Mountain pine Winter Gold - a special plant on the site
Ornamental plants are widely used by landscape designers and gardeners to ennoble the site and give it a modern, beautiful look. Mountain pine Winter Gold is an original shrub capable of transforming a sad autumn or winter shades of the garden with its unusual color and dwarf structure, turning it into a cozy and stylish place.
Mountain pine Winter Gold
Juicy green, emerald needles in the summer become lemon yellow in the fall, and in winter they acquire a delightful golden color (hence the name “Winter gold”, which means “Winter gold” in English).
View brief information
- Color : from juicy green (emerald) in the summer, to golden in the winter.
- Height : up to 1 m.
- Crown width : up to 1.5 m.
- In which regions it grows : in almost all natural zones and climatic zones of European countries, especially in southern and central Europe.
- Landing Features : Lighted areas are preferred. Crowding: the optimal distance between the landing pits is about 4 m.
- Immunity : resistance to most diseases and pests is observed.
The decorative mountain pine Carstens Winter Gold was first obtained by selection by Dutch breeders in 1969.
Initially, it existed only in the Netherlands. Today, when the soil meets the recommended conditions, the variety is grown in almost all natural zones and climatic zones of European countries, especially in southern and central Europe.
It grows wonderfully in sandy or sandy loamy moist or moderately dry soil, even if it contains few nutrients. Prefers slightly acidic soil.
Winter Gold is a slow-growing dwarf plant: on average, it grows by 4 cm in 1 year.
By 10 years, reaches a maximum of 1 m in height and about 1.5 m in width.
Is a chameleon - the color of the needles varies depending on the time of year. The most striking shade in winter is the Carstens variety - during this period it resembles an orange-orange ball.
Mountain pine is unpretentious to irrigation and soil, drought, wind and frost resistant.
The minimum temperature for growth is -35 ° C. It adapts well to various climatic conditions.
Winter Gold - a beautiful, bright, unpretentious plant that requires minimal care
- The crown is spherical, fluffy, dense. Pine needles are hard, short, sharp, collected in bundles of 2 needles.
- The branches are vertical. Relative to each other are located densely. Almost close to the ground.
- The bark is initially smooth. Color from taupe to dark gray. Gradually cracking, small scales appear on it.
- Cones are round, small, from 2 to 4 cm in diameter. The color is dark brown.
- The root system is well developed. The roots are branched, prostrate. Location from superficial to in-depth.
Trees need sunlight
To plant Winter Gold pine successfully, you must follow all the recommendations.
A site with rocky-sandy soil, well lit by sunlight, is best suited.
Landing is best done:
- in the middle of spring (from late April to early May);
- in early autumn (from late August to mid-September).
If, for some reason, the procedure occurs in the winter, with frozen soil, then this can only be done with large shrubs.
Seedlings are selected from the age of 3 to 5 years. They are best rooted in a new place.
To plant pine, prepare a landing pit. It should slightly exceed the size of the root system.
A drainage layer about 20 cm high is lined at the bottom. Gravel and broken brick are suitable as a material for it.
Drainage is especially important for heavy and moist soils. A little sand is poured on top.
Tip: if the soil consists mainly of sand, dilute it with clay.
In the process, you need to try to keep a lump of earth formed around the roots.
- A seedling is planted in a prepared hole, it is filled with a substrate from soddy soil and sand taken in an approximate ratio of 2: 1 (the amount depends on the soil, the substrate must pass water and air well, be light);
- it is very important not to dig the root neck into the ground, it is advisable to raise it so that when shrinking it finds itself at the level of the soil (especially for large bushes);
- the ball of the substrate, which is poured into the near-barrel circle, is carefully packed and watered abundantly with water.
When planting several crops, take into account their further growth. Leave a distance between them: for large varieties of the order of 4 m, for small varieties - about 1.5 m.
Winter gold does not require complicated maintenance. However, some recommendations regarding watering, fertilizing, pruning, reproduction, etc., are still necessary.
Do not water the bush too often:
- immediately after planting, the near-stem circle is abundantly irrigated;
- the first 30 days, the procedure is carried out 1 time per week, based on up to 2 buckets per 1 bush;
- after the specified time, watering is needed only during periods of prolonged drought.
Like most conifers, the variety tolerates a lack of moisture.
