growing from cuttings, the studs take root well, get sick a little, grow quickly and bring in a plentiful harvest.

Preparation of cuttings

The period of preparation of pear cuttings begins in late June and lasts until August. In the middle lane, layering is done later than in the northern regions due to differences in climatic conditions.

Only healthy cuttings are selected: this contributes to successful reproduction. Epaulettes before planting should bear fruit more than 2 times.

When choosing cuttings for propagation, pay attention to the following conditions:

  • the top of the shoulder strap is greenish;
  • the lower part began to become coarse and covered with bark (in early spring the tree is still very weak, and therefore the bark is greenish);
  • the foliage has blossomed, with the exception of a pair of upper buds.

Sprouts should be cut before sunrise, when they are as full of moisture as possible. The slice is performed from the bottom up, at an angle of 45 ° towards the kidney. Before carrying out the procedure, a garden knife is sharpened: it must be sharp so that the cutting operation of the branch is as quick and painless as possible for the main trunk. The tool must be disinfected so as not to infect the epaulet and the mother tree with an infection.

Important Tips

  • There should be 2-3 internodes on the branch, and the length of the air lay should be 6-10 cm. The upper cut should extend horizontally above the kidney at a distance of 5-6 mm. Under the base of the kidney, an incision is also made from below. Large leaves on the handle are shortened by ½ length.
  • The place where the slice is located is treated with a fungicide solution. Shredded charcoal is also suitable for disinfection.
  • Cut cuttings connected in bundles are left in water for 16–18 hours. For better rooting, drugs that stimulate growth are added.
  • After processing, the cuttings are ready for planting in containers.

Rooting

Plant rooted under the film

For growing pears, containers with a height of about 30-35 cm are selected. After processing, the cuttings are placed in boxes with a fixed oilcloth and a pre-prepared substrate. To grow a pear, cuttings must be well rooted, for this:

  • the bottom of the tank is covered with nutritious chernozem, adding organic fertilizers; ideal rotted compost or manure; the soil layer should be about 20 cm;
  • pour a layer of sandy substrate with a height of 5-7 cm; choose well-washed medium- or coarse-grained sand, mix it with the ground in a ratio of 1: 2: the roots develop well in such soil;
  • generously moisten the soil with a solution with the addition of a growth stimulator;
  • carry out planting to a depth of 2 cm: deep landing provokes decay;
  • on top cover with a transparent bag or glass to create greenhouse conditions.

Watering

The soil should not dry completely - it is regularly sprayed with clean water and periodically aerated. The boxes are slightly obscured so that direct sunlight does not fall on the sprouts. Abundant, but diffused lighting is good for seedlings.

The leaves on the cuttings should not touch each other, as well as lean against the walls of the box or film.

Humidification is carried out by spraying with a spray gun. Spraying should be discarded: this erodes the soil. Airing is carried out not more often than once every 7-8 days.

The above methods contribute to the appearance of the first roots after 25-30 days. As the cuttings root, pears reduce the intensity of spraying, but increase the airing time. After 15 days, the cover is removed completely.

Disembarkation and care

Planting cuttings carried out in the fall. To do this, in the third decade of September, boxes with seedlings are transferred to the garden. Saplings are removed from the box with oilcloth, put in a prepared hole. The oilcloth is carefully pulled out so as not to damage the roots, then the pit is buried in a level with the ground.

To warm the root system, use:

  • peat;
  • sawdust;
  • coniferous spruce branches.

Landing at a permanent place is performed after 1-2 years.

With proper care, propagating the pear with cuttings and shoots is not difficult. In the spring, they begin to grow rapidly. During the period of active development, abundant watering and full feeding are important for them.

For several years after planting, irrigation is carried out by sprinkling. To do this, use special garden equipment, which include sprayers and watering hoses.

For irrigation, grooves dug along the length of the trunk circle are also used. In depth, they should be 15 cm. Water is poured into the groove, after watering it is buried.

The trunk circle is the place through which the root system receives nutrients. In the spring it is planted with green manure, which are good soil loosening agents. The roots of the grass remaining after mowing, in the process of decay, replenish the soil with a large amount of nutrients.

Conclusion

Growing a pear from a shank is simple, and when done correctly, this method gives excellent results. Trees bred in this way, after 3-4 years give a full high-quality crop.

Recommended

Characteristics of the variety of peppers Hercules
2019
What to do if chicken has goiter
2019
Rules for processing cucumbers from diseases
2019