Milk Milkweed Growing at Home

Euphorbia Milius at flower growers is better known as Euphorbia milia. This is one of the many species of euphorbiaceae that many have liked for its attractive appearance, despite the fact that signs do not recommend keeping spiny flowers at home.

Euphorbia Mile

About beautiful milkweed

This succulent is often called beautiful and brilliant, but lovers of indoor succulent often call it the crown of thorns. Some associate the latter name with the abundance of thorns on its stems.

In fact, Mila owes her name to Baron Milius, the former governor of the French island region of Reunion. It was he who in 1821 introduced the French to one of the most beautiful varieties of milkweed.

Large-flowered euphorbia Mile is a Madagascar endemic.

In the natural environment of its growth in the highlands of Africa and in the highlands of the island of Madagascar, Euphorbia Mila forms impenetrable euphorbiae thickets, therefore it often sits in tropical regions as a natural fence. Today it is often grown as a decorative garden culture and, thanks to its ability to grow to large sizes, it is used for landscape design. Recently, Euphorbia Milius has become a frequent resident of urban apartments, having mastered window sills and reduced its size, but without losing attractiveness.

Morphological description

Description Milkweed Milius relates succulents to branched shrubs reaching a height of up to 1.8 m.

Trunk

The stalk of the plant reaches a diameter of 20 cm. Its color is gray, it looks like it is covered with a touch of light, a little ribbed. On the trunk of Milkweed milk there are many hard spikes of sufficient length. The upper part of the stem of the plant turns into foliage.

Foliage

The leaf blades of Milkweed milkweed are elliptical in shape, bright green in color, up to 3.5 centimeters long and up to 1.5 centimeters wide. Each has 2 stipules. As it grows, the growing leaves of milkweed fall off, leaving behind spines formed by stipules.

Inflorescence

The petals of the inflorescence of the plant are rounded, up to 1.2 centimeters wide. The inflorescence itself consists of flowers, which are from two to four and each group has bracts. The bracts have a different color. Euphorbia Mile can bloom with scarlet, orange or yellow flowers.

In the stem and foliage of brilliant milkweed there is milky juice, which is a white liquid of a thick consistency. This juice contains poison, therefore, if handled carelessly, it can cause damage to the skin, causing irritation and burns of the skin.

Flowering features

All external beauty of Milkweed Milkweed is concentrated in its flowering. This species of succulent plant blooms throughout the calendar year. In this case, the flowers are quite plain-looking yellow flowers with a tiny size. The true beauty and external appeal of Milkweed Milk is given by multi-colored bracts of leaf. Here they can be bright orange, red and no less bright than the flowers themselves, yellow.

Due to the environment of the flower with such bold leaf plates, the inflorescence looks outwardly quite large.

A single euphorbia plant Mila can be dotted with many flowers that are scattered across all branches coming from the stem, which makes the succulent quite voluminous.

When growing and caring for milk Mila at home, the temperature regime, which affects the flowering process of the plant, is of no small importance. So, it is possible to provoke the Milkweed euphorbia to lush bloom if you lower the temperature to 15 ° C and provide the room flower with extra bright light.

Euphorbia Mile may not give flowers if he gives many shoots and is actively budding. In this case, the plant does not have enough strength to grow flowers, they all go to the growth and development of branches and buds.

Initial landing

Euphorbia Milya purchased at a flower shop should be transplanted into soil suitable for it. However, do not rush with its transplant. To adapt a houseplant to the new growing conditions, it is not recommended to transplant succulents earlier than after 10 days after purchase. It should be placed in a well-lit place, but without direct sunlight.

As the soil for the initial home planting of Milkweed Milk, a mixture that includes:

  • coarse sand,
  • charcoal,
  • leaf humus.

All components are mixed in equal proportions.

At the bottom of the flower pot, where the euphorbia will be transplanted, a drainage layer is laid out. The plant installed in the container is sprinkled on all sides with a soil mixture. Given that Milius is not growing very intensively, it is recommended to transplant it no earlier than 2 years later, returning to this process with the same interval afterwards. Only when the root system of the plant begins to overflow the pot, can a transplant be planned before the onset of the two-year interval.

Creating a comfortable environment

Euphorbia milius florists attribute to unpretentious succulents - long-livers. Subject to only a number of basic conditions, home care for a decorative plant will ensure the flowering of euphorbia year-round.

Moisturizing

Watering Milkweed milkweed has several specific features:

  • in winter, the succulent does not need frequent watering, it will be enough 2-3 times during the whole winter,
  • during the period of active growth, starting from spring and ending in autumn, the earth must be constantly moist,
  • water should be watered at a warm temperature, not lower than room temperature.

When the milkweed dries, Mil should not immediately destroy it as if it were dead. Intensive watering helps to restore the home flower in a short time, during which Milya decays and begins to develop further.

Succulent Mila loves water procedures in the form of a warm shower and spraying and does not like dirt on her leaves at all.

Light and temperature

The most optimal temperature will be an indicator of 18 ° C. When caring for milkweed Mil, it must be remembered that lowering the degree scale below 10 ° C will be detrimental to the flower.

Light for Milkweed Millet is of no small importance, because the southern side of the room will be the best place to place a flower pot. When the warm season begins, many flower growers take out their indoor flower to fresh air or transplanted into the open ground for the summer period.

Seedlings and pruning

At home, hybrid euphorbia can be propagated by cuttings. Milkweed is extremely rarely grown by seeds. You can do this right away when spring comes.

Planting by cuttings

This is the most favorable way to propagate the Mila variety. This is done by cutting the upper part of the cuttings and placing it in soil, made by mixing sand and peat components. Before planting a cut stalk, it is dipped for a while in water so that milky juice flows out of the slice. For planted cuttings create a greenhouse by covering the top with a film. It is better to root the trimmed stalk by the location of the seedling in a warm place: on the stove or battery.

Seed propagation

Despite the good germination of Mila's milkweed seeds, this method of propagation is rarely used, as it often leads to the loss of varietal qualities of the plant. Another obstacle to seed propagation is their difficult collection.

Pruning

Pruning is done to form the crown of the flower. Trim it is necessary in the horizontal direction, pinching the tops, then all the side kidneys. When the plant grows to the desired height, the entire crown of it is regularly trimmed.

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