Pine does not need feeding
Mountain pine does not need frequent fertilizers. It is enough the first couple of years after planting from time to time to add a growth stimulator to the soil.
The optimal amount is from 30 to 40 g per 1 square. m. of soil. Adult shrubs are unpretentious, strong and hardy, so they do not need to be fed at all.
Mulching and loosening the soil
In the wild, culture prefers slightly acidic soil, it will be useful in the garden to create a natural habitat for it.
The easiest way to achieve this is by regular mulching and loosening of the soil.
The first mulching is carried out immediately after planting. The trunk circle is mulched and well watered.
As mulch you can use:
- natural organic matter - leaves, grass, straw, humus;
- inorganic materials - stones, sand, gravel, crushed rubber, etc.
The mulch layer should be between 5 and 7 cm.
Recommendation: do not remove the needles that have fallen from the mountain pine - they will also serve as a good mulch, able to retain moisture in the soil and feed the plant with useful minerals.
Haircut and trim
Experienced gardeners recommend performing plant care in the form of a haircut in the second year of a seedling's life. The growth of branches directly depends on this.
It is desirable to form a crown in late winter – early spring. You can pinch instead of cropping.
Information: the grafted pine on the stem, the crown of which grows not very large, can be trimmed, forming a very nice ball shape.
A young plant in winter can suffer from severe frosts and from sunburn. It is advisable to take measures to protect it.
- Shelter. As a covering material use spruce, burlap, non-woven agrofibre. They cover seedlings before spring.
- Binding. Branches of especially large pines are connected to prevent them from breaking under the weight of the snow cover.
- Snow removal. Snow accumulates between the branches of the bush. It must be removed, since acting on the principle of an optical lens, it provokes burns to the base of the shoots.
- Powder. Icy ice on the bark can harm the plant. To get rid of it, sprigs are sprinkled with soil, peat. This causes the ice to thaw without damage to the shrub.
So that the mountain pine finally wakes up in the spring, it is watered with warm water.
The flowering and fruiting period begins at the age of 6 years and lasts for 10 years. Reproduction is annual, from late May to early June.
Cuttings of various varieties of mountain pine have a too narrow callus layer, so rooting by shoots is difficult. Recommended plant propagation by seeds.
The tree is recommended to propagate by seed
Cones are harvested at the end of autumn and placed in a warm room for opening. Seeds are placed in water and selected for sowing only those that sink to the bottom of the tank.
- soak them in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour;
- spread on a constantly moistened piece of tissue for 14 days;
- biting specimens are treated with fungicide for prophylaxis and placed in pots with sphagnum and pine bark to a depth of 5 mm;
- put in a warm, well-lit place;
- the substrate is periodically watered a little.
Sprouts appear in mid-spring. Over the summer, their root system is growing stronger, and already next spring they are planting.
Diseases and Pests
The variety has a stable immunity to most ailments.
The most dangerous for him is the fungus Schütte disease, the main signs of which are:
- blackening of twigs;
- drying and shedding of needles.
For treatment, timely treatment of the shrub with a fungicide is needed.
Of the pests, pine hermes can be distinguished - aphids that feed on coniferous juice.
Its presence on the plant can be easily recognized by the white cannon on the needles and the poor growth of Winter gold. Less often damaged by ticks, bark beetles.
In the fight against insects and as a prevention of their appearance, spraying with insecticides is used. Ticks are destroyed by acaricides.
Use in landscape design
The undersized shrub harmoniously fits into the landscape both in single and in group planting. They are decorated with:
- Alpine hills and rockeries;
- balconies, loggias;
- terraces, places for relaxation;
- stone gardens;
- walls of buildings;
- sculptural compositions, fountains;
- stony soil of slopes;
- borders, protections, lawns.
Mountain pine can be planted with other coniferous and deciduous trees, berry bushes, vertical flowers.
For undersized plants, it serves as a beautiful back evergreen background.
When planting in a group with tall crops, dwarf pine is planted in the foreground.
Most gardeners value the experience of growing Winter Gold pines. They are attracted to the plant:
- unpretentiousness in leaving;
- resistance to drought, frost, disease, pests;
- beautiful appearance, especially in winter;
- the possibility of creating with its help a unique landscape design.
You can grow a culture not only for professional gardeners, but also for beginners.