Mushrooms Mushrooms

Mlecnik mushrooms are divided into edible, food and conditionally food. They belong to the genus lamellar, the family of russula. Translated mushroom Miller means "giving milk." In Russia and the CIS countries there are more than 50 varieties.

Mushrooms Mushrooms

Characteristics

Mushroom Description:

  • the average size of the hat is 8 cm;
  • the edges of the young specimen are tightly pressed to the leg, with time it disconnects and takes on a flat-concave and funnel-shaped shape;
  • the edges are even, sometimes with a fuzzy wave;
  • the color palette is diverse: from white to dark olive, almost black. Color is changeable, depending on age;
  • The structure of the cap varies from smooth to scaly.

In nature, there are specimens with hats with a diameter of up to 30 cm. The taste of fresh pulp varies from burning, with a pronounced sharpness to sweetish. The color is brown, white blotches are possible, changeable with age. The aroma is almost not felt. A specific smell is characteristic only for some species.

Leg Description:

  • the structure is cylindrical;
  • tapering to the base or expanding;
  • the color is similar to a hat or a tone lighter;
  • diametric range - 1.5-4 cm;
  • height 5-10 cm;
  • the upper layer is smoothly structured;
  • with age, a cavity appears inside.

Common

Relate to conditionally food. Milky milky forms mycorrhiza with birch, spruce, and oak wood. The second name is tender Mlecher. In the woods appears in mid-July.

A young mushroom is distinguished by a convex hat of orange color. In the old specimen, it takes a funnel-shaped shape.

The dry bonnet has a velvety texture. The height of the legs varies between 3-8 cm. The pulp is odorless, orange, the structure is dense. The juice is white, watery, reacting with oxygen, does not change color.

Brown

Brown milky is conditionally a food variety. The hat is neatly folded around the edges. Usually, the central tubercle persists even in adult specimens of the brown Mlecnik. The color of the hat surface is brown on the outside, and white on the inside.

The surface is dry, velvety structure. The pulp on the cut is white, thin, easily breaks. Brown milky secretes a friable juice that turns yellow in reaction with air.

Oak

Oak miller settles in oak and mixed plantings. The mushroom is edible. It has a specific smell.

The diametrical range of the hat surface is 5-10 cm. The color of the top is brown. The surface is covered with uneven concentric circles. On the inside are cream plates that secrete milky juice when pressed.

Fragrant

The mushroom smells like coconuts

The milky aromatic is conditionally edible. The size of the hat surface is 3-6 cm. The color can be pink, red, lilac-gray, it depends on the age and characteristics of the local climate.

The surface is dry, not sticky, smooth. Leg, 2-3 cm high, loose in structure. The color is a tone lighter than the surface of the cap. As they mature, a cavity forms inside.

The pulp is white. The miller exudes a coconut flavor. The pulp is fresh. It is used as food for the winter.

Brown

Brown miller grows in spruce forests, on acidic soils. Mushrooms of this group are poisonous. Hat 2-8 cm, thin, fibrous. It is covered with dry, smooth skin, brown.

The lower plates are arranged in a descending order, reddish. The liquid released by the pulp is watery, white. In reaction with air, it acquires a brownish tint.

Faded

The milky faded conditionally food. Grows in deciduous forests, on hilly edges, next to birches, tall pines. Lamenophore. The diametrical range of the cap is 3-10 cm.

The hat is fleshy, thin, easy to crumble. Immature specimens of Mlecnik faded in the center are convex. Milky faded has a wine-brown color.

Leg size 4-8 cm, cylindrical. In young mushrooms, dense, full, in old ones, hollow. The color of the legs is gray-brown. The flesh is pale white, does not smell, produces a lot of milk, which in the air acquires a gray color.

Stunted

Milky mildew conditionally food. It is eaten salty, dried after soaking. Hat surface 3-5 cm. The color is red. The hat has a pronounced bulge in the center, the edges are down.

The plates have a similar color with a hat, descending. The leg is long. The pulp does not liberate juice abundantly. The liquid is white; upon drying, it acquires a yellow tint.

