Juniper Andorra Compact - planting and care rules
The evergreen juniper Andorra Compact forms a dense green needles, which pleases with its decorativeness throughout the year. The plant, bred by American breeders, has a compact form and good frost resistance, so it is suitable for cultivation throughout Russia.
Juniper Andorra Compact - planting and care rules
- Color : gray-green, in winter - with a purple tint.
- Height : 40 cm.
- Width : 2 m.
- Immunity : cold-resistant culture, resistant to disease, subject to all rules of care.
- Features of planting : bushes at a distance of 1 m, with a distance of 1-1.2 m in a row. Loves a sunny place with little shading.
- Regions : the plant is suitable for cultivation throughout Ukraine, in the south, as well as in the central, middle and northern strip of Russia, subject to good warming for the winter.
The main advantages of juniper Andorra include increased resistance to drought, cold and sudden changes in temperature.
It is suitable for cultivation throughout Ukraine, in the south, as well as in the central, middle and northern strip of Russia, provided that it is well insulated for the winter.
The plant tolerates gas contamination, so it can grow in any part of the garden.
This coniferous crop grows slowly - annual growth is 10-15 cm. The maximum height is not more than 40 cm, the circumference is 2 m. The shape is flat-round, rosette-like. The shoots are thin, horizontal, slightly raised to the top, light brown in color, densely covered with needles.
In young specimens stems with smooth bark, in adults contain numerous cracks.
The needles not prickly in the summer are gray-green; closer to winter, it acquires a purple hue. The root system is branched, close to the surface.
Successful cultivation of this culture will require some knowledge and skills - you need to prepare a good place, the soil, choose a quality planting material.
The best time for landing is the end of April or the beginning of May. By this time, spring heat has stabilized and the threat of the last frost has passed.
High-quality and correctly selected material is the key to longevity and high decorativeness of this culture.
When choosing a conifer, several rules should be followed.
- Take seedlings at least 3 years old, always with closed roots, as plants with an open root system can quickly dry out and die after planting. Usually they buy bushes in flowerpots, containers or together with an earthen lump wrapped in burlap.
- Before buying, the aerial part of the juniper must be carefully examined - it should be a uniform green color, without signs of mold, black, yellow spots, breaks and cracks.
- Optimum dimensions - 20x40 cm.
Location and Ground
For planting, choose healthy seedlings
Andora Compact is a sun-loving culture, it needs little shading at lunchtime.
It is better to plant a bush near tall bushes that will create the necessary shadow for needles. At the same time, it is important to maintain a distance so that the plants do not compete with each other for space, moisture and nutrients.
The optimal distance is at least 0.9-1 m.
This conifer loves loose, light and well-drained soil. The site is cleaned from last year's vegetation and weeds.
It is recommended to add a couple of buckets of sand to an area of 1 m², which will increase aeration, and the same amount of black soil (meadow land) to increase fertility.
The first step is to prepare a planting pit - its dimensions should exceed the dimensions of an earthen coma of a seedling by 2-3 times. At the bottom lay half a bucket of broken brick, pebbles or gravel.
Then, half the composition is covered with soddy earth, peat, sand mixed in equal amounts. Additionally put one handful of superphosphate, nitroammofoski and potassium nitrate.
They lower the earthen lump with roots, add all the voids to the remaining nutrient mixture. The trunk zone is trampled, watered abundantly with water at the rate of 5 l per plant.
Deepening the seedling, the root neck must be left above the soil surface, otherwise it will quickly decay and the conifer will die.
Juniper loves to grow on acidified soil, so after watering they mulch a thick layer of peat. This shelter will provide the roots with all the nutritional components, protect against drying out and weed growth.
When group planting, it is necessary to strictly observe the scheme so that with age the plants do not drown each other, and there is no competition for the area. Bushes are planted at a distance of 1 m, with a distance in the row of 1-1.2 m.
The same pattern is maintained when co-grown in combination with other decorative-flowering or deciduous plants.
The first watering is carried out immediately after the soil has dried to a depth of 5-6 cm. Regular moistening provides a quick build-up of the root system, so seedlings are watered at least twice a week during the first months.
In the future, moisturize less often, given the amount of precipitation, and only when the earth dries.
Loosening and mulch
For this plant, light loosening of the soil is allowed so as not to damage the delicate root system, located close to the surface.
Loosen the soil a day after each irrigation, weeds are also removed, weed between the rows. Then they are mulched with pine wood or bark of coniferous trees - 5 cm. Such a layer of mulch will protect the soil and roots from drying out.
Top dressing will increase tree immunity
The first meal is carried out during planting, when the nutrient components are laid in the pit. These substances will be enough until next year. In the spring during the period of active vegetation, nitrous preparations (nitroammophoska or urea) are introduced. These trace elements contribute to the growth of green mass. Prepare a solution of 20 g per bucket of water. 5 l of nutrient fluid are consumed per plant.
Additionally, juniper is fertilized in the fall - at the end of September or at the beginning of October. Use the mineral complex: superphosphate with potassium salt - 15 g per 10 liters of water.
