Medicines and Vitamins for Pigeons
It is important for everyone who decides to start breeding pigeons to know how the owner should take care of his bird. So, it is important to pay sufficient attention to nutrition, on which it will depend on how strong the immunity of the flying postman is, whether he can bring offspring. It will also be about such a question as vitamins for pigeons, you will learn what trace elements the bird needs, as well as how to maintain its immunity at the highest level.
Vitamins and medicines for pigeons
The question regarding the treatment of pigeons will also be raised, you will know what medicines should be in the first-aid kit for first aid until the full recovery.
What medications are needed for pigeons
Unfortunately, even with good care, pigeons can hurt. How to understand that a bird is sick? Feathered behavior changes dramatically, appetite worsens, feathers become groomed, tousled. It is important not to self-medicate, but immediately seek qualified help. The first thing to do is to identify the sick pigeon in a separate cage in order to prevent the further spread of the infection.
Next, we will consider specific preparations of vitamins for your pigeons, which are used to treat a particular disease. It is worth noting that the cause of the ailment can be either a virus or a bacterium, or poor bird care.
Rules for the use of medicines for pigeons
As mentioned earlier, the veterinarian should be involved in the treatment of pigeons, since only a professional can determine the cause of the disease and prescribe effective drug therapy how many grams per liter, what dosage is one hundredth of a honeycomb. It is also important to treat the pigeon exactly as much as necessary, it will depend on how quickly the nestling recovers. People involved in breeding pigeons know that this bird can react sharply to improper treatment if it is incomplete.
Medications for pigeons enroflon for oral use are bred in water, sometimes stirring in food is allowed. However, it is worth saying that the doves are not enthusiastic about the feed with the drugs added to it, so it’s worthwhile to hold the birds on a hungry diet for a while to give them an appetite. If a sick bird flatly refuses to eat a mash of medication, you can use sugar or sugar water as a base and add Chiktonik argue. Or, inject the drug solution with a syringe, that is, by force.
What medications are needed to treat pigeons
Pigeons often get sick, very susceptible to various bird diseases. The causes of the ailment can be:
- fungi or parasites.
In one case or another, antibiotics, antiparasitic or antiviral agents will be needed as therapy.
Here is a list of drugs that are most often used during treatment of pigeons:
- Ciprofloxacin or enrofloxacin;
- Baytril based on metronidazole;
- Triflon, Tetramisole or Tiamulin;
- Tromexin or Enromage;
- Enrostin (Enroflon);
- Sorghum sulfate for pigeons;
- Pulsoceryl or Keproceril;
- Erythromycin and others.
Now we will analyze how this or that medicine works, in which diseases of the pigeons they need to be taken, and how to choose the right dosage.
Baytril is an antibiotic that is used to treat diseases of the intestinal group, such as enteritis or colibacteriosis. Batril is produced in Russia, although Baytril can also be found under other trademarks, for example Baytril Extra. Take Baytril strictly in accordance with the information specified in the instructions. From there, you can find out what contraindications there are to the use of Baitril medication, its side effects and, most importantly, how long the course of treatment with Baitril pigeons lasts. Of the benefits, you can cancel the fact that the effect of Baytril manifests itself quite quickly, within a few days.
Pigeons often suffer from trichomonellosis, it is Trichopolum that is used to treat this disease. As already mentioned, birds are reluctant to peck food mixed with medicine, so Trichopol needs to be poured directly into the beak of the bird. In no case should you increase the dose of Trichopolum, as this can cause death.
Fosprenil is an antiviral agent that is often used to treat ailments such as orthomycrovirus, twirl, Newcastle disease and so on. It is worth saying that the only way to use Fosprenil is through injections; it is pointless to give it with food. Dosage should be calculated based on the weight and age of the bird. The course of treatment is designed for 4-5 days.
In addition to the fact that Fosprenil is used to treat diseases, it is recommended to prick pigeons for preventive purposes, for example, when a dove lays eggs or when the period of molting, arrivals and so on begins. The dose is determined individually by the veterinarian.
The effectiveness of furazolidone
Furazolidone is used in cases where the pigeon is affected by colibacterium, coccidia or salmonella. The direct effect is on the digestive tract, where it is completely absorbed. Its effect can be compared with a drug such as Baytril. The prepared solution of Furazolidone is not subject to long-term storage, therefore it must be consumed within 2 days, a maximum of 3 days.
It is worth saying that Furazolidone is one of the most popular medications, it is prescribed more often than others. This is because the cost of the drug is not high, and its availability is attractive.
Enrofloxacin belongs to the group of antibiotics. It is characterized as a rapidly digestible medicine that quickly brings relief to the health status of a pigeon. It is also worth noting that the drug Enrofloxacin has no side effects, that is, it is absolutely safe for birds. What diseases are treated with Enrofloxacin? This is mycoplasma, brahispiriosis and other ailments, the development of which causes one or another pathogenic organism.
If you find parasites on the dove’s body, or if they have settled in the digestive tract of a bird, you need to start antiparasitic therapy immediately. Veterinarians usually prescribe the simplest drug called antiparasit or argue. Its advantages are the duration of exposure, complete safety and ease of use. The powder must be diluted with water and added to the pigeon in the proportion in the proportion: 10 g of Sporovit or Antiparasit powder per 1 liter of water.
