How to treat a wet muzzle in rabbits
What is popularly called "biting midge", or "wet muzzle", veterinarians call infectious stomatitis. Especially susceptible to this disease are small rabbits during breast-feeding or excommunication. In a rabbit, a disease of the wet muzzle is transmitted through blood, saliva or urine.
Wet muzzle of a rabbit
An animal can be a carrier of infection throughout life. But the activation of the virus is due to stress caused by a change in food, the movement of young animals in separate cells, and a change in temperature in rabbitry.
Symptoms of a wet muzzle in rabbits
The rabbit’s wet muzzle is caused by a filtering virus that enters the body of a healthy animal in contact with sick relatives.
The spread of the disease in the herd occurs due to errors in the content of the diseased individuals. Even if the pet has recovered, it remains the carrier of the virus for the rest of its life. Such individuals are derived from tribal divorce and kept separately from the rest of the herd.
Once in the animal’s body, the virus actively multiplies in the cells of the mucous membrane. The symptomatology of the disease progresses rapidly:
- profuse salivation begins;
- the rabbit’s nose becomes wet, mucus is released from it;
- the hair on the skin around the nose and mouth is thinning;
- the pet looks disheveled and untidy;
- the mucous membranes of the mouth acquire a bright pink or red tint;
- weight loss due to decreased appetite;
- 2-3 days after infection, the tongue is covered with white coating, and after that it turns brown;
- in the absence of treatment, plaque is replaced by groups of ulcers;
- then one big ulcer is formed at the root of the tongue;
- the skin is inflamed;
- wool falls out in places;
- diarrhea begins.
There are many videos on the Internet where you can see biting symptoms. You need to know what a sick pet looks like.
Sometimes profuse salivation occurs with mechanical damage to the mucous membrane, burns or poisoning. To start providing timely assistance, the animal needs to know exactly why the rabbit has a wet face.
Causes of occurrence
A wet muzzle in rabbits can occur for many reasons, but the main thing is poor conditions:
- too much content of animals in a small area;
- dirty cells in which the stool is not cleaned up on time;
- contaminated drinkers and feeders;
- the presence of drafts in rabbitry;
- sudden changes in temperature in the cell;
- decreased immunity;
- poor nutrition.
Ill animals become immune to the disease, but remain carriers of the virus for their entire lives. That is why rabbits have a wet muzzle if they keep healthy individuals along with those who have been ill.
Infection occurs in another way. Often, rabbits who have been ill with biting midges do not have any external signs of the disease, but are carriers of the pathogen. If such females are allowed to be divorced, then the resulting offspring can become infected with the disease from the mother.
Causes of the wet face
For this reason, it is better to buy an adult female from trusted breeders or at livestock shows. The animal must have documents confirming its health and the presence of all vaccinations. When buying males and females from their hands in natural markets or from unverified livestock breeders, the risk of disease over the entire population increases.
Forms of Infectious Stomatitis
The disease of rabbits, in which their muzzle becomes wet, is called infectious stomatitis or biting midges. It has three forms that differ from each other in the severity of symptoms and the presence of complications:
- Easy. The appetite of the animal does not suffer much, which is why there is no sharp loss of weight and weakness. The stool is normal, there is no diarrhea. The behavior of young animals does not change much. Saliva is only separated in the corners of the mouth. Often this form of stomatitis is confused with mechanical damage to the oral mucosa. Wet muzzle in rabbits, if there is treatment, passes on 11-14 days. Most pets survive.
- Heavy. All symptoms are extremely severe. The animal completely refuses food and water. The muzzle becomes inflamed and covered with purulent abscesses. The oral cavity is completely covered with ulcers, salivation is plentiful. Due to severe diarrhea, the animal’s body is dehydrated. Most often, this form entails the death of the animal on 4-5 days from the onset of the disease.
- Atypical. Symptoms are mild or completely absent. Changes in the behavior of the animal are not observed. Full recovery occurs 4-6 days after the onset of stomatitis.
Even after recovery, the pet may look sick for several more weeks, until the coat comes back to normal and the weight is restored. Do not rush to transplant a sick pet to relatives.
Rabbit disease form
If the disease is not completely cured, a relapse is possible, that is, a return of the disease and its exacerbation. Only if there is confidence that the pet is completely healthy, you can let him go into the general pack.
Treatment of biting midges in rabbits
In order for the animal to survive and get better, treatment of the disease must begin in the first days after infection, as soon as the first symptoms appear. How to treat a rabbit, the breeder himself chooses, the benefit in the modern market of veterinary drugs is enough money for this:
- You can treat the animal with the usual pharmacy Streptocide. The tablets are ground to a powder and given to the animal orally every 8 hours. The treatment lasts up to 3-4 days.
- Use the antibiotic Biomycin. It is usually used to treat cattle, but if there are no options, then this is better than not treating the rabbit at all. It is important to select the amount of medicine necessary for the animal based on its weight. The drug is given once a day for 2 days.
- Penicillin injections also performed well in treating young rabbits.
- An effective and inexpensive way to cure a wet chin in a rabbit is sulfadimezin.
In addition to treating the disease with medications, it is necessary to carry out symptomatic treatment of the disease. This increases the chance for the rabbit to recover:
- With a 15% solution of potassium permanganate it is necessary to make lotions on the affected areas of the skin of the muzzle.
- 2% of copper sulfate treat the oral cavity of a sick animal. You need to be very careful to prevent the rabbit from swallowing the solution due to its toxicity.
- Topical application of streptocid emulsion and penicillin ointment helps the rapid healing of ulcers.
- At home, you can make an ointment with your own hands to treat rabbits. To do this, take petroleum jelly, lanolin, sulfamide and 200 thousand dry penicillin. Ointment lubricate the affected skin.
How to treat rabbits
Also, rabbits are prescribed a course of Apidemin to increase immunity and improve tissue regeneration. If the animal is not treated, the disease will worsen and the puss will die a painful death.
All dosages should be discussed with your veterinarian.
Prevention of viral stomatitis in rabbits
Like any other disease, mokret is better to prevent than to treat it. If an individual with symptoms of viral stomatitis appears in the herd, it is necessary to resort to measures to prevent an epidemic:
- Since the disease does not occur during breastfeeding, it is necessary to examine the young animals every day after their absence from the mother, up to 4 months of age.
- When revealing the first signs of biting midfins, all individuals should be isolated. It is necessary to think in advance where to put rabbits for the period of quarantine.
- After the death or slaughter of infected animals, feeders and drinking bowls must be treated with disinfectants or boiled if their size allows.
- It is necessary to promptly remove the feces of rabbits, and also to prevent its eating by animals. Due to the deficiency of B vitamins, many animals eat their stool to make up for the shortage.
- Recovering rabbits are removed from breeding divorce. If the eared one was bought from your hands or in doubtful nurseries, an analysis must be performed before the mating for the presence of antibodies in the blood.
Rabbit feeding during treatment
Due to damage to the oral cavity during the disease, the animal cannot eat and drink normally, which complicates the recovery of the body. The pet should be given soft food:
- boiled root vegetables;
- warm milk with bran soaked in it;
- liquid cereals.
High-grade and high-calorie nutrition during the period of treatment and recovery is the key to a positive outcome of the disease. The transition to a normal diet should be carried out gradually so as not to cause stress in rabbits.