Wet

Wet milk is classified as edible. Some sources say that the fungus contains toxic toxins. Not recommended for use. The color of the hat is gray. Size 4-8 cm. Depressed in the center, with a small tubercle.

The skin is wet, sticky. Lamenophore. Under mechanical influence, it acquires a purple color. The juice is white; in reaction with air, it acquires a lilac hue. Fluid is plentiful.

Orange

Miller orange is inedible, conditionally poisonous. It has a citrus flavor. The diameter of the hat is 3-8 cm, the length of the legs is 3-6 cm. The plate-shaped hymenophore.

The color of the film is orange. Juice release plates have a light orange tint. Fluid is plentiful. The pulp is fibrous.

Hygrophoroid

Not all mushrooms are edible.

Hygrophoroid is edible, orange-brown. The plates located under the hat secrete milk. The pulp is white, the color does not change when exposed to air.

Mycorrhiza forms mainly with oak. Grows in deciduous forests. The second name of the hygrophoroid fungus is a red-brown breast.

White

White milky conditionally edible. It grows in dry pine forests. Prefers sandy soil. Hat surface 4-10 cm in diameter. The young mycelium is flat. The edges are tightly twisted, and over time they begin to twist.

The hat is covered with mucous skin. Drying, becomes milky white. The lower plates are forked, descending, emitting white juice when pressed. The juice is watery, fresh, does not change color in reaction with air.

Brownish

Brownish milky attributed to food varieties. Do not soak it before use. It settles in coniferous forests on sandy soils.

Hat Mlecnik brownish 5-10 cm, wavy at the edges. With age, the lactarius mushroom brightens. The skin is dry, velvety. The pulp is white, with age acquires a yellow tint. The fracture is slightly pink.

Lilac

The lilac milky is conditionally poisonous. The diameter of the thin cap is 5-10 cm. In the center there is a sharp papillary mound. The skin is dry, lilac-pink.

The pulp has a spicy aroma. It secretes a small amount of milky juice. Mushroom grows in alder.

Ordinary

The mushroom Mlecnik is edible. The diameter of the cap is 10-15 cm. It differs in a wheel shape. The edges are tucked inward, not downy.

The color of the common Miller is changeable: in young mushrooms it is brown, in old specimens it is lead-gray, almost black. Common Miller is common in all forests. It prefers moisture-intensive soils, appears in large quantities.

Marsh

The milky bog is edible. It is inferior in taste to a real loaf. The diameter of the hat is less than 5 cm. The hat is open-rounded.

The skin is red. The plateau hymenophore is frequent. The leg has a dense structure, pubescent. Pulp on a slice of swamp color. Raw tastes unpleasant. Milky juices are white; they become gray under the influence of air.

Sweetish

Edible mushroom (breast) sweetish edible. Hat 3-7 cm, oval-round, concave in the center. The plateau, frequent, descending.

The juice is white or gray-watery. Does not change color. It has a mild, slightly sharp taste.

Camphor

Camphor (breast) camphor - an edible mushroom, but the taste is low. The dense hat has a diameter of up to 10 cm. The surface is matte, brownish-orange.

At the bottom of the cap are plates. The pulp has a loose structure, exudes an unpleasant odor. The juice is plentiful, gray-white, does not change color.

Hepatic

Poisonous liver. Hat with a diameter of 3-7 cm, gray-brown color. The leg is a tone lighter.

The pulp is thin, light brown. Pink plates fit snugly on the hat. Inedible hepatic miller due to caustic juice.

Blue

Milky blue mushrooms are classified as edible. The hat is 5-15 cm, has a blue color, turns green when damaged. The surface is sticky.

The pulp is light blue. The juice is blue, it turns green when exposed to air. Mycorrhiza forms with deciduous trees.

Conclusion

Milky mushrooms are spread all over the world. They are divided into poisonous, conditionally edible (or conditionally food) and edible. Their main difference is the release of milky juice when pressed on the pulp. Food mushrooms are used in a salty, pickled form. Taste features are not high.

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