Jersey breed of cows
The Jersey breed of cows is known for its cost-effective livelihoods that bring good profit to farmers. From the representatives of this breed, breeders achieve consistently high productivity indicators.
Jersey breed of cows
About the breed from the island of Jersey
The Jersey cows, belonging to one of the oldest representatives of cattle, got their name from the Jersey island located in the English Channel, which is located in the middle between France and England. Animals appeared as a result of crossbreeding of local Norman and British cattle in order to improve their quality characteristics. Inbreeding was actively used in breeding because in the new breed specific features of the overdeveloped constitution and dry physique began to be fixed.
Many people are inclined to believe that cows from the island of Jersey are not suitable for the Russian climate, however, as the practice of domestic livestock breeding shows, animals of this type do not reduce productivity indicators when they are provided with a proper diet and appropriate living conditions are maintained. Today Ryazan, Moscow, Novgorod and Leningrad farmers have this direction of cattle.
Derived from the crossbreeding of several breeds, this cattle stood for further development, thanks to favorable environmental conditions. Only by the end of the XVIII century he was taken under control, and in 1866 appeared on the list of the studbook. Six years later, the agricultural world society learned about the described species of cows, and cattle began to appear in African, New Zealand and North American farms. Today, Jersey cattle are most often used to increase the performance of milk fat in cattle of other varieties.
Exterior features of the breed
The Jersey breed of cows belonging to the dairy direction is small in size, which is noticeable in the photo and video. The characteristic of the external exterior differences of animals from other cattle includes a description of its main features:
- a proportionally developed trunk of sufficient length with a characteristic angularity of the body, oblique ribs and a concave spine, a narrow chest (up to 0.35-0.38 m) (up to 0.6 m),
- average height - 1.2 m,
- live weight of bulls - 0.6-0.75 tons, heifers - 0.4-0.45 tons,
- small head with pronounced superciliary arches and a narrow frontal part,
- slightly concave profile due to a short folded front part,
- thin neck, covered with leathery folds,
- misplaced rear with raised tail section,
- cup-shaped large udder.
As a rule, the color of the Jersey breed of cows is in red shades, but can vary from light brown to dark. In some cases, the limbs or lower body are covered with white spots. Bulls differ from heifers in a darker neck, limbs and head. A dark stripe runs along the dorsal region.
The compactly folded cow of the Jersey breed is able to produce a large number of dairy products, characterized by a pleasant smell and delicate taste. The fat component of milk from the Jersey cow forms a thick layer on the surface of the cream.
Regularly monitoring the diet and properly caring for the Jersey breed of cows, you can expect from it up to 30-32 kg of milk with fat content of up to 6-8% daily.
The average annual milk yield from the breed of jersey cows varies up to 3.0-3.5 thousand tons. In some, numbers reaching 4000 liters were noted. In this case, the average fat content is within 5%.
The Jersey cow is bred not so much for meat production as exclusively for receiving milk from it, therefore these animals are not bred for the purpose of obtaining meat products. Cattle jersey provides a slaughter yield in small fractions, meat characteristics of cattle are low.
Benefits and conditions for breeding
The Jersey breed has good reproduction characteristics. Ripening cows are able to start reproduction of calves already when they reach two years of age, with uncomplicated calving that does not require intervention. Newborn calves weigh 20-22 kg, therefore, they need careful care.
Feeding a calving cow should include feed, followed by three weeks after calving, transferring it to its usual diet.
When the calves reach the week-long jersey, they begin to introduce hay mixed with crushed chalk into their food, and from the age of one month vegetables (beets, potatoes) are included with a gradual increase in the quantity and dilution of the milk supplied with water.
From the age of two months, many farmers begin to give young growth salt and red clay.
Reviews of private farms indicate that the Jersey breed of cows has a lot of advantages that make this species attractive for breeding:
- high milk production rates bring considerable profit,
- qualitative characteristics of milk include a high content of protein and calcium fats, which makes products competitive,
- a well-established and proven reproductive feature allows you to get healthy offspring without complications during calving and in the absence of consequences after them,
- light weight and tightly folded limbs exclude the appearance of lameness and other ailments associated with the movement of animals.
Among the shortcomings, reviews note some signs of appearance, such as improper posture of the hind limbs. In addition, farmers would like to see more weight and massiveness in the Jersey breed of cows in order to get more meat. Also, this cattle is characterized when kept as by nature restless with a tendency to fear. The price of the Jersey breed of cows starts at 300 rubles. for 1 kg of weight.