Neretinsky grape growing
In Russia, a large number of grape varieties are grown. Neretinsky grapes are not included in this list. Despite the large number of positive qualities, it does not inspire confidence among gardeners.
Neretinsky grape growing
Neretinsky grapes are characterized by tall shrubs. The average height of the plant is 5 m. The vine is thick, powerful. Shoots of a delicate green tint in autumn change their color to brown. For 2 years after planting, the vine is covered with brown bark and peels a little.
Description of Neretinsky grapes:
- leaves are large, oval;
- the outer part of the leaf is smooth, and the inner is a little rough;
- flowering occurs in female flowers, therefore, bisexual varieties are planted next to this variety;
- fruiting occurs 3 years after planting;
- harvesting occurs in early September;
- frost resistance up to -35 ° С is observed.
Features of the fruit
The rounded berries of the Neretinsky grape are small. The weight of each does not exceed the mark of 2 g. The peel is dense, but this does not affect the taste. The color of the berries is bright blue. There is a wax coating on the surface of the fetus.
According to the description, the clusters are small. Their weight does not exceed 200 g. The shape is conical, slightly elongated at the ends. With insufficient care, some clusters are able to crack, the berries begin to fall off.
The pulp is juicy. The taste is sweet, with a slight acidity. A positive effect on human health is noted, since ascorbic acid is present in the composition.
When cultivating this variety, they carefully approach the choice of soil. Good yields are noted on soils with an average fertility rate. The best place to land is a well-lit area.
It is better to plant plants near obstacles: they protect the bushes from sudden gusts of wind. The variety tolerates well groundwater close to the surface of the earth.
Seedlings are better to buy annuals. They should have a place indicating vaccination. The optimal height of a young seedling is 1 m. The roots should be developed, up to 30 cm in length.
Landing is carried out at the beginning of spring, but for this autumn they begin to prepare a seat. The site is dug up, weed roots are removed. After that, they dig a hole 80 cm deep and 70 cm wide. The bottom is lined with rubble, which will act as a drainage system. After that, a 2/3 hole is sprinkled with organic fertilizers. In this state, the pit should remain until spring. On the day of planting, a small embankment is made in the hole, in which the seedling is placed.
The root system of a young plant is covered with soil remaining after digging. Planting material is watered with 20 liters of warm water. Nearby they dig in a metal support, because the plant is very tall.
Caring for plants is easy
Caring for Neretinsky grapes is simple, but takes time.
- The first watering is carried out for 2 years after planting. At this time, 15 liters of water are poured under each bush. The further interval of irrigation is 1 month. For this, a trench 10 cm deep is dug around the bush. Water is poured, spreading it over the entire area of the roots. A few days before watering, loosen the soil and eradicate all weeds. This helps moisture and fertilizer penetrate better.
- Fertilizing is carried out using both organic and mineral fertilizers. In the spring, a few weeks before the buds open, potassium nitrate is irrigated (10 g per 5 l of water). In the period of fruit ovation, organic fertilizers are applied in the form of compost and peat mixed in a ratio of 1: 1. For each bush there should be 1 bucket of such a mixture. In early September, plants are fed a solution of superphosphate (30 g per 7 liters of water). For each bush should be 15 liters of liquid solutions. They are often combined with watering.
- Pruning is carried out, depending on the condition of the bush. As dry patches begin to appear, they are immediately removed. The shoots are cut so that they have no more than 5 eyes.
Pest and Disease Control
Neretinsky grapes are characterized by low resistance to downy mildew. When it appears, spraying with Bordeaux liquid is immediately carried out (30 g per 6 liters of water).
In the fight against fruit rot, a solution of colloidal salt (20 g per 4 l of water) helps. The drug “Khomus” (20 g per 10 l of water) helps to get rid of olive spotting.
Neretinsky grapes are often affected by birds, aphids and fleas. It is pointless to fight birds with chemical spraying; it is better to use covering nets. A non-covering bush will be completely destroyed by pests in 3 days.
An effective tool against aphids and fleas will be Oxychus. The drug is characterized by a high concentration of copper in the composition. 50 g of the drug are diluted in 10 l of water. Spraying is carried out at the intervals specified in the instructions.
Despite the large number of positive qualities, this variety is not popular among gardeners. First of all, this is due to its low resistance to mildew. This disease is especially common in temperate countries.