Medicinal properties of Orchis and its use

Orchis (palmatokorennik) - field grass, belongs to the category of medicinal plants from the orchid family. Among the whole family, the Orchis Spotted, Male, Burnt and Helmetous deserves special attention.

Medicinal properties of Orchis and its use

Plant description

Orchis is a genus of wild orchids. Orthis herb is widely used in folk and official medicine.

It grows in the Caucasus and on the Crimean peninsula. In Europe it is called Field Orchids, as well as Wild Orchids. Currently, there are definitely more than 100 varieties of such grass in nature. But only 40 species sprout in the territory of the former CIS, mainly ornamental or wild plants.

Decorative varieties

Orchis plant has such varieties as:

  • Orchis Swamp;
  • Orchis Ignulant;
  • Orchis Monkeys;
  • Orchis Purple.

In decorative varieties, medicinal properties were not found. Purple variety is recognized as poisonous in Russia.

The Orchis bush looks different. It depends on the subspecies and growing conditions. Propagation of wild Orchis under field growth occurs by self-propagation, decorative varieties are propagated by seed and root separation methods.

Healing varieties

Among the whole variety of species, only 4 species are recognized as medicinal:

  • Male;
  • Spotted;
  • Helmeted (Orchis slamiform);
  • Burnt.

According to the description, each species has healing properties.

Orchis application

Orchis has found application in folk medicine, but only certain parts of this plant are used:

  • root;
  • flower.

The main medicinal properties of Orchis in its tubers. The roots are harvested immediately after the culture has faded - to dry from the last decade of July to mid-August.

Orchis flower is harvested only during the period of full opening of buds - early July. Different types are used to treat different diseases. The beneficial properties of Orchis are described in many ancient books on medicine ..

Orchis male

A decoction of the roots helped with problems with potency

This perennial plant belongs to the family of medicinal herbs. Outwardly, it is a bush with large oblong-lanceolate leaves without fluffiness. Orchis flowers are bright raspberry, collected in brushes at the very top of the stem of medium height (25-30 cm). When fading, the buds turn into dense, dry boxes with seeds inside.

The male got its name due to the fact that in the old days it was used in tincture and broth to prevent pregnancy or quickly get rid of an existing fetus. But, the tool was used only in the early stages of pregnancy. The decoction from the root of the Orchis male caused the woman to bleed and purify the uterus. It was also believed that it is useful for potency in diseases of the genitourinary system in men.

In folk medicine, only the roots and tubers of this plant are used, the flowers were not found.

Indications for use

In folk medicine, drinks from the male Orchis are used. Tincture is useful in the following diseases:

  • pneumonia;
  • paralysis;
  • cramps
  • bronchitis;
  • impotence;
  • prostatitis.
  • coughing;
  • cystitis;
  • inflammation of the oral cavity.


Preparation of Orchis tincture on vodka:

  • 1 \ 2 rolls of black rye bread (dried);
  • 0.5 l alcohol or brandy;
  • 500 gr. dry chopped tubers (Orchis powder)

The crushed root of Orchis is poured with alcohol and mixed thoroughly. The mixture is placed in the refrigerator for 3 days. After a three-day period, crumbled crackers of rye bread are added to the tincture. Once again thoroughly mix all the ingredients. Insist the finished mixture for 2 months. It is better to store the container in a cellar or basement.

How to use

The dose is 15 g. (1 tsp) 3 times a day 15-20 minutes before meals. It is important to take it strictly in accordance with the recommendations, as this threatens to exacerbate diseases of the genitourinary system and adversely affect potency. The benefits of tincture are guaranteed only with proper use.

Orchis spotted

The variety is useful for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases.

Orchis Spotted - a plant of medium height (20-25 cm). The second name is purple wild.

The buds are lilac or purple, brown spots appear on them.

Use in official medicine


  • starch;
  • mucous substance;
  • sucrose;
  • pentosan;
  • methylpentosan;
  • dextrin.

Due to its composition, the plant is used in the manufacture of drugs for catarrh of the upper respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract diseases.

Application in traditional medicine

In folk medicine, powder from dried and grated tubers is mainly used. It is used to prepare decoctions (1 tbsp. L. Powder per 250 g. Water).

Indications for use:

  • diarrhea;
  • diarrhea;
  • acute food poisoning.

It is contraindicated to take during pregnancy, because the substances present in the decoction cause intense uterine contractions and bleeding.


  • 0.5 tsp powder;
  • 1 tsp fresh honey;
  • 250 ml purified water.

Powder is poured into the purified liquid, mixed thoroughly. Allow to infuse for 60 minutes, occasionally shaking. At the end of this time, honey is added and sent for storage.

Take 2 times a day for 3 tablespoons. Helps regulate the work of all internal digestive organs.

Orchis head-bearing

A plant hood is used for pneumonia

Orchis Squamous (or Sagittarius) - a plant of medium height (20-30 cm.). The buds are white and pink. Leaves of regular elliptical shape are located at the bottom of the plant. The collection of roots (tubers) begins in late June.

Use in official medicine

The composition of tubers is dominated by:

  • caustic substances;
  • slime;
  • sucrose;
  • starch.

An extract from the root is used in the manufacture of cough and pneumonia preparations.

Application in traditional medicine

Tincture for alcohol (1 tbsp. L. For 250 g. Alcohol) is used in the treatment of the following diseases:

  • impotence;
  • acute prostatitis;
  • in acute poisoning.

When applied externally, it helps relieve inflammatory processes on the skin, accelerates tissue regeneration and promotes wound healing.


For cooking you will need:

  • dried root powder;
  • 400 ml. boiled hot water.

Mix the powder with water, let it brew for two hours. The finished mixture must be brought to a boil over low heat (do not evaporate). Boil for 10 minutes, cool. 3 hours after preparation, the broth is ready for use.

Take 3 times a day, 100 ml. 30 minutes before meals.

Burnt orchis

The variety is listed in the Red Book

Orchis Burnt - listed in the Red Book in Russia. The peculiarity of the plant in the unique root system is based on 2 large tubers, from which several accessory spherical processes depart.

The buds are bright raspberry or blood red, with full disclosure, the color fades and a whitish sponge with spots or streaks appears on each flower.

Use in official medicine

In the Red Book, Orchis of this variety is listed in the third category of endangered species; therefore, root collection is prohibited. For medical purposes, this plant is grown in closed and open fields.

The composition of tubers is dominated by:

  • caustic substances;
  • slime;
  • sucrose;
  • starch.

Only young ripened tubers are suitable for use. They are collected as the buds bloom, time of collection: late June - early August. The tubers are dried and peeled, after industrial processing, Salep is made from raw materials.

Salep is used for:

  • gastrointestinal diseases;
  • inflammatory processes;
  • to regulate the menstrual cycle;
  • in case of poisoning;
  • to increase the body's resistance to infections.

Application in traditional medicine

From dried tubers, plants prepare a decoction and use it to prevent an unplanned pregnancy.


There are few contraindications to the root of Orchis. Official preparations based on Orchis (Salep) are as safe as possible. But in folk medicine, tinctures and decoctions are best used after consulting a doctor.


The root of the treatment of Orthisis is a universal remedy for strengthening the body, which is offered by all state pharmacies. But independently at home to prepare infusions and decoctions with it is dangerous, since excess dosage can adversely affect hematopoietic function. It is better to grow such a plant only for decorative purposes.


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