Orchid Pearl of the Emperor
Probably, there are no flower growers who would not be attracted by a magical and mysterious plant - an orchid. Orchid The pearl of the emperor belongs to monopodial epiphytes, large with a beautiful and magnificent color.
Orchid Pearl of the Emperor
The stem of the orchid is short, on it in two rows are fleshy, dark green leaves from 15 to 35 cm in length and 5-10 in width. Peduncle long about 70 cm, slightly tilted. The inflorescence is multiflowered, branched and racemose, the flowers themselves are large, 6-8 cm in diameter. A flower with a delicate structure, dark crimson in color with a gradation to white at the very edge of the petal. Flowering lasts from November to February, without a pronounced period of rest.
Like all orchids, the Pearl of the emperor is capricious, but in moderation. It will be happy to grow at normal room temperature, without direct sunlight. If the flower is warm to the touch, you should arrange for it a light cool shower, and increase the humidity in the room. Recommended temperature range is 16-20 ° С, with a night difference of 5 ° С. Lowering the temperature is necessary to form a peduncle.
This orchid is not demanding on moisture, unlike other types of phalaenopsis. But the flower will be happy to be in the pan with water in the warm season.
To a greater extent, the substrate for orchids consists of small and medium bark and moss - sphagnum. Before planting, the bark should be washed and soaked for several days, let it be saturated with moisture. After that, drain and rinse this water again in clean water. Mix wet bark with finely chopped moss and foam. At the bottom of the pot should be placed pebbles of gravel or expanded clay, this is a drainage pillow, its height is not more than 2 cm. A prepared substrate is laid on top of the drainage.
The substrate for orchids consists of small and medium bark and moss - sphagnum
phalaenopsis is able to grow in any pot, but the most convenient will be either a transparent plastic pot or an unglazed clay pot.
This orchid loves the east and southwest window sills, but always with a shadow.
The amount of light directly affects the growth and flowering of orchids. In summer, the plant gains heat and pseudobulbs grow and develop. Pay attention to the color of the leaves, if they are yellow, then there is a lot of light, if too dark - not enough. The leaves should be a uniform green color. The color saturation of the flowers themselves also depends on the amount of light.
Proper care of the phalaenopsis will protect the plant from diseases and pests, and the Pearl of the emperor will delight you with its flowering for a long time. It is advisable to take into account the needs of the flower and provide it:
- optimum temperature regime for the variety;
- desired humidity;
- protection from direct sunlight and, as a result, burns;
- watering as a substrate;
- fertilizer and fertilizing the soil.
In the summer, watered as the substrate dries. Phalaenopsis should be watered gently, water should not fall on young leaves, they can be sprayed with current.
In the cool season, they are also guided by the drying of the soil, but watering is replaced by spraying. During the development of the peduncle, watering is resumed, but in a moderate amount. Once a month, rinse the substrate under a faucet for cleaning, and arrange a warm, plentiful shower with an orchid.
Usually fertilize only during the growth period, using a special fertilizer for orchids.
In this type of phalaenopsis, the root system has a distinctive feature. They are mobile, looking for moisture and attached to the required surface. They are also strong and branched. Young roots have green ends, old roots are white. In nature, there are often trees with branches braided, no longer alive by the roots of the phalaenopsis.
The roots of this orchid are strong and branched.
The leaves of the Pearl of the Emperor are fleshy, dense, oblong. Smooth green. They must be regularly cleaned from dust and moisture after watering or showering. Check regularly for pests; they usually hide under the leaves.
For any kind of orchid, transplanting is a stressful procedure. After transplantation, phalaenopsis restores strength for a long time. The need for this procedure is determined by the state of the soil, for an orchid, a dense or oxidized substrate is destructive. Also, a transplant is necessary if the pot has become small, and the roots have gone beyond it. The procedure is carried out when young shoots reach 2-3 cm. If there is a need to divide the plant, the best option is to leave 5 pseudobulbs in a pot.
The most common are fungal diseases. Stains on leaves, plaque - the result of improper care, excessive watering and low ventilation. For treatment, the drug Fitosporin is used, the whole plant and substrate are sprayed with it, with an interval of 7-10 days, until the symptoms disappear.
Bacterial infections are manifested by rotting of the roots, the death of leaves and pseudobulbs. Sometimes only leaves are affected - dark sunken spots, can be wet with a putrid odor. The diseased plant should be immediately isolated, the affected leaves removed, the slice treated with crushed activated and charcoal.
The most common are fungal diseases
Viral diseases are almost impossible to determine with the naked eye, only with the help of laboratory tests. Orchid simply languishes before our eyes.
Inspect the leaves for pests with each watering. Immediately after purchase, install the phalaenopsis pot in a container of water. This will clear the flower of possible pests. A variety of millipedes, spiders, cockroaches, wood lice and earthworms usually live in the substrate. The plant itself can be affected by aphids and ticks.
Promptly remove all flakes, old leaves, dried pseudobulbs. Treat the plant with soapy water, remove insects by hand, Fitoverm helps well, treat them with the plant according to the instructions. For prevention, it is advisable to rinse and wipe the leaves dry, and rinse the substrate under running water.
Orchid The Pearl of the Emperor is the favorite of many flower growers, who, in gratitude for proper care, will delight you with a bright magnificent color for 6-8 months.