Universal Drugs Group
There is a special group of medicines that are called universal. They are used to prevent or stop the disease at the initial stage of its development. These are drugs for pigeons such as levamisole, parastop, farmazin, enroxil, enrofloxacin, Vladivak, sporoid or enroflon in the form of an aqueous solution.
Timely use of the above medicines to prevent diseases in pigeons will help to keep their state of health under control and let them die from this or that disease. It is important to start a preventive course immediately after the first symptoms of malaise have been noticed, when the bird becomes restless, eats poorly or, conversely, prefers not to get up, stops flying, and so on.
Treatment of salmonellosis in pigeons
Salmonellosis is considered one of the most dangerous diseases, which in most cases lead to a massive drop in the number of birds. The danger of getting salmonellosis is not only threatened by poultry and other animals, but also by a person who is in close contact with the farm. The causative agent of salmonellosis is the bacterium Salmonella, which can be picked up in various ways. As you know, the best treatment is prevention (for example, vaccinations, periodic disinfection of perches, premises and work equipment), but it also happens that, despite all the measures taken, the pigeon can still become infected and get sick. Find out what veterinary drugs will be needed to treat salmonellosis? The most effective is considered sulteprim. The dose of its use should be calculated based on the weight and age of the bird.
The advantage of this antibiotic is that it is quickly absorbed by the avian organism and acts almost immediately. However, for greater effectiveness, veterinarians prescribe two or three antibiotics at once, for example, Baytril and sulteprim, since salmonella is not always treatable.
After the course of treatment is over, doctors recommend conducting rehabilitation therapy, which includes a course of taking vitamins or minerals. The course lasts exactly as long as indicated in the instructions. This can be Gamavit, Vetom or any other concentrated vitamins that are top dressing.
Vitamin deficiency in pigeons
Like any living organism, pigeons often suffer from vitamin deficiency, especially often it appears in spring or autumn. Young animals, that is, newborn pigeons, also suffer from vitamin deficiency. We will learn in more detail how the behavior and appearance of the pigeon will change if there is a lack of one or another vitamin.
Vitamin A deficiency
The pigeon is poorly gaining mass, physical development slows down, the condition is painful and weak. Conjunctivitis or anemia may develop. To prevent this condition, you need to add fish oil to your diet, as well as regular carrots and garlic. However, it is important not to overdo it and not to bring the bird to hypovitaminosis, that is, an excess of vitamin A in animal feed.
Vitamin D deficiency
The first symptom of a lack of this vitamin is a violation of the bone structure of the bird. In addition, gait is impaired, behavior becomes lethargic, feathers fall out, and oviposition decreases.
If you do not correct the diet on time, that is, fortify it, irreparable changes in the health of the pigeon may occur, it will become unsuitable for breeding and will fall into the category of rejected ones.
To make up for the lack of vitamin D, you need to enrich the food with fish oil, and also provide the dovecote with an ultraviolet lamp, which will serve as a natural source of vitamin D when walking is not possible.
Not enough vitamin e
In the case when the pigeon does not receive vitamin E, one can observe the following symptoms:
- general lethargy;
- disorders of the digestive tract;
- if vitamin deficiency is diagnosed in young animals, then a liquefaction of the brain appears;
- involuntary twitches and convulsions appear.
In order to prevent the development of these symptoms, prevention should come first and then already, it is necessary to ensure that the nutrition of pigeons is balanced and varied. The composition of the feed should include cereals, seeds, lactose, probiotics and vitamins.
Methods of treatment of vitamin deficiency with medication
In addition to the fact that you can review the nutrition of pigeons, it is recommended to diversify it with the help of vitamin complexes. Most commonly used are:
- Aminovital or Intestevit. In addition to the fact that Intestevit and Aminovital contain all the vitamins necessary for pigeons, it also contains vital trace elements and amino acids (zinc, iron, potassium, and so on). Recommended use strictly in accordance with the instructions.
- Chiktonik. The composition is also diverse, its periodic use contributes to the fact that the pigeon's immunity will improve.
- Felucen or Alben. It is also a fairly common vitamin supplement. In addition to vitamins, gravel is added to the composition, which contributes to the fact that all food will be processed faster by the bird.
Alternative methods of prevention
It is not necessary to carry out prophylaxis for pigeons only with the help of tablets and injections. Folk remedies have proven themselves not bad, they are often used in poultry farming. Most often, this is propolis directly from honeycombs, or rather, a tincture based on it, which is similar in effect to the drug Baytril. To prepare it, use the following recipe:
- Propolis - 60 g or ml;
- Alcohol - 0.5 l.
It is required to mix both components and leave in a dark cool place for 2-4 days. As soon as the formation of sediment becomes noticeable, this will mean that the tincture is ready, and it can be given to pigeons. However, you must first strain it through a sieve in order to get rid of a wax precipitate. Judging by the reviews, pigeons add tincture to drink, they drink it with pleasure. Also, in order to improve the health status of pigeons, you can use apple cider vinegar, tansy, an aqueous solution of iodinol, copper sulfate and so on.