Incubation of indolets from beginning to end
Indochka - "Native American birds", which were brought from South America, first to Europe, and from there to Russia. Unlike duck and chicken, the indochka (it is also called "mute" and "musky duck") turned out to be a quiet and unpretentious bird. Its meat, compared to duck, is low-fat, almost delicious, and eggs are no less tasty.
Incubation of indolects at home
For the sake of breeding birds, a natural method and incubation of indigenous birds are used. The latter method is applied at home as often as the first. Incubation of the indochka sometimes remains the only means of hatching, because the females are not always ready to hatch them.
Selection for incubation
For any method of breeding indolets, it is important to conduct a strict selection of eggs before laying.
Where to put unsuitable specimens, it is up to the poultry breeder to decide, and those who have passed the selection must be provided with the proper level of storage before being placed in the incubator.
- Indoor eggs in size and weight are slightly larger than chicken eggs, on average weigh 70 g.
- They are oval, slightly pointed. Their color is white, but not snow-white, but with a shade reminiscent of baked milk.
- The shell must be smooth and clean. If it is contaminated by more than 50%, such products for incubation are not suitable. Some of the houses carefully peel the shell with sandpaper and then place them in an incubator. The rest of the poultry houses believe that this cannot be done, as the chicks are born as a result of the weak.
- It is recommended to select eggs that are similar in weight and shape.
- Products must be whole. Withdrawal of indigenous chickens from deformed eggs both in the incubator and in a natural way is impossible.
Indoor women are nervous mothers, so it will be right to wait until they go for a walk, and only then collect eggs. If you frighten off the birds, they can get scared and stop rushing.
“Caution is never superfluous”: it is recommended to illuminate them with an ovoscope before placing the eggs in the incubator. The verification in the future will have to be repeated several times, since the fetus can stop development at any time. Mold can also germinate under the shell.
After collecting the eggs for 1-2 weeks, you can put it in storage. It is believed that hatchery in an incubator is problematic, but if you store the eggs for a while before laying them in the device, the chances of getting a brood of ducklings increase.
Store selected specimens preferably in a dark room. So that nothing happens with the eggs, the air temperature should be between 8-12 ° C, and humidity - 80%. The eggs are placed in trays in a horizontal position, in the same form in which they will be placed in the incubation device. Drying of the yolk can be prevented by turning the eggs every day. Under such conditions, storage can continue for up to 10 days. A few more days will help to warm up to 37 ° C for at least 4 hours a day.
What you need for a successful incubation
All the secrets of successful incubation at home are in the right mode. On the video, you can consider the work process in detail, and for clarity, it is desirable that the mode table is always at hand.
What is required to incubate indigenous women at home as successfully as possible?
- Air temperature. It is necessary to monitor it every day and gradually lower it.
- Humidity. Many houses incubating at home often do not monitor the thermometer and simply pour the necessary amount of moisture into the container. It is important to fill in water from time to time to prevent drying out.
- Coup. Instructions for hatching always include 180 ° egg flipping. This is a necessary procedure, and it needs to be done 2 times a day. In some devices, flipping occurs automatically, sometimes more often than twice a day.
- Cooling. On some devices, this feature is built-in. Cooling contributes to the process of gas exchange, otherwise the chick inside the egg suffocates.
The incubation process from A to Z
Hatching occurs 34-35 days after the laying of eggs has been completed. How many chicks will be born depends on how strictly the incubation regimen was followed. Before the incubation begins, the device must be warmed up, this takes time: about 4 hours. Laying in a cold appliance is not a good solution, considering that you should be very careful with eggs.
Usually begin the incubation period at lunch. The eggs are placed in the device in a horizontal position, after which they set the mode, which helps the table. Details can also be seen in the video.
For a period of 1 to 15 days, you need to set the maximum temperature level. The temperature should reach 37.8 - 38 ° C. Twice a day, a coup is needed to help the chicks stay in the center of the eggs. From 16 days begins the period of a gradual decrease in air temperature, and in the period from 16 to 30 days you need to start cooling eggs by spraying. The bite starts from 31 days.
The egg incubation table is shown below:
|Term||Temperature||Air humidity||The number of coups|
|1 Week||37.8 - 38 ° C||up to 60%||2 times|
|8-29 days||37.5 ° C||up to 45%||2 times|
|30-34 day||37 ° C||up to 75%||-|
The bite period covers 31-34 days. Hatchery breeding will be more successful if the eggs are periodically scanned. Deformed and those in which the embryo is frozen can burst right in the device, so they need to be removed immediately so that nothing happens with other eggs.
When the chicks hatch, in no case should you intervene and “help” them. Only after the conclusion took place, the kids can be transferred to another place.
Chicks in the early days of life
Some of the hatched chicks will be strong and quickly get on their feet, and some will be weak and painful. The first days of life of strong and weak ducklings will vary. All babies immediately after birth are identified in a warm box, where they could warm up a bit and recover. During this period, selection also takes place: healthy and strong chicks may come in handy for breeding in the future.
Indoor women in the incubator in their behavior and physical condition are no different from ducklings, which are naturally bred. If mother hens live in the yard, the chicks hatched “in the device” can be given to their care.
When it is cold outside, it is better to place the kids whom they managed to take out in a special box covered with straw and take them to the house. Recommended air temperature is 32-35 ° C.
In the early days, chicks are fed boiled eggs. Newborns still do not know how to eat on their own, but they have a grasping instinct, so they do this with eggs: they are crushed into crumbs and sprinkled with the resulting mixture of chicks. Already on their third birthday, babies can eat on their own.
The chicks grow quickly, but how many of them survive depends on the care taken.