Lily transplant - is it possible in the autumn

Lilies are incredibly attractive flowers that can decorate any garden with their grace. However, due to the high decorative qualities, they have a rather capricious character. Their autumn transplant to another place requires a serious approach and responsibility. If certain standards are not observed, the plant may become ill or not at all take root.

Lily transplant - is it possible in the autumn

Why transplant

Lilies are among perennial plants and can feel quite comfortable during the winter in the open ground due to the shape of the root system in the form of bulbs.

However, after several seasons of being in a constant place, their growth is noticeably inhibited, flowering becomes sparse.

The impetus for the activation and acceleration of internal processes is transplantation to another place. It should be chosen taking into account the fact that in this territory there should not have been other cultures during the previous 12 months.

The ideal solution is an untouched, rested substrate, when placed in which the flower can saturate enough with useful trace elements and bloom with renewed vigor.

In case of regular neglect of this procedure in plants, immunity decreases, they are 3-4 times more likely to get sick.

Advantages of the Autumn Procedure

Many gardeners often wonder when it is better to transplant - in the spring or autumn. Both seasons are favorable.

In favor of events held in the fall, there are a number of obvious advantages:

  • a high degree of “adoption” in a new place in connection with the forces accumulated during flowering;
  • no need to store seed throughout the winter in the house, it is immediately transported to another site;
  • convenience in reproduction, after the growing season near the maternal bulb “babies” are formed.

However, there are situations when it is impossible to transfer the plant:

  • early onset of cold weather;
  • cultivation of late varieties that still continue to bloom in autumn;
  • severe climatic conditions, requiring the digging of bulbs.

Suitable dates

One of the basic rules for transplanting is the flowering period. Upon completion, it is necessary to withstand 1.5-2 months.

With a later excavation, the likelihood that the plant will have time to prepare for the onset of cold weather and give beautiful flowers in the next season is minimized.

According to the lunar calendar

The moon is capable of affecting all living organisms and plants, including.

Based on this material, there are several favorable periods for bulb transplantation in the fall of 2019:

  • in September - from 10 to 24;
  • in October - from 10 to 23;
  • in November - from 8 to 22.

By region

Flower health depends on proper care

An important factor is climatic conditions that vary with respect to the regions of growth.

The ideal temperature during the event is at least 12 °. When planting bulbs in cold soil, one should not expect good results.

Dates depending on the territorial location:

  • Moscow Region, Leningrad Region - August / September;
  • Siberia - August, September (subject to warm weather);
  • Ural - from early September to early October;
  • The middle strip of Russia is mid-September-mid-October (it is recommended to rely on weather forecasts);
  • Subpolar and polar zones - digging of bulbs is required; if necessary, transplantation of the event is carried out no later than August.

Transplant Rules

In the event that a mistake was made during planting, there is a chance that the plant will take root. However, it is unlikely that next year you will be able to see a gorgeous flowerbed with these flowers.

The process requires sufficient responsibility from the gardener.

What varieties to plant

It is recommended to transplant to a new place lilies with a certain periodicity, which is directly related to their variety.

  • Martagons and American hybrids feel quite comfortable without changing the environment for 8-10 years.
  • Tubular and Asian need to be moved every 2 years, some of them annually;
  • All other species can live without the need for a “relocation” of 4-5 years.

Choosing a landing place

When choosing a territory for daylily transplantation, several aspects must be taken into account:

  • Illumination. Requirements for it vary depending on the variety, so it is very important to clarify this information in advance. Basically, it is generally accepted that all lilies prefer to grow in well-lit areas, however, in the case of Marchagon, the penumbra would be the ideal solution. The bright sun is destructive for this species. La hybrids and Asian varieties, by contrast, suffer under similar conditions.
  • Windiness. Aristocratic lilies do not tolerate drafts at all, due to the not very stable stem of the plant. With regular exposure to gusts of wind, the decorative qualities of the flower noticeably decrease. But overdoing the defense of the bush is also fraught, it does not tolerate stagnation of air, and in the case of supplementation with high humidity loses immunity to pests and diseases. It is better if it is a flat, or with a slight slope area. When located along the fence, it is preferable to choose the east or south side.

Land preparation

Lilies make high demands on the structure and chemical composition of the soil. It should be prepared 3-4 weeks before the planned agricultural work.

