How to transplant ficus

Ficus cultivation at home is common among many home flower lovers. The popularity of the plant lies in its pickiness, as well as its attractive appearance. However, in order to grow the flower correctly, you need to know how to transplant ficus. It is important to pay attention not only to the procedure itself, but also to the moment when you can perform it. So, is it possible to transplant home ficus in the winter and how can it be done correctly in general?

How to transplant ficus at home

How to choose a time for a transplant

Many people think that transplanting ficus in a warm spring is the best time, but is it? To understand that the time has come for a ficus transplant, you need to pay attention to the pot from which the roots of the plant begin to be seen, as well as to the features of the soil: it begins to dry out for the shortest time after watering. Another feature is the presence of root plexuses in the soil.

Performing a ficus transplant at home is necessary and taking into account the age of the flower. In the case when it is a young (up to 4 years old) plant, transplantation is performed annually. Older flowers need a rarer procedure: once every couple of years is enough. It is better if the transplant is carried out in late winter or early March. Speaking of transplanting in the fall, it should be noted that this is not a suitable period at all. Some gardeners prefer to transplant a flower in the summer at a moderate temperature.

How to transplant a plant correctly

Having decided on when you can transplant ficus, you can begin preparations for the process. The existing process is placed in a container of water, where it must take root. The transplantation of the process into the ground occurs exclusively along with the roots. On the advice of experienced plant growers, it is best to start planting immediately after the tip of the stem has dried. You should be careful, since the use of this approach needs certain skills, therefore it is not suitable for beginners - it is more advisable to wait for the moment when the stem takes root. A purchased shoot will be able to take root better after using substrates specially designed for young plants.

In order to properly transplant ficus at home, you need to start with a process that is otherwise called transshipment, which involves not releasing the roots from the ground, but transferring them to another container with their preservation. The size of the tub for the flower should be a couple of centimeters wider than the previous one. To carry out the process, you will need a special primer, which is quite simple to produce yourself. Enough:

  • coniferous land;
  • peat;
  • sand.

All ingredients are mixed in a ratio of 1: 2: 2 and are used only as a primer for young crops. An adult flower transplant requires a composition that includes peat, humus, leaf and turf soil, coniferous mix - all ingredients are taken in equal amounts. It should be remembered that you can transplant ficus only at a temperature in the range of 18-23 ° C. At higher temperatures, there is a risk of the harmful effects of heat and the subsequent death of ficus. In order for the plant to be better extracted from the soil, you need to water it in advance in a day, then the process will go right and quickly.

Approaching a transplant at home step by step, you can avoid many mistakes. After the plant has been extracted, the earth crumbles and is placed in another pot. The bottom of the tub should be covered with drainage, which includes polystyrene, expanded clay and other ingredients. The earth should surround the flowers on all sides, avoiding empty spaces and bald spots. It is worth remembering how important it is to prevent damage to the root neck at the time when the ficus transplant will be performed. As soon as the ficus was transplanted, it is immediately watered. If the work is complicated by the adult age of the plant, it is necessary to change the soil from above.

What points to consider

The first transplant at home is always scary and misleading. To be sure of your actions, you must remember that the plant needs additional time for adaptation, especially for crops that have a large number of roots, so the development of ficus can be slowed down.

If you transplant the culture in the autumn period, this can lead to unexpected negative consequences, due to the fact that at that time the leaf begins to fall and the plant needs warmth and light. If the flower is quite large, you can do without a pot, the size equal to the previous one. So that the adult ficus does not die and does not deteriorate, it is important and necessary to cut the shoots every few years. There are a number of recommendations regarding how to transplant ficus correctly.

  • Answering the question of which pot to transplant ficus into, it is better to choose options with a similar size so that the plant grows in cramped conditions.
  • When extracting color, you need to properly inspect the roots to find rotten ones. Spoiled roots are removed and then dried, and damaged areas are treated with fungicide.
  • Even an adult and healthy ficus during a transplant at home can be damaged if it is improperly manipulated. Often the roots rot, which is manifested by deoxidation after extraction from the pot. It is noteworthy that the color of the roots does not produce diseases.
  • If the flower has grown, then it is possible and necessary to transplant in the spring. The ficus is already already large in size, so you need to remove the top of the earth from time to time.

Sometimes transshipment is not used at all, and when the ficus needs to be transplanted, they shoot down part of the earth. The most common transshipment is for young crops placed in a transport substrate, because such soil is not suitable for the permanent location of the crop. The pot in which the ficus was transplanted should be at the same level as before, so as not to cause discomfort to the flower. There is no need to fear that the leaves will fall rapidly: this is due to stress after transshipment. Transplanting ficus by transshipment means getting many advantages:

  • the plant does not need a huge loss of strength for restoration and adaptation;
  • you can transplant both young and underdeveloped flowers;
  • ficus really transplant even at the time of flowering.

The main negative feature of transshipment is the frequency of the procedure. About how the pruning and transplanting of a plant is carried out at home, you can watch on one of the training videos.

Cuttings and the process of reproduction with their help

Semi-lignified cuttings are a wonderful way in order to propagate and root seedlings under the conditions of a house in the warm spring. When propagating by cuttings, it is necessary to achieve a length of 15 cm by cutting obliquely with a retreat of half a centimeter from the nodule. The leaf should be cut off completely. To perform fraud, you must use a garden knife, which will not be expensive. Each plant, injured under any conditions, emits juice, which protects the wound and worsens the rooting process, because as soon as the cut is completed, the cuttings must be immersed in liquid.

Soil and water are suitable for working with cuttings. In the second case, an opaque pot is selected so that green algae do not develop. Rooting takes about 30 days, after the end of the process, the cuttings must be transplanted into separate pots. If soil for transplanting ficus is used for rooting, then it is necessary to withstand the cuttings in water for a couple of hours in order to completely eliminate the juice. After they are dried and planted in a sand-peat mixture with vermiculite.

The earth must be decontaminated with water vapor. The soil when deepening the cuttings reaches the next node after the cut. You can also use a mini-greenhouse or a special terrarium with the desired temperature. About when it is possible to transplant ficus, the new leaves that have appeared will tell.

Features of flower care

After buying a ficus, it is not hard to notice that the plant is unpretentious, and therefore it is quite easy to care for it. It will be required to remember only 5 rules:

  • The pot is located in a place that is lit by the sun, however, excessive brightness cannot be allowed. When the flower is in the shade, you can notice how the number of leaves decreases. After the purchase, you need to put the ficus on the window facing east or west. It is important to remember that a flower cannot stand under drafts.
  • Care and watering should be carried out regularly. The largest amount of fluid requires ficus from the beginning of spring to the end of summer, and the smallest - in the autumn. All water should be infused for about 13 hours. To determine that the earth is dry and the plant needs water, just look at the yellowed leaves. If the soil is oversaturated with moisture, the leaves may begin to fall and turn yellow.
  • The temperature for flower development should reach 25 ° C in the summer and 15 ° C in the winter. Indoor heat is ideal for wintering plants.
  • It is important to feed ficus with liquid mineral top dressing in spring and summer every 14 days. Trim it to stop growth and the formation of branching 2-3 years after the previous manipulations, when the flower reaches the optimum height.
  • The soil may be a mixture of humus, drainage and sand, or the ratio of peat, sand, leaf and sod land.

A transplant, even if it is the first, as it turned out, is a fairly simple procedure, which is not difficult to handle. In order to properly transplant a plant such as ficus, you must listen to the basic instructions of professionals and provide the flower with proper care after purchase.

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