Lemon transplant at home
Lemons are one of the most popular plants for growing at home. They are unpretentious in care, normally tolerate all climatic conditions, and are also rarely exposed to diseases. Transplanting a lemon into a new pot is carried out to prevent and stimulate development.
Lemon transplant at home
When a transplant is needed
The need to transplant a lemon at home appears when it is necessary to saturate the roots with useful substances, which are not enough in the old soil. Evidence of this is the emergence of roots from the drainage holes in the pot.
A transplant of homemade lemon is carried out:
- after the purchase;
- with a disease of the root system;
- when roots around the tree appear;
- with a decrease in the number of fruits;
- when breaking a pot.
After the purchase, the lemon seedlings are transplanted into a new larger pot to stimulate the development of the tree. Diseases of the root system force transplantation of an adult plant due to the unsuitability of the earth. The disease causes an excess of introduced moisture, which stagnates and swamps the soil, which stimulates the appearance of infections on the tree and fruits.
If roots stick out from the ground around the trunk, this indicates a lack of space for root development. In such cases, the lemon is transplanted into a larger container with renewed soil. The depletion of soil is indicated by the deterioration of productivity.
Choosing a container for growing
It is better to transplant a lemon at home in a pot 2-3 cm in diameter larger than the old one. For trees from 6 years old, containers with a large throat and a narrow lower part are preferred. Young plants develop in cylindrical pots.
Lemon does not like an excess of moisture in the soil. For him, choose containers with drainage holes.
Classification of pots by material:
- Plastic The material is not able to absorb moisture, which provides the roots with a wealth of nutrients. When transplanting into a new plastic pot, 4-6 cm of drainage is left at the bottom. It is better to take containers of dark material. If the pot is light or transparent, it is wrapped in black cloth. If this is not done, the ground will be covered with moss and the lemon will become sick.
- Ceramic. Suitable for indoor plants, but before transplanting citrus, the container is soaked in warm water for 2-3 hours. This helps maintain moisture in the soil.
- Wooden. For indoor lemon, the ideal material is pine and oak. The rocks do not absorb moisture and resist the appearance of purulent formations. Wooden containers are selected if necessary to transplant an adult large plant into another pot. From the inside, the material is burned for the appearance of charcoal, which additionally stimulates growth and disinfects the soil.
You can prepare the soil yourself
To grow indoor lemon use:
- soil for citrus;
- flower soil;
- land with humus;
- soil with mineral fertilizers and ash;
For self-production of soil for indoor citrus fruits you need:
- soil treated with herbicides and pesticides;
- dung, humus or deciduous land;
- sifted river sand.
The components are mixed in equal proportions. Also, when transplanting into another pot, the soil is fertilized with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizing. The first 3-5 months do not add any additional substances to the soil. After they make mineral fertilizers without chlorides.
The purpose of drainage is to control moisture in the ground. If the lemon is transplanted into a ceramic pot with one hole, a ceramic crock is placed on the bottom with the concave side to the bottom to remove moisture. This will leave the hole always open.
Also sifted river sand is an effective component for creating drainage. It is kneaded into the ground before transplanting into a new pot. Sand passes moisture through itself and prevents stagnation of water.
Expanded clay has the ability to absorb liquid. These are small burnt clay stones. When transplanting citrus expanded clay, fall asleep in a container to a height of 5-6 cm from the bottom. Also, stones are taken with the earth in equal volumes and mixed. This allows you to improve the circulation of not only water, but also oxygen in the soil.
To properly transplant a lemon at home, you need to follow these rules:
- transplant in spring or autumn;
- remove dry and damaged roots;
- Do not transplant the plant with the fruits or wait until they ripen;
- determine the time on the lunar calendar;
- do not cover the root neck with earth;
- after the transplant, water the tree and put it in the shade for a day.
- Drainage is poured into the bottom of a new pot. Maximum height - 20% of the total tank size. A small layer of sand is also added on top to drain excess water from the roots.
- The tree is removed from an old pot with a clod of earth. If the root system has grown too much, it is reduced, and the pruning site is treated with growth stimulants.
- A layer of soil is poured into the container and the plant is placed. The roots are located below the level of the throat. The tree is covered with soil from all sides.
- The soil is compacted and moisture added. To do this, use clean, settled water. A few days after habituation, the soil is loosened for better penetration of oxygen to the roots. At this time, the plant is treated with pest chemicals.
For addiction, the lemon is placed in a dark room for several days. After transplanting and getting used to trim. Remove the dried segments and form a crown. This enhances the development of the plant and increases productivity.
Subject to all the rules for replanting a room lemon, the plant grows faster and gives more fruits. Also, strong plants better resist the action of pests, and lemons become more juicy.
Caring for a houseplant requires constant humidification of the air around the tree. To do this, it is pollinated 3-4 times a week. For wood, a suitable temperature is 18-20 ° C.