Juniper Cossack: a variety of varieties for any garden
Juniper Cossack (Latin name - Juniperus sabina) gained popularity due to its unpretentiousness: of all members of his family, it is easiest to care for.
Juniper Cossack: a variety of varieties for any garden
The variety is grown both in open ground and at home. It is used to create bonsai and topiary on the stem.
View brief information
- Color of needles : blue, green, gray.
- Height : up to 1.5 m on average, most varieties are lower.
- Diameter of the crown : depends on the variety, maximum - 8 m.
- In which regions is growing :
- Features landing : culture photophilous, resistant to air pollution. It does not tolerate salty soils. You can not plant next to roses and plums.
- Immunity : the strongest among junipers. The main diseases are fusarium, brown shute, biorell cancer. Net rust carrier.
- Life expectancy : over 20 years.
Cossack juniper grows almost everywhere due to its high resistance to various temperatures, droughts and air pollution.
Natural distribution areas:
- Asia Minor and Southeast;
- South and Center of Europe.
Description of varieties
Today, there are about 70 varieties of Cossack juniper, some are listed in the Red Book.
Any of them is useful in the fight against moths: its branches have a pungent smell that insects cannot tolerate.
The plant is poisonous, therefore it is used in pharmacology in the form of therapeutic ointments and tinctures used externally. The plant is suitable for creating crafts and applied products (for example, fishing hooks).
For landscape design, the following varieties are more often chosen.
Tamariscifolia (Tamariscifolia) - a dwarf bush with long branches. By 10 years, it has a height of up to 0.3 m and a crown width of up to 2 m.
It grows on the ground, at a young age shoots creeping. It has a thick needle-shaped needles of a grayish-green color, sometimes with a bluish tint.
Tamaris has low requirements for soil and moisture, grows well both in the sun and in partial shade. Per sqm planted up to 3 plants
Glauca (Glauca) - a sprawling bush. The maximum height is 1 m, the width is 2 m. The needles are blue-green, scaly, in the winter it turns red. has bluish bumps and berries.
Arcadia (Arcadia) - a perennial dwarf plant. By the age of 10, it reaches a height of 0.3 m, in width - up to 2 m. It has a dense crown and scaly needles from light green to blue and gray shades.
Cossack juniper has more than 70 varieties
It shows its decorative properties under abundant lighting and drained soil.
Hicksii (Hicksii) - a magnificent dense bush up to 1.3 m high. The needles are mainly blue-green, sharp.
Blue Danube (Blue Danube) - a sprawling low shrub, growth is moderately fast. By 10 years, the height is 1 m, the diameter of the crown is 1.5 m.
The ends of the branches rise up, the crown in the shape of a bowl, loose. The needles are scaly, pointed, gray-blue or green-blue. Prefers light, in the shade loses its decorative effect.
Rockery Gem bred in Holland. By the age of 5 years, up to 0.5 m, width - over 3 m. The branches are straight, the needles are green and sharp.
Blue Sparkle By the age of 10 years, the height is up to 1 m, the width is up to 1.5 m. The needles are green-blue.
Broadmoor Up to 0.5 m high, up to 3.5 m wide. The needles are gray-blue, curly, with a strong odor. Crohn is very dense and easily survives pruning.
Blaue Donau Height is up to 1 m, width is up to 2 m. The lying branches rise to the end. The needles are green-yellow in spring, and in winter they acquire a bluish tint.
Mas (Mas) - a poisonous juniper. Height up to 2 m, crown width up to 8 m. Average growth rate, grows well horizontally: up to 20 cm annually. By the age of 10 it has a crown 1.5 m wide and 0.5 m high.
According to the description of gardeners, this is a sprawling bush with a beautiful crown. The color of the needles is gray, in winter it acquires a purple coating.
It tolerates frost well, but does not like soil salinity and stagnation of water. Prefers light, it is there that displays its decorative properties.
Variegata (Variegata). From Latin, its name is translated as “motley”.
It is characterized by slow growth, by the age of 10 it has a height of 0.4 m and a crown width of 1 m. The needles are scaly, greenish, the ends of the shoots are yellow or cream. Their tops bend and rise.
