Mushroom places of Smolensk region
Mushrooms of the Smolensk region are characterized by a high density of growth, they can be found almost everywhere where there is a birch forest. In any case, every experienced mushroom picker will say this.
Mushroom places of Smolensk region
For those who are just beginning to comprehend the charm of "silent hunting", a map of mushroom places has been compiled.
Here are the following mushroom places:
- Lake Aleksandrovskoe: a forest nearby is famous for its mushrooms. You can get there by private car or by bus number 20.
- Lake Astrogany: Boron located near this reservoir is very interesting for mushroom pickers. There goes bus number 103.
- Spas-Lipki village: you can get to this place by bus number 133.
- Babny village: to get to it, you should go towards Kaspli for about 30 km.
Mushroom spots in the Smolensk region of this region can be found in the vicinity of the village of Gusino. The village is located near the highway M1 "Belarus" at a distance of 20 km from the regional center. This is the most productive place in the Smolensk region. It is very popular among fans of this product, and no one leaves here without a full basket.
In this region of the Smolensk region, mushrooms should be sought in the villages:
- Nikitino: this corner of the Smolensk region can be reached if you move towards Velizh about 15 km from the regional center ( near the village of Zakrutye ).
- Lukashovo: located in the same direction as the previous one, but at a distance of 18 km from the city.
- Poluyanovo: the same direction, location - not far from the asphalt plant.
The presence of an asphalt plant requires removal to collect mushrooms outside the sanitary zone of the enterprise.
Mushroom places in this area of the Smolensk region are located in the following villages:
- Lower Sekachi: this settlement is located 8 km from Velizh on the Vitebsk highway.
- Upper part: you can also reach this corner along the Vitebsk highway. It is located 18 km from the district center.
- Panfilovo: this place is located near the village of Kashino, which is located at a distance of 25 km from the district center.
To gather mushrooms in the area, it is recommended to visit the forests near these villages:
- Pleshivtsevo: to get to the village, you need to go towards Dorogobuzh for 20 km from the district center.
- Byvalka: located at a distance of 30 km from the town of Yelnya. To get to it, you need to move in the direction of Roslavl.
- Fedorovka and Old Mutishche: the first of them can be reached if you go southeast at a distance of 12 km from the town of Yelnya, the second one is 16 km from the same city.
The area is rich in mushroom places.
Mushroom spots in the Smolensk region in this area are located in the forests near the villages:
- Eryshy: this settlement can be reached if you move in the north. The corner is located 10 km from the district center.
- Ribshevo-1 : the direction is the same as in the previous place, the distance from the district center is a little further - 31 km.
The most productive place in the region is the village of Khokhlovka. It can be reached if you move towards Yelnya. The village is located at a distance of 12 km from Smolensk. However, the Roslavl district is, in principle, famous for its abundance of mushroom places, so they can be found not only near this settlement.
Irina Selyutina (Biologist):
As soon as the snow begins to melt, one of the earliest and very first mushrooms, the sarcoscifus, appears on the sun-warmed forest areas. In appearance, it is a kind of beautiful red “mushroom flower”. Representatives of two species from this genus can grow nearby: the sarcoscifus alai and the sarcoscifus Austrian. Distinguish them "by eye", without magnifying devices will not work. They are usually called the "elf bowl, " "rubella, " or "scarlet saucer." Apothecia sizes can reach 3-5 cm in diameter. It is hymenia that gives the color of the inner surface, which gave the name to the mushroom.
Prefer sarcosciffs for living forests (mixed and broad-leaved), city parks and roadside forest belts. There they settle both on land and on plant debris of different origin. He also likes roadside ditches littered with deadwood, the mild banks of small swamps, and moist forest lowlands. Sarcosphytes grow either singly or in large groups. The fungus is distributed practically throughout the European part of the Russian Federation. Despite the fact that the sarcosciff appears in early spring, you can find it in late autumn and winter (if it is warm enough, with long or frequent thaws). However, the usual growth time falls on the 2nd-3rd decade of March or the beginning of April, and until the average daily temperature is + 15 ... + 20 ℃. As soon as this threshold is exceeded - that's all, the mushroom has "gone."
Morels, lines and hats of morels appear behind the sarcoscifa. They collect them diligently in order to feast themselves and surprise friends.
Types of False Mushrooms
If the mushroom picker has just begun to comprehend the basics of "quiet hunting", then alone it is better for him not to go to the forest. It is recommended to take with you that person who understands mushrooms and can distinguish edible from poisonous.
If the inexperienced mushroom picker is still going to go to the forest alone, then he needs to take only those species that are not in doubt. Most often, the following species are confused with edible mushrooms:
- Satanic and biliary: they are often mistaken for ceps, which grow abundantly in the Smolensk region. But in fact, the bile mushroom is unsuitable for food because of the bitter taste, and the satanic one is poisonous. They differ in that the bottom of the cap (spore-bearing layer is a hymenophore) has a pink or red hue. Poisonous mushrooms have one more sign: if the hat is broken, it will first turn red at the site of damage, and then change its hue to a dark color;
- false mushrooms: they can be confused with real honey mushrooms. Distinguishing these species from each other is very simple. The main sign of edible mushrooms is the presence of a “skirt” ring on the leg. The poisonous ones do not. In addition, good mushrooms have a brown-yellow hat, false ones - red or yellow-green.
It is also not recommended to collect mushrooms, inside which a large amount of liquid has accumulated. This indicates damage or overriding. Such mushrooms can secrete harmful substances and “turn” from edible to poisonous.
A map of mushroom places in the Smolensk region will help to collect a rich harvest of boletus, porcini, boletus and other types of mushrooms. In addition, it is necessary to know the differences between edible mushrooms and false ones, so that a trip to the forest does not end with sad consequences.