Nubian goat breed
Nubian goats are rarely found in Russia, but are quite popular in their African homeland.
About the Nubian breed
The breed got its name from a small homeland - Namibia, from where animals were taken by British breeders for experimental breeding. Although the mountain goat has the same homeland, it has nothing to do with livestock. The Nubian goats, related to the meat and dairy genotype, have established family ties with Swiss and Indian representatives. American scientists helped the Nubian breed become more productive and productive through linear and closely related crosses.
The tribal book recorded the new breed as Anglo-Nubian.
In the domestic agriculture, goats of the Nubian breed came from American farmers in the early 21st century. The stock of breeding Nubian goats in Russia totaled only no more than a dozen. Often, when selling Nubian goats, farmers' demand for this breed is constrained by its high cost. The cost of the Nubian goat is rather high, and the price at which it is available to buy a goat and purebred kids, often reaches 120 thousand rubles.
Appearance and character
The description of the breed is certainly connected with its hanging ears, which fall to a level lower than the face of the animal, which reminds some of the basset hounds. Yes, and the character of many note in them similar to the dog. They treat their owner as the leader of the herd, will certainly respond to the nickname given to them and, when they see strangers, like a guard dog, they will rush to protect their loved ones.
The Anglo-Nubians have a memorable Greek profile. The nose of animals with a small hump. For some breeders, the Nubian nose is more outwardly similar to the Roman oval.
The woolen color of Nubian goats can be varied, but most shades come down to brown, but there are Nubian goats in shade of white gold. Nubians may be:
- chocolate and black
- with leopard spots and white-brown,
- cream and piebald.
The coat of the Nubian goat breed is short and to the touch smooth and silky. Videos with Nubian goats and their photos demonstrate the beauty of these exotic animals.
Most nubie goats are hornless, however this does not apply to the dominant pedigree trait. Goats are originally horned.
A general descriptive characteristic relates these animals to rather large livestock. So, females gain weight up to 80 kilograms, and some males are able to reach body assy of about 100 kilograms. Goat growth is also rather big - up to 0.9 centimeters high at the withers.
The meat and dairy Nubian goat breed gives good performance on milk yield. After the first lambing, a goat can daily bring dairy products from 3 or more liters. Their lactation period lasts almost all year round and is approximately 300 days. Thus, farmers, on whose farms there is a Nubian breed, can boast annual volumes of milk up to 1 ton.
Milk of Nubian goats is characterized by quality characteristics:
- the average fat content is 4, percent,
- the protein component of milk - from 3.7 percent or more,
- lack of smell and specific nutty taste of milk.
The volume of milk yields in nubia increases with subsequent lambing.
The Nubian goat breed is characterized by intensive growth rates, therefore, in African countries, Nubian goats are often bred not only for the subsequent receipt of milk from them, but also for meat.
The maturity of Nubians begins at the age of seven months, but farmers allow animals to mate when they reach a minimum age of one year. The gestational age does not differ from the duration in other breeds and is 150 days.
Advantages and disadvantages of breeding
In addition to its pleasant appearance, the Nubian goat breed for breeding and keeping has also a number of other advantages that allow farmers to choose these animals regardless of their high price:
- the potential for increasing the productivity of Nubians after the second and third lactation periods can reach up to five kilograms of milk per day,
- long lactation period ensures stable production of dairy products,
- milk obtained from Nubians is competitive in the agricultural market and goes to the production of high-quality varieties of cheese,
- intensive growth rates of young animals make it possible to quickly get meat when breeding animals,
- rather high fecundity (2-3 kid per lamb) and vitality of young animals makes it possible to quickly increase the number of livestock.
Among the shortcomings of the breed, some breeders note their pickiness in the feed ration and more thorough care than other breeds require. In addition, Nubian goats are very selfish in nature and are not ready to live peacefully in contact with other domestic animals. The presence of foreign livestock is not annoying and leads to a decrease in productivity.
It should be noted right away that the heat-loving exotic goat is not ready to endure Russian harsh climatic conditions, therefore it is not recommended to breed these animals in all regions.
For the maintenance of Nubian goats, it is certainly worth choosing the necessary insulated room, they are fatally affected by drafts and excessive humidity, since animals are prone to pneumonia.
The room where the Nubian goat will live should be light, warm, clean and dry.
For the fastidious Nubians, the owners should arrange wooden loungers covered with fresh straw. An unchanged straw litter will become an occasion for the animal to begin to show its African burrows.
The feed ration of the Nubian goat breed must necessarily include tree branches - willow, maple, linden, mountain ash. In addition to this, the menu is varied due to concentrated feed, which accounts for up to 300 grams per individual to maintain its viability, and up to 250 grams plus in order to maintain milk yield, how many are required per 1 kilogram of production.
To increase milk yields in Nubian goats, you can use barley and oat crops, which are added to the feed ration in ground or steamed form.
The amount of hay given per head in the winter season is up to 5 kilograms, grain concentrates should be given about 2 kilograms, vegetables and silage - up to a kilogram. In the summertime, licks are laid out at the places of walking; in winter, salt is added directly to drinking water.
The nutritional characteristic of goats during the mating season is the addition of the main diet to legumes and cereals.