How to water bushes of cucumbers

It is not difficult to grow cucumbers in the garden or in the greenhouse, if you organize the right care. Timely moistening of the soil will help strengthen plants and avoid bush diseases. How to water cucumbers: regularly, in a timely manner and with an established norm. Such humidification is effective and economical in a continental climate: due to the surface root system of the bush, water is poorly retained, and the earth quickly dries up. For greenhouses, the regularity of irrigation is also important.

Rules for watering cucumbers

Why water cucumbers

Cucumbers grow quickly and require attention. Bushes with proper irrigation rarely get sick and give a stable crop even in drought. During the formation of vines before the appearance of the ovaries, a special regime of soil moisture is not necessary.

Seedlings are watered abundantly, fertilizers are applied at the same time - an integrated approach allows the seedling to set off in rapid growth. The Irrigation mode is established after the first ovaries appear: soil moisture is painted once every few days without fertilizing.

Basic Rules

How often to water cucumbers is determined by several factors at once: the type of culture and its location. Most garden varieties have wide leaves that evaporate moisture, and the root system of cucumbers does not retain water. For these reasons, the bushes are moistened at least 3 times a week: the bushes are sprayed and the root is watered.

Seedlings do not need abundant watering: the first stage of soil moisture occurs on 3-4 days. Before the first flowers appear, watering occurs as the soil dries. It is better to irrigate the ground around the bushes in the morning or late evening.

Outdoor watering

Water the cucumbers strictly under the root or from above, so as not to harm the root system. In open ground, the leaves of the bush are weak, so they are additionally irrigated with water.

How to water cucumbers in the open ground:

  • ordinary tap water is used for irrigation;
  • the degree of moistening of the bushes is determined by the state of the soil - if the water is not absorbed, the soil is saturated to the extent and the next fertilizer is prescribed after 2-3 days;
  • cold water can irrigate mature bushes in the morning, and in the evening only with room temperature water;
  • morning watering is carried out before the sun, and evening after the sun sets, strong solar activity should be avoided.

In the care of the bushes, 2 indicators are taken into account - humidity and ambient temperature. Watering cucumbers on open ground is carried out during the day only in cold weather.

If the weather is sunny without rain, the soil is moistened according to a simple scheme: the norm per 1 m2 is 15 liters of water. Seedlings are irrigated from a watering can twice a day. An adult bush that has started to bloom needs 15-25 liters of clean water per 1 m2. After the appearance of fruits, the irrigation rate increases by 5-10 liters. If you follow this pattern, growing crops will go without difficulty.

Watering Methods

It can be watered only with warm water

For replenishment with moisture it is used: a hose, a watering can, bottle watering and a sprinkling method. For each method chosen, the water is heated to the optimum temperature: for open ground, a suitable temperature is 18-20 ° C.

For large beds, an installed system is used that irrigates at the set interval - the person determines how many times to water the cucumbers.

Watering a watering can

Cucumbers are grown on beds of different sizes, depending on the area of ​​planting, plants for irrigation of bushes are selected. For small beds it is enough to use a watering can. This is the easiest way to water cucumbers.

A watering can is also used if the land is small. Used in such cases, only warm water heated in the sun.

Watering with a hose

Watering with a hose is carried out from the source (from a well, water supply or tank). During the passage of water through the hose, it heats up a little and with the help of a special nozzle it is evenly sprayed onto the plants.

It is not necessary to use a hose for stunted bushes, but for high stems such watering is the most optimal: it moisturizes leaves and lashes. Watering with a hose can be done no more than 3 times a week: to save money, you can alternate irrigation with a watering can and a hose.

Bottle way

Drop watering will preserve the leaves and roots of the plant, and quickly nourish the bush with moisture. The advantages of the bottle method include low cost, additional fertilizer and simplicity. How to water cucumbers in open ground with a bottle:

  • you will need several plastic bottles with a thin neck;
  • in the upper part of the bottle (it will be immersed in the soil) make 15-17 small holes through which water will ooze;
  • the bottom of the bottle is cut off.

Preparing bottles for planting seedlings. Homemade devices are buried near the roots of the seedlings every 2-3 meters. Around the bottles is pulled a capron, which will not allow the holes to become clogged with soil.

How to bottle cucumbers in open ground with the help of bottles: a bottle is buried 2 cm above the holes made and is periodically filled with cold water and nutrients. As the soil dries, moisture will enter the root system from a filled bottle.

Sprinkling bushes

Sprinkling can be used in the heat

Sprinkling is a modern way of watering garden or greenhouse crops. Most of all, this method is used in hot weather, when ordinary irrigation works are ineffective.

Sprinkling is based on the organization of irrigation of crops by spraying water in the form of rain. Moisture is sprayed over the bushes, creating the same effect as rain - watering is carried out evenly over the entire green surface of the plant. It consists of sprinklers from pumping and power equipment, the main and distribution piping.

Watering in the greenhouse

the frequency of irrigation depends on the frequency of ventilation of the greenhouse: stagnation of air and drafts must not be allowed. Do not moisten greenhouse plants with cold water. On hot days, watering is carried out every day in the evening. The irrigation system for the greenhouse is calculated from the norm of 10 liters per 1 m2. After prolonged frosts, the rate of soil moisture decreases to 3 liters per 1 m2. In addition, you need to correctly measure the air humidity in the greenhouse: plant nutrition is carried out immediately in 2 ways - from the soil and air.

When and how to properly water cucumbers: after the appearance of the ovaries, it is better to reduce the irrigation work, and the earth should be dried. Water the soil with mineral fertilizers should not be more than 1 time per week. After the appearance of Zelentsy, the irrigation system resumes until the time of harvest.

Watering Methods

In greenhouse conditions, special systems are installed that work autonomously - constant watering is provided. For irrigation of plants in a greenhouse use:

  • automated watering;
  • drip method.

How to water cucumbers in a greenhouse: only with warm water (heated). After watering, the greenhouse must be aired. Stagnation of air and excessive watering do not allow to grow healthy bushes of cucumbers.

Automated method

Planting seedlings in greenhouses is carried out in late autumn, the regime of irrigation works is organized in parallel: during this period, for cucumbers in the greenhouse, a separate autonomous system is needed that provides plants with the correct level of humidity. Autowatering is installed throughout the winter: before installing autowatering, the soil around the seedlings loosens and fertilizes well.

Autowatering provides the necessary moisture level in the greenhouse. It directly depends on the structure of the structure: the right microclimate is created in polycarbonate greenhouses. Replenishment with warm water leads to the evaporation of excess moisture, which settles on the leaves of the bushes - this process significantly reduces the amount of irrigation work.

Drip method

The drip wetting technology is convenient and economical. Such a system consists of a pump and perforated pipes. A drip device is installed before or after transplanting seedlings. It is better to install the system in advance, and for holes in the pipes, calculate the holes for seedlings. Water from the system often enters the soil, but not in large quantities - there is enough moisture for the rhizome.

Growing cucumbers in a greenhouse is automated because of the large number of plantings: if the planting is too dense it is often difficult to regularly control irrigation. The pump in the system maintains a constant pressure in the pipes, and the timer allows spraying of seedlings and bushes with equal intervals. Cucumbers are fed around the clock. It is better to buy a ready-made stand-alone system for greenhouses: a home-made installation of several pipes is cheaper, but not so reliable.

Conclusion

Moistening the soil is an important part of caring for garden and greenhouse crops. In open ground, cucumbers eat better due to rains and high humidity.

In order to properly water greenhouse cucumbers, it is necessary to create a special microclimate. Automatic devices will help to irrigate the bushes around the clock.

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