The main methods of planting potatoes
The traditional period of planting garden crops is mid-April to early May. Most often, farmers plant potatoes on their plots. Every year new unusual ways of planting potatoes appear. Consider traditional and non-traditional methods of growing nightshade crops.
The main methods of planting potatoes
Three methods of planting potatoes are standardly distinguished:
Each of them is suitable for a specific type of soil. An arbitrary choice of planting can significantly reduce the yield in the country. In many ways, the planting method will depend not only on the type of soil, but also on what types of potatoes it is planned to grow on the site. There are several general points that should be followed with any method of planting:
- the arrangement of beds from north to south;
- applying a sufficient amount of fertilizer;
- maintaining the distance between rows and holes.
Recommended distances and landing depths
All parameters are indicated for tubers of standard size, which do not exceed the size of a chicken egg. When planting planting material of large sizes, respectively, the distance must be increased, for smaller - reduced. The distance between the rows is 60-70 cm, in order to have access to the plants and enable the root system to develop correctly. Between planting tubers leave a distance of 40-50 cm, depending on the type of potato. The method of square-nested marking is used, that is, the holes are arranged in squares.
Depth of planting depends entirely on the quality of the soil. On clay soils, the potatoes should not be buried by more than 5 cm. For heavy and loamy soils, the recommended planting depth is 8-10 cm. On light sandy loam soils, the potatoes are buried by 12 cm. Large tubers should be planted deeper than shallow ones. Deviations from the standard parameters should not be more than 3-5 cm.
The simplest method of planting potatoes is “under the shovel”. It has been used for a very long time. Usually, 2 people are needed to complete the process. First make markings, then dig holes.
This technique is used on loose, sufficiently moist soils intended for manual planting. Carrying out normal care of the beds with this method of planting, you can get a good harvest. In the future, it is necessary to carry out regular cultivation, fertilize the soil and spud plants.
On light, loose soils, it is recommended to deepen the tubers deeper. To do this, make trenches, taking into account the above parameters. Such methods of planting potatoes are not used on moist, dense soils, otherwise there is a risk that the planting material will simply rot.
With this planting, it is possible to maintain moisture in the soil even under arid climatic conditions. In arid climatic conditions, it is recommended to mulch the soil with grass, then it will be possible to retain more moisture in the soil. It is not advisable to carry out hilling, otherwise the roots may burn.
For heavy soils, the comb method is suitable
This method of planting is used on heavy soils that quickly compact and prevent normal air exchange, as well as in areas with close occurrence of groundwater. Mounds of 15 cm in height are made on the surface of the earth with a row spacing of 69-81 centimeters.
This method of planting on loams and light soils is not practical because the soil is constantly crumbling. In addition, moisture evaporates very quickly from the ridges, which complicates the care of potatoes. In practice, this method of cultivation is often used to reduce energy costs when there is a tractor and all the necessary equipment for planting.
When growing potatoes, as a rule, non-standard planting methods are used to solve certain problems. Every year, the quality of the soil is deteriorating. Constant cultivation, the introduction of fertilizers, green manure and chemicals to combat parasites adversely affect fertility.
There are different ways of planting potatoes. Very often, the area of the site or climatic conditions do not allow you to grow many crops in your garden. Today, the non-plow landing method is very popular. Consider some of the most interesting and time-consuming techniques.
Smart beds of Igor Lyadov
The method of Igor Lyadov involves landing in a two-row way in the box. First you need to pick a good site, clean it and level the surface. The box can be built from any old boards or other material. The length of the container under construction can be arbitrary, the width should not exceed 120 cm.
The walls need to be deepened a little into the ground, connected to each other using screws or other material. The bottom of the resulting box Lyadov lined with cardboard, which will prevent the spread of weeds. Then follows a thin layer of sand. After the sandy base, coarse plant residues (legumes of legumes, corn, etc.) are laid out. In addition, care must be taken to protect the walls of the structure from moisture and insect pests, therefore it is recommended that the surface be treated with a waterproof, safe paint.
When the walls are prepared and processed, you can continue filling the beds with more succulent grass and leaves of vegetable crops. Then follows a layer of humus or manure, which is watered with a special herbal infusion. After this, a layer of earth 10 cm thick is laid. Such filling of the bed contributes to the continuation of the growing season and helps to accelerate the ripening of fruits. The carpentry method for growing potatoes involves planting in a two-row way.
Such a landing system is suitable for cool regions. The Buryat planting method is based on planting tubers in pyramidal mounds. A pipe is installed around which a pyramidal mound is formed. The optimal size of the pyramid is 1.5: 1.5: 1.5. Inside the pipe, pour the sawdust in a dense layer and carefully pull it out.
Over the entire surface of the embankment, 16 holes should be made and potatoes should be planted in them. This method is ideal for an early harvest. If necessary, you can quickly build shelters for the pyramids. Every time shoots are shown, the ground level is increased. They stop filling up the soil when the leaves become so large that it will be impossible to cover them.
Landing under the straw
With this method of planting, the land does not require plowing. In recent years, an increasing number of farmers prefer this particular option. The principle is that instead of soil, seed is covered with straw, instead of soil. It is also possible to cover potato grass instead of straw bedding.
Straw Helps Save Moisture
It is applied on heavy soils, helps to save moisture. In addition, harvesting is greatly simplified, because you do not need to dig a whole garden. After harvesting, you can close up the remains of covering material in the soil, thereby significantly improving its composition. This type of cultivation minimizes crop care.
Planting under the fabric
With this method of cultivation, black fabric with a natural composition is taken. Holes are made in it. They are spread on the required site and securely fixed. In places where holes have been made, you need to select the ground, and lay the potatoes, filling them with this soil.
The method involves neither watering nor loosening. Suitable for early harvest, but only in the middle lane and in the northern regions. In the climatic conditions of the southern regions, the soil under the shelter will warm up very quickly and the seed will be baked.
Disembarkation in the tank
Consider landing in barrels, although any suitable container can be used. In the bottom you need to make drainage holes. Then take a plastic tube and make holes in it at an equal distance, lay it with a spiral along the bottom and bring it out (watering will be carried out through it and fertilizing will be applied).
After that, a layer of fertile soil of 15 cm is laid at the bottom. Seed is laid on top and sprinkled with earth. As soon as the seedlings appear, they are sprinkled with fertile soil or compost. So repeat until the height of the soil reaches 1 m.
With 1 such capacity you can get a bag of excellent potatoes. The method is suitable for growing potatoes in areas with a small area or in greenhouses. In areas with an arid climate, root crops are baked in the sun, so it is recommended to use in the middle lane and northern regions.
Cultivation of nightshade mounds
In small areas, you can grow potatoes in the mounds. With this growing option, the potato beds are arranged in a circle or square. In the center, leave a separate hole for watering and fertilizing.
Potatoes are laid around the circumference of a circle or square and sprinkled with earth. Each time the shoots appear, they are sprinkled with fertile soil. This method makes it possible to get a rich harvest from very small plots.
To choose the best method of growing potatoes in your area, you need to consider several important aspects:
- soil type;
- cultivar variety;
- growing goals;
- land area.
New methods of cultivation without plowing the soil in recent years have gained great popularity. The thing is that the land for many years of cultivation loses its qualities and becomes less fertile. New methods have been developed specifically for regions with adverse conditions and for farmers who are not able to constantly be on the site and carry out constant watering and top dressing. Growing potatoes without plowing the soil, you can significantly improve its qualitative composition in a couple of years.