Meyer Lemon Description
Meyer Lemon is a perennial culture that belongs to the genus Citrus. The plant was brought from China and, after adaptation, is grown in any region. The variety is suitable for planting at home.
Meyer Lemon Description
Meyer lemon is a hybrid variety - it withstands temperature changes and rarely gets sick, except for viral diseases that can lead to the death of a crop.
Citrus bears fruit once a year. Fruiting occurs early. The tree has several years of active growth, after which it begins to bloom and bear fruit. The optimal term for the first fruiting is 5 or 6 years. The variety is early ripening, so after flowering it takes no more than 8 months until the ripe fruit is obtained.
According to the characteristic of Meyer lemon, it is suitable for home growing - it needs proper lighting and moisturizing, and the rest of the care is minimal.
The disadvantage of the variety is the shape of the crown - the culture grows in the form of a bush, not a tree, like other types of lemon varieties. To create the correct form, pruning is carried out, especially in the first years of seedling growth. In winter, the tree completely or partially loses foliage - this is a normal phenomenon due to slow processes in the rhizome. The variety is frost-resistant: the tree withstands air temperatures up to -10 ° C.
In open ground, the tree grows up to 5 m, and at home, the maximum height of an adult bush is 2-3 m.
General characteristics of the bush:
- the shape of the crown is round and symmetrical;
- has many lateral branches that grow rapidly;
- has small spines on old branches. They are located along the main trunk;
- leaves are small dark green in color;
- the leaves are hard.
At home, the bush grows rapidly - it tends to grow in breadth, and not up, therefore, the growth of side branches needs special control. The foliage on the bush is evergreen, it does not change its color, and in adverse conditions it simply falls. According to the description, the inflorescences grow in the form of clusters, small in size and white or light purple in color. The smell of the inflorescences is pleasant, unobtrusive. The ovary is formed on young branches, and less on old inflorescences.
The fruits of the variety have a rounded shape, do not grow large. The average weight of one fruit is 100-120 g. The peel of the fruit changes from yellow to orange - the longer the fruit hangs, the darker it is. The surface of the fruit is smooth and shiny, on it there are no tubercles familiar to citrus. Citrus remains on the branches for a long period and does not lose its taste. Fruits cannot be transported for a long time, otherwise they lose their presentation.
According to the characteristics of lemon meyer, the fruits of the variety have a specific taste - unlike other varieties, they taste more like oranges. The fruits are juicy. Lemon juice has a characteristic acidity.
Buy a grafted seedling for growing
Meyer lemon can be bought or planted by yourself. If this is a purchased copy, it must be vaccinated, i.e. pass the stock to give a good harvest. It is easier to grow a variety from a cuttings planted in the warm season.
Meyer lemon propagation is carried out from a perennial culture. The seedling should be grafted and soaked in a special solution (for at least 10 hours). If you plant an annual stalk, citrus will not take root or grow weak. Young plants need a transplant - such measures will help improve bush growth. In most cases, lemon propagation is carried out using seeds that are extracted from the fruit or by cuttings.
Meyer lemon is planted in pots. Young seedlings are immersed in specially prepared soil. For such a mixture you will need:
- part of the sheet land;
- part of the sand;
- part of the humus (fertilizer);
- two parts of turf land.
Such soil will provide a young shoot with all the nutrients necessary for active growth. For a lemon tree soil with neutral acidity is selected. The root neck is immersed in the pot on a par with the topsoil - this is an important condition for the rapid growth of seedlings. After planting, the seedling is watered abundantly. A young shoot is transplanted every year until the age of five - after which the tree grows in a constant pot, and only the upper layers of the soil change. During planting, a drainage is established for the plant, which will not allow the water to stagnate, and the root system to rot.
Care for Meyer's lemon at home consists in constant watering, fertilizing the soil, pruning excess branches. Additionally, lighting is installed, without which the Meyer lemon does not grow. An important condition for the proper development of the lemon bush is air humidity. A humid climate is the most suitable medium for seedling growth.
You can not put the pot near heating systems, if a window sill with good lighting is selected for cultivation, then there should not be batteries or heaters under it. Additionally, air around the bush is sprayed with ordinary water - this creates additional humidity. Citrus care includes constant pruning. Pruning Meyer's lemon is an important step. Not only the shape of the crown is formed, but also the growth of young branches and old processes, which draw nutrients from the bush, is regulated.