In heat and cold, the needles sometimes acquire a brownish color. Demanding on light, but does not like the midday sun, does not tolerate wind, the plant must be covered for winter.
Erecta (Erecta). It differs in a pyramidal shape, grows over 2 m. The needles are dark, green, scaly. It easily tolerates heat and drought. It propagates well by cuttings at home.
Femina (Femina). In height up to 1.5 m, in width up to 5 m. The needles are dense, dark green, exudes an unpleasant odor and is poisonous. Growth is slow. Frost-resistant, durable.
Knap Hill (Knap Hill) . Up to 1.5 m in height and width. The needles are soft, blue-green. Resistance to frost, disease and salt, shade tolerance is observed.
Tam no Blight . Height up to 1.5 m, diameter up to 2.5 m. The needles are gray-green, occasionally with a bluish bloom.
Moon (Moona) . Short, with green-blue soft needles. prefers the sun and moderate humidity.
The plant does not take root well, so you should pay special attention to the preparation of the seedling and place.
Seedling selection and preparation
- It has no dried branches.
- The bark is intact, without growths or suspicious inclusions.
- It has a dense earthen lump.
Sometimes instead of Cossack junipers they can sell false Cossack. You can distinguish it by the color of the needles: in the present it is brown, in the other - gray.
An easy way to root a healthy seedling is to pre-soak its root system in growth stimulants.
Before planting the plant, it is kept in a pan with water for 2-2.5 hours, so that the earthen lump grasps.
Juniper needs sunlight
Most varieties of plants prefer places without moisture stagnation with good lighting. The minimum distance between the bushes is 0.5 m.
Landing pit make more earthen coma 3 times. Its bottom is lined with drainage, a mixture of sand and brick splinters is used for it. Drainage height - 20 cm.
Sprinkle the roots with a mixture that is prepared with your own hands. It consists of peat, turf and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1.
Planting in open ground is recommended in April or September while maintaining high air humidity.
When planting adult plants, the root neck is not buried. For young people, they leave her at the level of the soil
After the procedure, the juniper is abundantly watered.
If possible, do not transplant to another place. An adult plant does not tolerate this procedure very well.
If there is a need, then you must follow the recommendations.
- Inspect the juniper for disease or mechanical damage. They weaken the immune system and significantly reduce the percentage of survival in a new place.
- 6 months before transplanting, dig a plant, cutting off the diameter of the crown. Varieties with vertical growth are dug over the diameter of a double crown, if possible.
- After digging a bush, its roots are watered with a growth stimulator.
- After that, you can plant the plant in another place, prepared in advance.
- Juniper is abundantly watered. Do not allow codes to get on the crown, which is especially true for creeping varieties.
Cossack juniper is not demanding to care, but it must be cut so as not to breed dense thickets on the site.
Watering is required exclusively in dry weather, but do not water more often 4 times per season. Under one bush, 10-30 liters of water are poured, depending on the size of the plant.
Junipers are sprayed once a week. The procedure is carried out in the absence of sun.
The plant is fed with a nitroammophos in the middle of April and the end of May. You can use Kemira wagon.
If the bush turns yellow, then additional fertilizer is allowed.
Mulching and loosening the soil
Peat, wood chips, and pine bark are used as mulch. A layer of 8 cm high is sufficient to protect the root system.
The ground in young plants must necessarily be loosened superficially. An additional influx of air to the roots helps the young growth in a new place.
Haircut and trim
Juniper does not require mandatory pruning, it is mainly performed for sanitary purposes. With the help of garden shears, dead or diseased shoots are removed.
Also, the formation is carried out in order to:
- change the direction of plant growth;
- to suspend growth;
- create a decorative look.
Cossack juniper responds well to a haircut in order to change the appearance.
In spring, remove all dry shoots.
The shaping is planned for spring or fall. It is important that the average air temperature per day does not exceed 4 ° C. The removal rate is not more than 2 cm.
It is not necessary to cover the cut points. With severe or extensive damage, the branches are sprayed with Epin. The resin is sometimes treated.
