How to vaccinate decorative rabbits
Inoculations to decorative rabbits are done to prevent rabies. Unfortunately, today we have to deal with this disease more and more often. In addition to rabies, rabbits are prone to many diseases, against which vaccines must be made so that animals can fully develop and coexist next to humans. Even when the pet is constantly kept at home, it still has a chance of contracting an infectious disease brought from the street on the feet of the owners.
Vaccinations for decorative rabbits
Why vaccinate an animal
Vaccination of decorative rabbits - protection against all kinds of incurable diseases. One of the features of animals is a high susceptibility to various ailments of an infectious nature, and in most cases, infection entails death. For example, a few myxomatosis are tolerated, most individuals die, mortality is almost 100%, and therefore it is necessary to track in advance that the animal was vaccinated. In addition, there is always a risk of transmission of the disease to other pets or humans.
Sometimes vaccinations may not provide protection:
- with helminthiases;
- when infected with an ailment, from which a vaccine is made;
- when the vaccine was not properly stored;
- if the revaccination schedule is violated.
Vaccinations are not given to newly ill individuals, because their immunity is weakened, and the vaccine can provoke a new infection or a relapse of the disease. Donkey rabbits are also not vaccinated, so as not to infect offspring. In such cases, vaccination is transferred to a more appropriate period when the animals are completely healthy.
Rabbit immune system, vaccination preparation
The initial protection is given to the rabbit with mother's milk, but at 2 months with the transfer to an adult feed, the body's protective system begins to weaken. To ensure full development, it is necessary to carry out various measures to strengthen the immune system. This includes ensuring optimal living conditions, a balanced diet, and timely vaccination.
The first vaccinations are already in the 6th week, but only if there is no epidemic. If the risk of infection is very high, then the first vaccine is given as early as 28 days after birth. But before vaccinating rabbits, their body must be prepared:
- conduct preventive measures for helminthic invasion;
- stop bathing the rabbit a week before vaccination;
- monitor the body temperature a few days before vaccination;
- carefully monitor the state of health: the quantity and quality of the stool, nasal secretions, the color of urine and its quantity.
The first vaccination is carried out on the 45th day from the moment of birth. It is very important that the animal at this age weigh half a kilogram. The second vaccine is administered after 3 months. Routine revaccinations are prescribed every six months.
The first stage of preparation: deworming
It is very important to conduct anthelmintic therapy before vaccination. Eggs of parasites can enter the body of rabbits with food or from other animals. Parasites, while in the body, poison it with the products of their vital activity, causing intoxication and a decrease in protective functions. Today in veterinary pharmacies there is a wide range of various safe preparations that can quickly rid an animal of parasites. Most commonly used:
Anthelmintic drugs should be given 2 weeks before vaccination. For 14 days, the animal will have time to fully restore its strength. If the planned prevention of worms was carried out 3 months before vaccination, then vaccination can be done without additional prevention of parasites.
Succulence and vaccination
Rabbits are vaccinated at any time, but not at the time of gestation. During pregnancy, the female body undergoes hormonal changes, and the immune system is weakened, so the risk of contracting an infectious virus from which the vaccine is given is very high. The vaccine is harmful for both the rabbit and its offspring. Vaccination is carried out in advance. After a week, you can mate.
After vaccination, the protection will last for six months, this period is enough for carrying and feeding offspring. Then you can do revaccination. In case of emergency, if an epidemic has begun, pregnant rabbits are vaccinated. Do not vaccinate females during lactation.
To a decorative rabbit, vaccination is vital. Unlike meat counterparts, such individuals are much more susceptible to various diseases. The first vaccination for HBV in the life of a rabbit, as mentioned above, is carried out at 6 weeks after reaching a body weight of 500 g. After 3 months, the result is fixed, making it repeated. To maintain immunity, injections are given every six months.
The next vaccine for myxomatosis is given when a minimum of 4 weeks of age is reached, then a month later and 4-5 months after secondary vaccination. If the process was successful, revaccination is also carried out once every six months: in the first days of March, and after - in the first days of September. For this vaccine, the binding does not go to age, but to the time of year, because insects transfer the disease. Also vaccinated against:
If outbreaks of any disease are detected in this area, all individuals will be vaccinated. Vaccination against pastrellosis and paratyphoid should ideally be carried out when purchasing males immediately on the first day. Nevertheless, it is impossible to administer 2 reagents immediately, there should be a break of 2 weeks between vaccinations. For such cases, it is necessary to use complex preparations.
You can vaccinate a decorative rabbit on your own at home by purchasing the necessary vaccine. When buying a vaccine yourself, you should be very careful about the conditions of transportation and storage. The drug must be diluted with distilled water. After dilution, the vaccine can be stored for no more than 3 hours. The drug is administered intramuscularly, fixing the animal well.
At this stage, all vaccines are completely safe for animals and do not cause side effects. How long a pet will live depends directly on a responsible approach to vaccination. Before you vaccinate yourself, you need to consult a veterinarian, choosing the right vaccine.
A vaccination preparation may consist of live or inactivated virus cells. If live viruses are introduced, the body's defense will be stronger, but it is difficult for rabbits to cope with such a load. Inactivated viruses give a lasting effect. It is recommended to use complex vaccines containing 2-3 viruses in their composition: this will save time on revaccination and will be much cheaper.
Using monovalent formulations with one virus, an interval of 2 weeks must be maintained between vaccinations. It is strictly forbidden to administer 2 such vaccines at once. Drugs do not always have good compatibility and can cause unwanted side effects.
Today, many people keep rabbits at home, not only for dietary meat and valuable fur, but also as pets. Decorative rabbits, unlike meat counterparts, have reduced immunity. They are often exposed to various infectious diseases. Initially, antibodies are laid with rabbits along with breast milk. At 2 months, when the young are planted and transferred completely to adult nutrition, the body's resistance to various bacteria decreases sharply.
In order for the rabbit to fully develop, it is necessary to provide him with conditions as close to natural as possible, which is not so easy to do in the apartment. Animals must not only be properly fed, but also vaccinated. Many diseases for ornamental individuals end in death, so vaccination is a vital necessity for pets.
Before vaccinating an animal, it is necessary to carry out the prevention of helminthiasis. When helminths are present in the rabbit's body, they poison it with their waste products, which has a detrimental effect on immunity. Deworming is carried out a couple of weeks before vaccination, so that the body has time to recover after taking the drugs.
Animals need to be vaccinated throughout their lives, starting from 4-6 weeks. Revaccinations are carried out once every six months. Pets can be vaccinated in veterinary clinics or on their own at home, having previously received the advice of a veterinarian.