Meyer lemon care includes permanent top dressing. The main dressing is carried out through the leaves - fertilizers are added to spray the leaves into the water. So the tree receives more nutrition, which is evenly absorbed by the bush. If the plant has recently been transplanted, it does not need top dressing. Seedlings are watered - this is enough for their rapid growth. After the adaptation period, regular feeding begins. For this, mineral and organic fertilizers with low concentrations are used. Such care is carried out seasonally. From April to September, pruning of branches and top dressing of the root system is carried out. Feeding 2-3 times a month. From January to April, fertilizers are applied once a week. For the winter, you have to take care of the plant for periods - enough watering once a month. Additionally, dry leaves are removed (top dressing is not carried out).
Variety needs constant watering
Meyer citrus needs constant watering. The higher the ambient temperature, the more and more intensive the irrigation. In winter, Meyer's lemons are watered no more than once every 2 weeks. In autumn and spring, water is introduced as the soil dries.
When pruning is performed, citrus is watered more often - the root system needs moisture to recover faster. Watering is carried out sparingly: you can not fill the entire soil layer, but only moisten it a little. Excess moisture does not threaten citrus due to the drainage layer that must be installed during planting. Watering increases if the bush is restored after an illness.
Lighting and temperature
Care for Meyer's lemon involves intense lighting. The best place for culture growth is the south side of the room. On the street, a tree is also set in a lit place. In the house, if there is little light, especially in winter, artificial lighting is installed. For abundant fruiting, the culture needs the right temperature.
Cold wintering is needed to slow down processes in the tree, so you can not overheat it. The optimum air temperature is 12 ° C. Sudden changes in temperature do not tolerate citruses. If the plant is transferred to the yard, before it is tempered. The same actions are needed before bringing the culture back to the house.
Meyer's citruses are transplanted every year until they form a root system. Three-year-old trees are replanted less often, and after 5 years of active growth a permanent pot is selected for the bush. Transplantation is carried out urgently if the bush began to hurt or wilt. In such cases, the problem is in the composition of the soil or lack of nutrients.
Immediately after transplanting, the plant is watered abundantly and fertilized. It is better to transplant the tree in the fall before the cold snap or in the spring until the first ovaries appear. Before transplanting, the soil in the pot is watered abundantly so that there is no problem with the separation of the root system. During the transplant, it is impossible to completely remove the earthen lump, otherwise damage to the root system will be difficult to fix.
The composition of the soil for transplantation:
- part of the sheet land;
- part of the sand;
- part of the fertilizer or humus;
- part of clay;
- three parts of turf land.
The culture is transplanted into a pot, which is 2 times more than the previous one. Too large a capacity cannot be chosen so that the root system does not become depleted.
Diseases and Pests
Meyer's lemon is susceptible to illness due to improper care. A sign of the disease is a discoloration of the leaves. It is dangerous when the foliage falls off or completely dies, but remains on the bush. The brightened foliage suggests that indoor citrus does not receive all the necessary moisture and nutrients.
The lack of light also affects the appearance of the foliage. Fading and falling leaves indicate a lack of moisture. Correct this situation will help abundant watering or spraying the crown.
They threaten the bush not only with diseases (infections or fungi), but also with pests. A spider mite twists a web between branches and eats foliage or inflorescences. Scale guards also attack indoor varieties. They eat foliage and leave dark spots behind them.
If the indoor variety is affected by a spider mite, the crown of the tree is washed with a stream of clean water. The procedure is carried out carefully so as not to break the young branches. After this, the Meyer variety is dried and sprayed with fertilizers.
The fight against scale insects is carried out immediately after the appearance of the first black dots on the foliage. For this, 50 ml of kerosene and 100 ml of soap solution are mixed. The mixture processes the entire green part of the plant.
As a prevention, spray the tree with a special solution twice a year. 2 g of malathion and 2 g of celtan are diluted. Active substances are diluted with water, and using a spray gun are applied to the surface of foliage and branches. Preventive measures are taken before the flowering period of the tree and after harvest. If cobwebs or damage appear on the tree, the foliage is well washed to prevent the spread of pests.
The cultivation of Meyer citrus for beginner gardeners is a great test, because culture requires the organization of lighting and the right temperature. A tree needs pruning and transplanting rhizomes once a year. Mature trees are less demanding to care for. A bush is sick only if it is grown in adverse conditions.