Mushrooms in the Volgograd region in 2019
From May to October, large mushroom crops are harvested in the vicinity of Volgograd and throughout the region. The climate of the area is well suited for the growth of strong fruiting bodies. Mushrooms of the Volgograd region in 2019 will grow in all popular mushroom places.
Mushrooms in the Volgograd region in 2019
What mushrooms grow
On the territory of the Volgograd region, the mushroom season begins in mid-May and lasts until the first autumn frosts in September or October. In the region, these types of edible mushrooms are harvested:
- chanterelles (an early species, appears in May-June in pine and deciduous forests);
- white dung beetle (May species, eaten only in a young form, often found in gardens, cultivated fields, flower beds, humus heaps);
- champignon (fruiting in late June, grows in spruce forests and oak forests, on pastures, likes humus-rich soils);
- boletus (grows in May and June in deciduous forests with a large number of birches, aspen, berry bushes);
- white (begins to grow in June, mushroom pickers find ceps in pine and deciduous forests);
- butterdish (the period of the beginning of fruiting is June-July, grows in pine forests);
- real lump (growing since July in deciduous forests, has a large hat);
- moss fly (grows in July – August in mosses of pine forests);
- rowan poplar (begins to form fruiting bodies in August, grows in forests with a large number of poplars);
- autumn mushroom (found from the beginning of autumn, grows in numerous families on stumps and trunks of deciduous trees);
- greenfinch (grows in September, the main gathering place is pine forests).
Most mushrooms have a universal meaning: they are boiled, fried, marina, dried. Dung beetles are consumed only fresh, the main thing is to collect them in an ecologically clean place. The remaining mushrooms are recommended to be boiled for 10-15 minutes before use. This helps reduce toxicity and does not affect nutritional value.
In the Volgograd region, a large number of poisonous mushrooms is growing, which provoke food poisoning, nervous breakdowns, and some are fatal. List of Poisonous Species:
- Amanita muscaria (a deadly mushroom, has a convex (with time, flattening upon opening) red hat with white spots, a dense white leg, bears fruit in coniferous and mixed forests);
- pale grebe (a deadly poisonous species from the Amanita genus, has a bell-shaped gray-greenish or gray-white hat, which, as the fungus grows, opens completely and a white leg with a distinct tuberoid expansion at the base, found in coniferous and deciduous forests);
- poisonous rowan (first has a convex, with age, flat hat of dirty white color, families find in deciduous and coniferous forests);
- the row is white (the hat is grayish, at first it is convex then flattened, has spots, the leg does not differ in color from the hat);
- satanic mushroom (has a large grayish hat and a fleshy brightly colored leg, grows in oak forests and broad-leaved forests);
- thin pig (the shape of the hat resembles a pig’s ear, leg, like a fox’s);
- false honey agaric (the yellowish-brown hat first has the shape of a bell, then flattens when fully opened; the mushroom grows in clusters on the stumps of deciduous trees).
The use of fly agaric is deadly
Inedible mushrooms also appear in the region, which can have unpleasant taste and can cause mild poisoning. These include bile fungus, false satanic, undulating russula, tinder fungus, govorushka pale-colored.
Irina Selyutina (Biologist):
Gall, or false white mushroom, or bitter mustard, in appearance, has similarities with boletus. However, unlike its true edible counterparts, it is not eaten due to its bitter taste. Cooking (even long) does not relieve the mushroom from bitterness, on the contrary, it even intensifies.
A careful study of "appearance" immediately in the forest will distinguish mustard from real edible mushrooms:
- Spongy gimenofor painted in pink or dirty pink.
- The pulp is fibrous. On the cut, it immediately begins to change its color (turns pink or red).
- The presence of a characteristic brown mesh on the leg.
Some recommend licking the flesh of the “suspect”, but it is better to leave it in the most extreme case, because it has toxins that are easily absorbed into the blood (even with a simple touch of the pulp) and destroy the liver.
Edible mushrooms can also cause poisoning if they are not properly harvested. Mushroom pickers do not recommend going out into the forest in a drought. In the absence of moisture, the mycelium accumulates toxins and they are stored in the drying fruit body. Old mushrooms that have released spores are also not consumed.
You can not collect fruiting bodies in industrial areas, near roads and landfills.
Mushroom pickers go hunting throughout the Volgograd region. The most popular and affordable places:
- Tsimlyansk forests of the Chernyshevsky district;
- Kumyzhenskaya and Shakinskaya oak forests in Kalach-on-Don;
- Panshino village of the Gorodishchensky district;
- farm Vityutnev;
- Peskovatka village;
- village of Trekhostrovskaya;
- Swan glade;
- Rudnya village;
- Kletskaya village;
- Surovikino village;
- Ryabovsky farm;
The richest in mushroom crops are Kletsky and Chernyshevsky districts of the region. Also, many edible species grows in small forests and plantings along the banks of the Volga.
In the Volgograd region, due to the climate, the mushroom season begins later than in other regions. The territory is rich in various edible species. It is safe to collect fruiting bodies in rural areas, where the ecological situation is much better in comparison with that typical for urban areas. Before collecting, it is recommended to carefully study the descriptions of edible and poisonous species.