Mushrooms in May
Most mushroom pickers prefer to go on a “silent hunt” in late summer or fall. It was at this time that the largest number of edible mushrooms were found in the forest. However, some of their species begin to bear fruit in the spring. Edible mushrooms are rare in May, but this makes the “quiet hunt” even more interesting and, if I may say so, more reckless.
Mushrooms in May
May mushroom, also known as May kalotsibe, is unpretentious to climatic conditions and soil type. It can be found both in coniferous and deciduous forests. The main collection time is April, May. In summer, the mycelium rarely forms fungal bodies, but sometimes it occurs in July.
The plate head, which is painted white, first has a flat-rounded shape, and gradually grows flat as it grows. The color of the frequent records is white. The diameter of the mushroom cap does not exceed 10 cm. In dry weather, small surface cracks appear on it. The hat is located on a short and thick leg, also painted white. Scales and skirt are missing. The height of the fungus does not exceed 7-8 cm. It prefers to grow on the edges and meadows.
The mushroom pickers claim that it has a strong floury smell and taste. May mushroom is valued not so much for taste as for useful properties. It contains a huge amount of vitamins and amino acids, the content of animal and vegetable proteins is balanced. Also in the composition there are a large number of minerals.
Inedible double - rowing is white. It has an unpleasant odor, which is its main difference from the May mushroom.
Tinder fungi are a whole class of specialized tree parasitic fungi. Some of them are edible, some are poisonous. For this reason, many mushroom pickers prefer to bypass the tinder. However, edible varieties have a pleasant taste and are used to treat certain ailments.
More often, mushroom bodies are located nearby and it seems that they are formed of 2 or more hats. Mushrooms are flat-rounded. In some varieties, hats are a kind of wavy structure that does not have a certain shape. The size of fruiting bodies varies from 6 cm to 1.6 m. The following are edible varieties:
- tinder fungus;
- tinder funnel sulfur yellow;
- tinder fungus.
The tinder fungus has no definite shape. The diameter of its fruiting body is able to reach 1 m. It weighs about 20-25 kg. In spring, this variety is rare.
But the tinder funnel sulfur-yellow bears fruit in the spring. Its fruiting body is colored yellow. The edges are lighter, and the center of the mushroom caps are bright yellow, and sometimes ocher in color. The shape of the mushroom is like a fan. Light brown scales are present on the fruit body, the flesh is colored white. Young mushrooms exude a pleasant aroma. The smell of old mushroom bodies is often unpleasant, and they themselves become harsh, which is why they are not used in cooking. The young pulp has a light lemon flavor. This parasite prefers deciduous forests.
On the hat of the scaly tinder, there are dark brown scales of a rather large size. Suitable for use only at a young age.
Chaga, which is widely used in medicine, prefers deciduous forests. Hats have the appearance of growths, covered with a dark, almost black shell with numerous cracks. It settles more often on birch, willow or alder. In the process of mushroom development, the tree dies.
Irina Selyutina (Biologist):
Very often, chaga is confused with the following types of polypore: edged, real, false and birch sponge.
How to distinguish them from each other? For this it is important to know exactly the features of the appearance and ecological characteristics of the species.
- So the false tinder hat, unlike the chaga hat, has a regular shape with clearly visible dark brown circles on its surface. This fungus grows exclusively on stumps or dead trees, while the chaga appears exclusively on living ones.
- The fruit body of a real tinder funnel resembles a hoof and its flattened spore-bearing layer, looks down. It is mounted exclusively with the help of the center of the upper part. The surface is light gray, velvety, dark brown semicircles running along the entire perimeter are visible on it.
- The edged tinder is characterized by the color of the hat, which can have several shades. In addition, resinous substances are present on the surface of the fruiting body, giving it shine.
- The birch sponge is characterized by a kidney-shaped form with a slightly wrinkled and highly elastic integumentary tissue. It has no smell.
Inedible varieties include the southern ganoderma (southern tinder), ishnoderm resinous (resinous tinder), false Lundell tinder, brilliant pycnoporellus, oak tinder, black-footed tinder. These are far from all inedible varieties, but they are found most frequently.
