Hydrangea transplant rules in the fall
Garden work to care for plants is carried out in the warm season. For tree-like shrubs, an important point is the change in the place of growth - this method allows you to maintain the bushes in good shape, provide them with a rich soil substrate. Hydrangea transplant in autumn requires preparation from spring.
Hydrangea transplant in autumn
Benefits of Autumn Transplant
Hydrangea is a beautiful bush with multi-colored large inflorescences that delight the gardener every year. To this plant lived longer and abundantly covered with flowers, it is advised to change its place of growth every 10 years. The first transplant is performed within 5-6 years after planting in the ground. The best time to transplant hydrangea is considered autumn.
In the summer, during the period of the greatest flowering activity, a change of place can adversely affect the health of the plant.
Carry out the transfer of adult hydrangea in the fall or spring, when the processes inside the branches are somewhat slowed down.
Advantages of autumn transplant compared to spring:
- It is better to transplant on time (from late August to early October). In September - ideal conditions for the transfer of bushes in the garden. The root system of the plant will have time to adapt, prepare for winter. And in the spring it will be ready for the first flowering.
- In early autumn, the soil is still quite warm. With the onset of rains, hydrangea should be watered regularly. A gradual drop in temperature does not provoke the emergence of new young shoots that will destroy the frost.
- Autumn transplant goes well with its planned pruning. When performing such work, it is also possible to reproduce the plant by cuttings or division. In the spring, the transfer is limited by various unpleasant consequences if the gardener tries to carry out additional manipulations.
Choosing a place for hydrangea
The best choice for a transplanted bush is similar to the previous one, if the flowering was regular and plentiful. Treelike hydrangea prefers loams with a neutral or acidic pH, alkaline soil has a bad effect on its metabolism. High humidity will be a plus when moving the bush to another place. Wetlands are not suitable for planting - water saturation leads to diseases, decay and death of the root system. Drafts are able to weaken hydrangea, therefore it is better to transplant it in a place protected from the wind.
To transplant hydrangea in the fall to a suitable place, you need to know the variety of shrubs. Paniculate and serrate prefers a long stay in the sun, but during the peak of light activity it is better to provide them with partial shade. And Altona large-leaved feels fine under the sun only in the morning and evening hours, but does not tolerate a thick shadow under the trees. You should also rely on the region where the bush grows - in the north, being in the open sun is not able to do much harm to leaves and flowers.
Stages of a bush transplant in autumn
Preparing a pit for hydrangea is done 2-3 months before moving to a new place.
The width and depth of the recess should be at least 0.5 m. To saturate the soil with useful substances, humus, peat soil and sand are poured in equal amounts, they are leveled with a garden rake. If you plan to transplant several hydrangeas, then around each hole leave free space in a radius of 1-1.5 m.
It is necessary to prepare the plant. In the spring around the bush around the perimeter of the end of the root system they dig a ditch with parameters 30x30cm. Its cavity is filled with compost so that young lateral roots begin to grow in this direction. This will increase the chances of hydrangea in the fall for survival and early adaptation to spring.
Autumn transplantation of garden hydrangea includes the following steps:
- Drainage is poured at the bottom of the pit - broken brick, pebbles, river sand. Watered with plenty of water a day before transfer. A substrate is prepared, which consists of peat, sand, leafy soil and humus in a ratio of 1: 1: 2: 2. Fertilizer is added to it in an amount of 0.2 g of urea and potassium sulfate and 0.6 g of superphosphate.
- The day before digging a bush, it is abundantly watered around the entire perimeter of the root system. Dig up the earth around the recess with compost, where the young roots are concentrated, so as not to damage the entire underground part of the plant. They dig out and transfer hydrangea with a lump of earth to another place.
- A tree-shaped bush should be placed exactly along the root neck, covered with a prepared substrate. Pour a little water under the root. Top with mulch from pine needles, chopped pine bark.
Hydrangea care after transplantation
After the adult plant has been transferred, it must be watered twice a week before the start of the rainy season.
So that the soil absorbs moisture better and to prevent its waterlogging, loosening is carried out with special tools. Work requires care not to damage the roots weakened by new conditions.
Fertilize the bush before the start of frost is not worth it. Full feeding was carried out already at the stage of preparation of the substrate during transplantation. The next fertilizer application is scheduled for spring, when the earth warms up by the sun and thaws.
In autumn, hydrangea is prepared for winter. Sprinkle with peat around the perimeter of 30-50 cm to ensure the roots from freezing. Branches are covered with a film or other material. Panicled hydrangea or another heat-loving variety is additionally insulated and covered from the wind.
It is necessary to transplant hydrangea in the fall at home in stages, with preliminary preparation of the future location of the bush and the plant itself. The rules for the safe transfer of varieties with the preservation of the root system and the possibility of division are observed. Caring for the plant in the fall after transplantation will ensure lush flowering next year and the growth of young shoots.