Moscow Flawless Grapes
Among mid-season species, Moscow grapeless grapes are characterized by high frost resistance and unpretentiousness. The variety has large fruits. It is used for decorative purposes: arbors, arches surround the vine. The variety is universal, great for the Moscow region. Not afraid of heavy loads.
Description of Moscow Flameless Grapes
The culture is characterized by good growth and fruiting in different areas. It is grown in the northern regions.
From the beginning of budding to full maturity of bunches, 115-130 days pass. According to the description, grapes have a number of positive qualities:
- good yield: on arched plantings Moscow grapes produce 30-50 kg of fruit from the bush;
- frost tolerance up to -35 ° С;
- excellent transportability;
- resistance to mildew, oidium, gray rot.
The disadvantages include the fact that the culture is affected by other fungal diseases.
The plant is vigorous. The vine is densely leafy. The leaves are large, five-fingered, with a slight pubescence. The grapes are self-pollinated, because the flowers are bisexual. The variety is used as a pollinator for plants with female flowers.
The clusters are round, large, their weight is 400-500 g. The mass of berries is about 5 g. The color is blue-violet. The skin is dense. The pulp is juicy. The taste is sweet, harmonious. The amount of sugar is 18%. Fruits are an excellent antioxidant. Suitable for making wines and juices.
Due to the unpretentiousness of the variety, even inexperienced gardeners can cultivate Moscow flawless grapes.
It is better if the site for planting will be located on the south side of the garden. It should be protected from drafts, as well as well-lit. With a lack of light, fruit will not be tied. It is required that there is a gazebo or other structure nearby, then the vine will be able to curl, and it will become easier to take care of the plant.
Acidic and loose soil is suitable for growing grapes, so when preparing for planting, strongly acid peat is added. Also planted in sandy and rocky ground.
The landing process is carried out at the end of May. Dig holes with a depth and diameter of 60 cm, with a distance of 1.5 m between them. If the soil is heavy, then crushed stone is laid on the bottom of the pit with a layer of 20 cm, and sod with grass down on top. The following fertilizers are also added:
- 80 g of superphosphate;
- 50 g of potassium chloride;
- bucket of humus.
All components are mixed with earth. Seedlings are laid in the pit, straightening the roots. They fall asleep, compact the soil, and water it abundantly. Pour a layer of mulch: straw, grass or sawdust. If a large number of seedlings are planted at the same time, it is better to dig a trench. Grapes must be backed up.
The variety does not require special attention, but to get a plentiful harvest, you should follow the rules. Recommended pruning - for 4-8 eyes. Unnecessary green shoots and leaves break off in the summer so that the plant does not thicken. This provides access to light and air, as a result, the crop ripens faster.
The variety is cold-resistant, so it is not sheltered for the winter. Some gardeners just push it to the ground.
So that the grapes develop well and bear fruit, top dressing is performed according to the following principle:
- In the beginning of spring, complex mineral preparations are introduced.
- In summer, ammonium nitrate is used, which is canceled at the beginning of bunch ripening.
- Introduce magnesium - an element that increases the immunity of the vine. It is used for foliar fertilizer. To do this, prepare a solution: 150 g of sulfate per 10 liters of water. Repeat after 2 weeks.
Nutrients are added in 3 stages:
- when new shoots reach 10-15 cm;
- 10-15 days after flowering;
- before ripening berries.
In the first year after planting in cloudy weather, the plant needs to moisten the soil once a week, in hot weather - every other day. The next season, the bushes are watered only in dry weather (once a week). It is impossible to swamp the site. The soil should be moistened 0.5 m deep. Under adult plants do not make water. Watering is combined with top dressing.
The soil is regularly loosened. Thanks to this procedure, oxygen is delivered to the root system. At the same time, weeds are removed so that they do not take on part of the nutrition. To preserve moisture and prevent weed growth, the soil around the vines is mulched.
Diseases and Pests
Moscow grossless is immune to many diseases, but at temperatures above 27 ° C there is a risk of infection by fungal pathogens. To combat ailments, plants are sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate or a 1% Bordeaux mixture. The treatment is repeated after 1-1.5 weeks, because the action of the funds ends through this period.
Be sure to treat the plants that were sick last year. Spraying helps to heal small cracks, and also fights pests and their oviposition.
Preventive actions are taken before the flowering period begins. For this purpose, use drugs "Ridomil", "Ordan." During the ripening of bunches, use “Kurzat” and “Oksikhom”. All treatments are stopped 3-4 weeks before harvest.
According to the description, the Moscow variety without coverless tolerates frosts well and does not require additional protection in the cold season. It is an excellent option for cultivation in regions with harsh climates.
With proper care, the crop will delight the crop for 3 years after planting. If mistakes have been made, fruiting will be late.