Mushrooms in the Tver region
Gather mushrooms in the Tver region after the first rains. Forest delicacies of these places are distinguished by excellent taste and variety. Before gathering, beginners need to prepare - find out where the mushroom places in Tver are, how to distinguish edible mushrooms from poisonous ones, which are suitable for drying and which are suitable for hot dishes.
Mushrooms in the Tver region
In order not to spoil the pleasure of harvesting the forest, it is worth talking with experienced people so that they tell you where the best mushroom places are in the region.
Mushrooms do not belong to plants or animals, so they are usually called forest organisms. They are divided into 4 categories:
- conditionally edible;
- not edible;
To taste, there is another classification of the first category. Edible are divided into three types. The most delicious and noble are considered white, breast, fawn. White and pink waves, oaks, oleagins, Polish and forest mushrooms lose to them in taste.
According to the description, chanterelles and mushrooms are classified in the third category with an average taste and weak aroma. Honey agarics, russula and morels are reckoned to it.
Conditionally edible are difficult to prepare and do not have a characteristic aroma. These are cobwebs, flywheels dung beetles, etc. They are prepared for at least 1 hour, it is better to do this only to specially trained people.
Types of mushrooms
The first harvest is started in the spring, when the air temperature has already warmed up enough, has reached 15-17 ° C and the first spring warm rains have passed. From the ground spring first-born begin to appear:
- field champignons;
- birch sponges.
The sponges on birch and oak are quite edible and original to taste. Champignons will delight before the onset of cold weather, until November. They grow both in clearings and in the thick of forests. They are good because they do not require long cooking.
In the summer months, the following edible group appears:
- white breasts;
- oyster mushrooms.
They are most popular and are more common than others. Their home is coniferous and mixed forests. Some grow on well-lit fringes, while others love partial shade and hide in the slums of the forest.
Russula and chanterelles, which appear in July, until November are found at the foot of spruce and pine trees. In the second half of summer, umbrella, white and their varieties appear. They are especially numerous in birch groves, whole families are found there.
Harvesting continues until the onset of cold weather. Autumn will delight you with oils, black breasts and other varieties.
Amanita contains many toxins
It happens that mushroom pickers mistakenly put poisonous mushrooms in their baskets that look like their edible counterparts or those that attracted with their beauty (fly agaric or hare lip).
The blushing fly agaric is a bright and beautiful specimen. It can be both tall and small. The variety contains a large amount of toxins.
The cleft lip or bile lip is considered a double of white, but the difference is dramatic in taste and quality. Gall bitter taste, its poison is deadly. It is difficult to remove toxins at home. From white, upon careful examination, it differs by a thin gray mesh on the leg and pink pigmentation on the back of the cap.
- thin pig;
- death cap;
- rowing talker;
Grebes look like Russula. The difference is in the thin "skirt" on the leg, the russula does not have it. When ingested, they are fatal.
There are many lamellar poisonous doubles, so before going to the forest, you should study all possible types of forest organisms.
In Tver, many species of edible and tasty mushrooms will please mushroom pickers. According to the mushroom map, their entire families are in forests, glades and summer cottages. In the Tver region They come from Moscow, the Moscow region and other regions and district centers.
The region has dense forests. Mushrooms in Tver grow precisely in such coniferous, deciduous and mixed forests.
There is no better place for whites, brown boletus and boletus as a forest near the village of Podduby. Here they find chanterelles and butter. This is not far from the village of Rozhdestvenno, if you turn left, reaching the stop “Zavod 1 May”.
On Vasilyevsky Moss, beyond the village Zavolzhsky, there is a forest in which mushrooms are harvested all season, from early spring to late autumn.
Along the road to Staritsa, in the forests from the village of Kalinovo to Rzhev, mushrooms, mushrooms, chanterelles grow.
In a pine forest near Semenovsky there are a lot of whites, breasts and waves. Fans of the “silent hunt” praise the places along the Turginovskaya road. In those forests they collect chanterelles, russula and various berries.
Benefit and harm
Forest organisms are 90% water. They include fiber, potassium, calcium and magnesium necessary for the construction of cells. A huge amount of vitamins, nicotinic acid and 18 amino acids. They contribute to the prevention of liver and kidney diseases, the circulatory system and urolithiasis.
Daily eating is the prevention of malignant tumors, stimulates human immunity.
Mushrooms are considered heavy food that is poorly digested. People suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract should consume them in limited quantities. Their chemical composition includes chitin, which slows down the stomach and, if improperly prepared, promotes putrefactive processes in the digestive tract.
When cooking, salting or preserving for the winter, it is important to adhere to the exact recipe. You should carefully sort out the crop, rinse it in several waters, boil and then proceed to the main method of preparation. Otherwise, cases of botulism are known.
Mushrooms behave like a natural sponge and pass through all the toxins from the soil and the environment. They can not be collected near busy roads. Therefore, people with weakened immune systems, pregnant women and children can only eat them with the permission of a doctor.
Tver region is one of the best places for a “quiet hunt”, which begins in the spring and continues until frost. After a successful trip, there are no problems with blanks for the winter. It is easy to please loved ones and friends with a variety of delicious dishes from such delicacies. A walk through the forest will bring not only aesthetic pleasure, but also benefit.