Mukuzani grape cultivation
Mukuzani grapes appeared on the market a few years ago. It refers to wine crops. This hybrid is considered non-covering, it is often planted in areas as an ornamental plant.
Mukuzani grape cultivation
Mukuzani hybrid grapes have early ripening. When growing this variety in the central regions of the country, harvesting occurs in early August, in the northern - at the end of September.
The average height of the bush of Mukuzani grapes is 4 m. According to the description, the leaves have both 3 and 5-lobed structure. The cross sections on the surface of the sheet plate are deep. It is covered with a rough layer. The shape of the sheet is round.
Flowering occurs with the help of bisexual flowers, which positively affects the possibility of self-pollination and further productivity indicators. Shoots are developing well. On each, 4 large clusters are formed.
Description of the fetus
The clusters are cone-shaped, medium in size. According to the description of Mukuzani grapes, their average weight is 700-800 g.
The berries are small. Each has a weight of 3 g. The peel is dense, thick, bright blue. Inside each berry there is a small amount of small seeds. The pulp is dense, crispy.
Fruits do not crack and do not fall off when overripe, so they are often harvested a few weeks after the due date. Due to this, they become sweeter.
It is better to grow Mukuzani grape variety in sunny areas. This will help to achieve rapid ripening of the fruits and enhance their sweet taste. An ideal place would be the south side. In terms of soils, the variety is unpretentious. The only requirement is protection from wind and drafts, so the landing is carried out near hedges or arbors.
Seedlings are bought at the end of winter, until they are planted they are stored in containers. The root system of the plant is poorly developed, therefore, planting is carried out directly in them, removing only the bottom. The optimal time for planting is considered the end of March, but it is better to prepare holes from November. To do this, they dig the entire site, for each square meter, 2 buckets of humus are brought in.
They dig a planting hole until frost. Its dimensions should be 70x70 cm. A drainage system is installed at the bottom so that groundwater does not disturb the development of roots.
In the spring, a seedling is placed inside the hole. Its optimal height should be 1.2 m. The root part is sprinkled with earth. After that, a shallow circular trench is made around the seedling, designed for irrigation. A support is installed next to which planting material is tied. The distance between the rows should be 2 m, and between the bushes - 3 m.
Variety needs compulsory fertilizer
The Mukuzani grape variety is unpretentious in care. He needs only high-quality nutrition. The first fertilizers are applied only the next year after planting. This will give the plant time to form naturally. In spring, 20 l of superphosphate solution is added under the root (20 g is diluted in 10 l of warm water). At the time of fruiting, the bushes feed 15 l of ammonium nitrate solution (10 g per 5 l of warm water). In autumn, the plant does not need preparation for winter, so it is enough to mulch the upper layer of the earth with humus.
Before irrigation, all weeds are removed. After that, the topsoil is loosened to a depth of 10 cm. You need to water the Mukuzani grape variety after lunch using water at room temperature. Watering is carried out with an interval of 25 days, 15 liters of water are poured under each bush.
The Mukuzani grape variety does not need pruning: its crown is already rare. The more vines on it, the better it will look around the arbor. Dry branches must be removed.
Common Diseases and Pests
Among the diseases, the following are distinguished:
- Downy mildew. In the fight against it, a solution of Bordeaux fluid is used (20 g per 5 liters of water).
- Gray rot. A solution of copper sulfate (10 g per 5 l of water) helps to fight it.
- Fruit rot. Against it, treatment with khomus helps (30 g per 5 liters of water).
Of the pests are birds, wasps and aphids. Special dense nets that enclose the bushes help get rid of birds. Salvation from wasps are special mesh bags. They are put on every bunch of bush. As an aphid control, an oxychoma solution (10 g per 3 l of water) is used.
The Mukuzani wine variety has become popular due to its high yields. It is easy to care for this grape variety even for beginners, which makes it even more popular.