Gardeners are advised to use pinching rather than pruning. This method is considered softer and preferable, it enhances branching, due to which the crown becomes more magnificent.
Please note that before you cut the juniper, you need to wear garden gloves, because the juice is poisonous.
There are four ways to propagate Cossack juniper.
- With the help of seeds. The method is little used outside of nurseries, since seeds require mandatory stratification.
- Cuttings. Gardeners advise to carry out the procedure in mid-April or early August. It’s best if the cloudy weather lasts a couple of days. Then sunlight will not harm the mother plant and facilitate the whole process. It is important to remember the toxicity of juniper: they work with cuttings only in protective gloves.
- Layering. The method is suitable for creeping plants with new shoots. Branches close to the soil are pressed with studs or wooden forks, sprinkled with earth and occasionally watered. Rooted cuttings are cut from the mother tree and transplanted to another place.
- Vaccinated. In this method, the desired variety is grafted, fixed with a film and waiting for engraftment.
The whole process is complicated by extremely slow growth. In this regard, gardeners prefer to buy seedlings in nurseries.
Diseases and Pests
Compared with other representatives of the genus, Cossack juniper has the strongest immunity. However, he is also prone to certain diseases.
- Rust mushroom. The tree is its intermediate host, the disease is chronic and practically cannot be treated. If the needles are damaged, it begins to dry, acquires a brown hue. Fungicides are considered the main method of control - they are used twice with an interval of 15 days.
- Brown shute. It is also a disease caused by fungi, occurs with high humidity. To prevent the disease, it is recommended to remove all affected needles and to spray in a timely manner with 1% Bordeaux liquid in spring and autumn.
- Biorell cancer. Appears with a fracture of branches or damage to the bark, at risk are young plants and seedlings. For prevention, gardeners are advised to pay attention to the quality of planting material. If a problem occurs during planting, the faults are treated with 1% r-rum of copper sulfate, and then lubricated with linseed oil, var or oil paint. Affected parts are cut and burned.
- Fusarium Under its influence, the root system rots. Distributed with planting material or infected soil. To prevent the disease, the seedlings are soaked in Bactofit solutions or a similar preparation, adult plants are watered with 0.2% Fundazole and sprayed with the crown. Prchva is treated with Fitosporin-M, or Gamair.
Cossack juniper is resistant to pests.
Use in landscape design
Cossack juniper has a nice crown color and small size, so it is used by landscape designers everywhere.
- It is planted as a tapeworm.
- They are decorated with lawns, slopes, stony hills and flower beds.
- A hedge is formed from it.
- It is used to create complex compositions and shade of other plants in group plantings.
Landscape designers note that this juniper goes well with perennials of bright color.
Moreover, against the background of lush vegetation and with massive flowers, it does not look attractive. The situation does not change during the flowering period of the latter.
Large varieties are planted to create a landscape style, which is also called English.
In this case, it is important to choose a shrub with a calm tone of needles and the right crown. When composing the composition, this juniper is put in the background, without making a special emphasis on it.
For restrained Japanese gardens, strict varieties are used that create a contrast for bright and unusual plants.
When making it, they advise planting a coniferous tree near an ordinary heather of various shades or use Sabina for the decor of rocky slides.
Cossack juniper is a bad neighbor for plum and rosaceae, as it is a carrier of mushrooms that cause mesh rust.
In addition to the traditional planting in open ground, topiary is formed from it. The use of the form varies: from decorating attics and gazebos to growing at home.
It is necessary to cut them to form a crown with gloves.
Topiari, like nivaki (bonsai), is an attractive thing, but they cannot be kept indoors all the time. Gardeners are advised to take plants out into the air as often as possible.
Landscape designers respond positively to the Cossack variety.
Nurseries set low prices for seedlings, however, the decorative properties of the plant are very high: it can be planted throughout the site in a variety of compositions.
Juniper is used as a groundcover for decorating slides, along with a variety of colors as a background.
When planting, it is important to understand that it needs to be trimmed regularly: it grows extremely quickly and forms dense thickets.