Soil, ideally, should be loose, well-drained, due to the fact that fluid stagnation during the thaw period adversely affects the condition and health of the plant.

If the site is characterized by constant high humidity, special grooves for draining melt water are built on it, the bottom of which is sprinkled with a layer of river sand or gravel 4-7 cm thick.

Soil acidity will have to be adjusted. Asian, American and Eastern varieties prefer a more acidic substrate, which can be achieved by adding peat. Chalk and wood ash give an alkaline reaction.

The earth is pre-dug up approximately on the bayonet of a shovel, carefully choosing the roots of weed grass. With a high clay content (permissible rate of 20%), they add sand, turf and humus.

Plant preparation

Bulbs must be processed

Seeds are processed before planting.

Use foundationazole or karbofos in a ratio of 2 g per 1 liter. Also suitable is the purchased preparation “Maxim” or a saturated solution of potassium permanganate.

Soak the bulbs for half an hour, then dry in partial shade. Additionally, it is recommended to remove dead and dry husks from the surface.

Digging should be done very carefully due to the fact that for the entire time spent in the old place, the underground part of the lily could grow quite strongly.

If necessary, the reproduction of the children is separated. If they are absent, it is allowed to divide the bulb itself into several segments according to the type of head of garlic.

Transplant technology

It is necessary to transplant the lily into a hole, the size of which is commensurate with the dimensions of the bulb itself.

Deepening should be based on the height of the plant:

  • stunted dive to a depth of 15-20 cm, the distance between the landing pits withstand 30-40 cm;
  • srednerosly placed in the substrate at 12-15 cm, provided the gap between the bushes 25-30 cm;
  • low bury at 7-10 cm, the step between the flowers - 15-18 cm.

Timeline of the process:

  1. A little fine sand is poured into the hole dug by all the rules.
  2. Place the onion so that only the roots are in the sand.
  3. They fill the hole with earth.
  4. A layer of wood sawdust or peat is distributed on top, acting as an additional fertilizer at the onset of spring.

Follow-up care

Caring for lilies transplanted in the fall is not particularly difficult. Particularly dry soil is abundantly watered, after which they are gently loosened and mulched.

In the case of a harsh winter forecast, the earth's surface is additionally covered, with a decrease in temperature to 0 or -4 °.

The list of fertilizers for autumn top dressing is standard:

  • potassium sulfate (50 g per 1 sq.m.);
  • rotted vegetable compost of 8-10 kg (it is allowed to replace cow manure with 5 kg);
  • superphosphate (80 g per 1 sq.m.).

When shoots appear

Weather conditions affect plant growth

The first shoots of lilies planted in the fall fall in the spring.

The month depends on the type of flower:

  • tubular activated in growth in March-April;
  • Asian - in May.

Also, the growing season may vary depending on weather conditions. Flowering generally begins in mid-June and continues until the first days of August.

Such early varieties as Alyonushka or Mona Lisa produce a flower stalk in May. Later you can admire in August and September.

Do I need to dig lilies for the winter

Not all lilies can endure winter frost without loss, which is especially true for tubular varieties, which even a carefully equipped shelter cannot save from low temperatures.

Therefore, they need to be excavated at specific times:

  • OT hybrids - in the last days of August;
  • Oriental varieties - in September;
  • LA hybrids and Asian hybrids in mid-August.

After removing material from the ground, it is carefully inspected, damaged and dry elements are removed, and washed in running water. Subsequently, they are kept for 20 minutes in a weakly saturated solution of potassium permanganate and dried.

As a container, a wooden box or a dense bag is used, filled with peat. Keeping bulbs at room temperature is unacceptable, the best option is from 0 to 5 °.

It is preferable to choose a darkened place (otherwise, premature plant growth will begin) with moderate humidity, increased rates provoke the occurrence of mold and fungal diseases.

The best way to store daylilies is to place the seed in special heat chambers and put them on the loggia, if we are talking about apartments, or in the basement.

During the entire period of hibernation, it is recommended to systematically check the condition of the bulbs. In case of excessive dryness, it should be sprayed with water from a spray bottle, and if rotted, treat it with potassium permanganate.

To summarize

When exactly to transplant a beautiful lily, in the spring or in the fall - a question the solution of which remains entirely with the gardener.

In any case, the plant needs care. Providing it at the proper level, admiring the chic garden will be real for a long time.

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