Deer deer - a favorite deer treat, which he owes his name. On the territory of Russia is common. It will be possible to find it in places where the soil is rich in wood rotting remains. Sometimes it is found even in gardens where wood sawdust was used as fertilizer. It grows both singly and in small groups.
Plutei occur throughout the summer
A flat plate head with the edges lowered down, whose diameter is 10-12 cm, is covered with gray-brown skin. A long thin leg and small plates are painted white. The skirt is missing. At the cut point, the flesh emitting a weak mushroom aroma slightly changes color. The height of the plutee does not exceed 12 cm. They will be able to meet them at the end of May. They bear fruit throughout the summer. In some regions, collecting pluteys is obtained even throughout the fall. Mushroom is valued for its rich nutritional composition.
The inedible doubles of the plutee are not reindeer.
Spring honey agaric
Honey agaric is one of the most common mushrooms in Russia. The plate head has the shape of a bell. It is covered with a light brown smooth skin. The diameter of the mushroom cap does not exceed 7 cm. The elastic, long and thin leg, painted in a creamy white color, is often curved. The records are white. Spring honey mushrooms grow in numerous groups. You can find them in oak and pine groves. They are located nearby fallen trees or in pretty foliage. The first spring mushroom will be found in mid-May. Fruiting only ends in mid-October. The pulp has a mild mushroom taste and aroma, which is why this variety is not popular among mushroom pickers.
An inedible double is a false mushroom.
The description of the meadow honey agaric differs little from the characteristics of the spring variety of honey agarics. It will turn out to be found in a meadow, pasture, outskirts of the forest or even in a summer cottage. More often, the fruits do not grow in a ring, but line up. Sometimes they form a circle in the center of which mushrooms do not grow - witch circles, elf rings. They arise in the case of depletion of the soil by fungi, i.e. there is a complete absorption of all the nutrients of the soil and for the normal development of plants there is nothing left.
The plate head, painted in cream or light brown color, has a diameter of not more than 5 cm. In shape it is flat or flat-rounded, in the center there is a small tubercle. Old copies take the form of a bowl. With high humidity, the hat darkens and becomes sticky. It is located on a long leg, the diameter of which rarely exceeds 5 cm. At the bottom, it expands slightly, the skirt, characteristic of other species of honey mushrooms, is absent. The height of the meadow honey agaric does not exceed 10 cm. Collect this variety of honey agarics begin in late May and do this until October.
Poisonous twins are characteristic of the honey agaric, as well as many edible mushrooms.
Irina Selyutina (Biologist):
Poisonous counterparts of this species are whitish talker and forest-loving collibia. You can distinguish them by the following features:
- The talker is poisonous: a bright white hat in the form of a saucer, the leg is short (about 4 cm). By the way. The whitish talker has subspecies: the city is waxy and the city is grayish. It grows in the same place as real meadow mushrooms.
- Collibia is wood-loving: the hat is brown with a white tint, the leg is thin, up to 6 cm long. It prefers mixed forests, where it settles on decaying wood or leaf litter. It does not occur in open glades.
Poisonous counterparts bear fruit almost at the same time as real honey agarics. Therefore, you need to be careful
The first boletus trees appear at the end of May. The time of the main collection falls at the beginning of June. They grow in mixed and deciduous forests, prefer birch groves. The tubular hat with a diameter of 3-4 cm is covered with brown skin. The leg is expanded downward; characteristic dark brown scales are present. The tubular layer and the leg of the young mushroom are cream colored. Toward the end of June, the tubular layer acquires a grayish color, which does not affect the edibility of the fungus. The second name of the fungus is obabek.
Many mushrooms grow in May. At this time, it was possible to collect oak mushrooms, Polish mushrooms, butter and morels. Oak boletus is a valuable trophy, however, it can only be found if May is rainy. The first morels appear in late April. Some varieties grow even in the mountains (morel conic). Also in April, the collection of April mushroom and some varieties of oyster mushrooms begins. April and May will be rich in forest resources in the presence of rain. If there is no rain in the spring, you should go to harvest in early June.