Orchid Primer

High-quality soil for orchids is the basis of their health and the key to abundant flowering. Epiphytes are whimsical plants, and much also depends on the substrate. That is why, before transplanting phalaenopsis, it will be necessary to prepare the land of the best composition with the necessary number of elements that will suit them.

Orchid Primer

Soil composition

Many gardeners are interested in whether ordinary soil is suitable for orchids. The land for orchids is different from all other soil mixtures. Epiphytes can not be planted ordinary land. They will have to choose a substrate that is ideal for plants with an unusual way of growing. The required soil composition for orchids includes:

  • wood ash;
  • turf or roots of forest ferns;
  • sphagnum;
  • bark of trees.

The soil composition for orchids varies depending on the variety and type of plants, but the listed Biocomponents cannot be changed for anything. Also land for epiphytes consists of:

  • coconut fiber;
  • peat;
  • perlite;
  • vermiculite;
  • crushed expanded clay or other small stones;
  • leaflets of spruce and pine cones;
  • walnut husk.

The soil mixture for growing epiphytes called Dendrobium nobile also includes soil and humus leaves of garden trees. Soft earth is well suited for germination of phalaenopsis seeds. Such a substrate often contains peat, so a soil of a similar composition is also ideal for planting plants.

Substrate requirements

Peculiar roots

The root system of epiphytes has no analogues, because its ability to consume moisture from the air or absorb it from a moist filler has not been given to other representatives of the plant world. That is why the substrate should be:

  • loose
  • permeable and moisture-resistant;
  • easy;
  • neutral in acidity (pH 5.5-6.0).

Choose components of soil mix from among non-toxic and long decaying. Such a blank is suitable for planting and growing epiphytes of most varieties and any other indoor flowers, for example, anthurium.

In the case when you need to plant cymbidium and papiopedilum, the soil is prepared differently. Caring for these flower plants is different from cultivating other epiphytes. The soil mixture will also differ, in which wood bark and coal will prevail.

Mixtures prepared at home on their own can also include:

  • pumice;
  • cork tree bark;
  • gravel.

All of these substances are used as drainage. They will need to be treated with dry heat and protected from mold sources and temperature extremes during storage. Before the procedure of roasting stones and bark, all components are soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate and kept in it for 24 hours.

Substrate selection

Ready soil for orchids, buy in specialized stores. Land for orchids has a complex composition. The ideal substrate can be purchased under the trademarks:

  • Ecoflora;
  • Orchid;
  • Fiasco;
  • Pokon
  • Kekkila
  • Compo;
  • Sana'a;
  • Fasco
  • Gardens of Babylon;
  • Queen;
  • Florica
  • Effect Bio;
  • Ceramis (Seramis) $
  • Weltorf.

Recently, coconut premium class called coco has gained great popularity. This type of land loves most varieties of epiphytes. This type of soil is sold in tablets, washer briquettes and in bulk. It is required to fill it in pots in its pure form or to make part of a complex soil.

Still as a basis for the growth of epiphytes, aqua soil is used. It is a hydrogel beads. Such an artificial composition does not have nutritional value, but it allows you to keep a large amount of moisture in yourself, and then help the plant consume it measuredly.

Buying soil is not difficult, because its cost is low, but many breeders prefer to prepare the soil for orchids with their own hands.

Good nutritious soil for all types of orchids is easy to prepare yourself. You should use blanks, assembled with your own hands or purchased in flower shops. DIY soil at home, subject to the rules and proportions, will not differ from purchased options.

Sanitary treatment

We wash the roots of orchids

Before using any of the substrates, a sanitary preparation is required. The most correct way to process the substrate is:

  • the washing up;
  • heat treatment (calcination in the oven or boiling);
  • easy drying;
  • chopping.

The bark for the substrate is taken only from non-living trees, and then treated with an antiseptic. The moss is soaked in salt water for a day, after which it is rinsed and dried. The shell of nuts, cones and coconut threads are treated with boiling water.

Similarly, such actions will have to be performed in the case when the soil:

  • turned green;
  • become too wet;
  • covered with white bloom from hard water.

Homemade recipe

Preparation of soil for epiphytes at home does not take much time. Step-by-step instructions for obtaining soil mixtures of standard composition:

  1. Initially, the components of the mixture are calcined and dried: pine bark, ash, moss, fern roots.
  2. All of the listed components of the mixture are taken in equal proportions and mixed in a deep bowl. Mineral baking powder (vermiculite, perlite) put no more than a third of the total mass of the substrate.
  3. The prepared container is filled with soil, but before that, in a plastic transparent pot with a hot metal object, drain holes are made and a thick layer of expanded clay or coconut fiber is laid on the bottom.

The mixture that is better to choose for the preparation of the substrate:

  • 5 parts of bark,
  • 1 part of charcoal;
  • 2 parts of moss.

All other components with nutritional value are taken in equal proportions, but their total mass should be about half of the available basic composition.

Soil storage

The finished substrate is subjected to final drying, after which it is packed up in paper bags or rag bags and tightly packed. Each component must be prepared in a different container. Keep all the components of the soil mixtures separately from each other in a well-ventilated area. Soil should be prepared immediately before planting.

The substrate should be reliably protected from exposure to heat and cold, as well as direct sunlight. The most unpretentious to all changes is a coconut product, because its fibers do not absorb moisture, are not afraid of heat and have a long rotting time.

The soil for orchids should be:

  • dry
  • without smell;
  • friable.

If the substrate does not meet these criteria, then an ambulance in such cases consists in treating the components with antibacterial compounds of chemical origin. Inadequate quality substrate must be disposed of. An exception may be expanded clay, which will turn out to warm up and dry.

The use of poor-quality substrate threatens the development of pathogenic flora and death of the plant. Also, the soil mixture, which does not fit the flower in composition, is often the reason for the absence of flowering epiphytes.


Many stores specializing in floriculture sell ready-made soil for orchids, which is also suitable for spathiphyllum (another name for “female happiness”). But even the best substrate is not suitable for some epiphytes due to the way of their life and developmental features. The loose soil mixture needs seeds and plants that have suffered diseases.

It is not difficult to prepare the soil for the orchid with your own hands. To do this, it is necessary to strictly observe the proportions and be sure to make sure the quality and safety of all components used.


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