You can replace them with ready-made drugs - Kaf or Granfoskoy.
Phosphorus-potassium fertilizers increase immunity against diseases, strengthen the root system before the onset of the first steady colds.
This variety does not need forming pruning - its shoots form a dense and beautiful rosette without outside help.
But every spring he needs a sanitary haircut - it consists in the removal of all branches damaged by winds, diseases and parasites. Yellowed and shrunken parts are also removed.
The tips of the frozen twigs are lightly trimmed, then sprayed with one of the pickling agents (copper sulfate solution, Bordeaux liquid). Such an operation will stimulate the growth of young growth, and treatment with a fungicide will protect against infection.
During pruning, use a sharp and sterile item - pruning shears or scissors.
Preparing for the winter
Basic care for this crop includes quality preparation for wintering. Adult specimens tolerate fierce winters without shelter.
The only thing that needs to be done is to spud the near-trunk zone with fallen leaves, peat or sawdust of conifers.
Young plants have weak immunity, and can be affected by the first strong temperature drops. Therefore, a month before the start of frosts, the bushes are mulched, then the branches are covered with spruce branches, and after the snow falls, they are covered with a snowdrift.
This plant can be propagated in two ways - seed and using cuttings.
Most gardeners prefer the second method, since it is very difficult to get bushes with all varietal characteristics from seeds.
To obtain good material, it is necessary to use adult plants aged 8 to 10 years. Cutting shoots is carried out in the period from April to May.
Cut apical cuttings 15-20 cm long with a piece of bark, after that it is peeled and all needles and shoots in the lower part 2-2.5 cm are removed.
Planting and germination
For the convenience of growing and monitoring growth, planting material is planted in pots or pots one at a time. A prerequisite for the tank is a height of at least 10 cm, the presence of several holes for the outflow of excess fluid.
Immediately after harvesting, the shoots are planted in light, loose soil - sand with peat, mixed in equal proportions. The embedment depth is 3-4 cm. Planted at an angle of 45-50 ° C.
After planting, the cuttings are irrigated with warm water, covered with a half of a transparent bottle or plastic wrap, put in a warm place with diffused daylight.
The approximate rooting time will take from 2 to 3 months. During this period, the juniper should be periodically sprayed, loosen the soil, remove weed shoots and ventilate.
Plants need to be well looked after
The optimum temperature regime for germination is 21-23 ° C, and with the appearance of young buds, it is lowered to 18-19 ° C.
A transplant to an open area is carried out no earlier than two years later.
If you do this immediately after the formation of roots, the plant may not take root. The main reason for poor adaptation is a weak root system and low immunity.
Junipers of Andorra rarely get sick, with the exception of plants that are poorly looked after, contain in thickets and thickened.
- Rust. Signs - the appearance of round, oval or shapeless orange growths on the surface of shoots and in the near-stem zone. The peak of development occurs in the summer in wet and rainy weather.
- Schütte. The plant is covered with small rounded black spots. Such shrubs quickly weaken, in conditions of high humidity rot and die.
- Biorell cancer. This sore leads to blackening and drying out of the bark on the shoots and the central conductor. Affected wood dies over time, bare stems become a bait for various parasites and infections, so this plant has no chance of survival.
- Alternariosis. The needles acquire a dark brown or black shade, the branches are covered with a velvety coating.
Heavily infected specimens must be removed from the site, and their growth site must be disinfected with a solution of copper sulfate or Bordeaux fluid. With a minor infection, all damaged organs are removed, the aerial part and the near-trunk zone are irrigated with fungicides - Ordan, Skor, Horus or Ridomil Gold.
The same means are used for prevention in early spring and late fall.
- Aphid. This insect sucks the juices from the needles, young buds of juniper, leads to their drying.
- Shield. Parasites eat into young shoots and needles, after which the affected parts are showered. With a massive invasion, they can completely destroy the plant in a short time.
- Spider spruce mite. A sucking insect can be identified by a small cobweb on needles. The microscopic parasite first braids with nets, then sucks juices from young organs, after which they turn yellow and crumble.
- Juniper sawfly. Eats needles, kidneys and bumps.
- Juniper moth caterpillar. It bites into shoots and gnaws them from the inside.
To protect against the above pests, it is necessary to use insecticides - Actellik, Aktaru or Angio. These drugs carry out two preventive treatments in the early spring and fall - a month before the first frost.
The evergreen horizontal juniper Andorra Compact is an excellent element in any garden composition:
- it is planted both in single and group plantings;
- combine with other coniferous, deciduous bushes, trees;
- With the help of this culture, many gardeners manage to create impressive combinations in rock gardens, flower beds, near a reservoir, in a flowerbed.
The plant purifies and saturates the air with useful components, it is used to strengthen the slopes, protect from lodging tall bushes.
Many gardeners prefer this juniper variety only:
According to their description, the plant does not need formative pruning, it survives well on any type of soil, and lives long enough.
A decorative horizontal shrub perfectly conceals all imperfections on the surface of the soil. Even with a change in color, this conifer retains decorativeness and pleases the eye throughout the year.