How to sterilize ferrets
Turning an animal into a house, many consider it a living toy. Natural laws of nature require the animals to continue the genus, and these needs do not always coincide with the usual human life. How to sterilize ferrets? We will understand the intricacies of a complex procedure.
Reasons for the operation
After acquiring a moving pet, people do not think about its biological features. Opponents of castration are those who have not encountered the problem of rutting in animals. During puberty, a number of unpleasant changes occur.
Girls and boys mature by 5-8 months. The characteristic manifestations of this are:
- depressed state;
- baldness of the tail, trunk;
- odorous marks in the home (urine, feces).
The animal is losing interest in games. In the body, the level of sex hormones rises, prolonged concentration of which negatively affects the health of the animal. Unlike dogs, a ferret’s race will not go away on its own. Prolonged hemorrhage during estrus in a female often leads to anemia and causes death.
Sometimes the owners try to deceive the nature, covering the "young lady" with a castrated male or not observing the mating dates. In this case, a false pregnancy can be expected. A dangerous condition is stressful for the body, so veterinarians do not recommend resorting to such a solution. Sterilizing ferrets will be the most humane option to resolve the problem.
The procedure takes place under general anesthesia for 30 minutes: in the girl, the abdominal cavity is cut with a scalpel in a certain place that bleeds little. The uterus is removed from the abdomen, the ovaries are removed, and then sutures are applied.
Ferret castration is less troublesome. Anesthesia is needed in order to immobilize a brisk animal, and the operation itself takes at least 15 minutes. The scrotum is carefully cut in the boy, the testes are removed and sutures are taken.
For animals of both sexes, experts recommend additionally removing the paraanal glands, which are a source of unpleasant odor. With the help of this secret, they mark the territory, so it is better to worry about your comfort in advance.
If a person does not want to permanently deprive a pet of reproductive abilities, practice dressing the genital cords. The body continues to produce hormones, but the animals can not conceive babies. A similar procedure is rarely applied to small pets.
Chemical sterilization of a ferret is designed for owners who are aggressive about surgical intervention. During the action of the drug, the manifestations of rutting disappear, and the animals continue their usual lives. After removing hormones from the body, all reproductive functions are restored.
For artificial termination of estrus, ovulation-inducing agents are used. The female calms down, a false pregnancy occurs. Often, "mommy" chooses a "baby" from people, surrounding with love and care. After 45 days, the idyll ends and a new injection is required.
During chemical sterilization, the Covinan preparation is often administered to females and males. He quickly stops negative changes in behavior. Due to the large list of contraindications, the substance is used only on absolutely healthy animals before the start of the breeding season.
All of the above funds have a limited duration. If a person wants to forget about driving for a year or a year and a half, then it is recommended to pay attention to special implants. A small “container” with the drug is injected under the skin: it does not interfere with the animal, and after a few days will stop all manifestations of sexual hunting.
When choosing this method, it must be borne in mind that any chemical substance negatively affects the health of the ferret. Frequent false pregnancies and abrupt interruption of estrus can cause neoplasms in the reproductive organs and mammary glands. Certain components cause allergies and other side effects.
Preparation for surgery
In order for the surgery to go without problems, it is recommended that you carefully consider the preparations. All actions are not a doctor’s whim, but a series of important measures aimed at preventing complications. We will analyze the main ones.
- Do not feed for 8 hours. A certain amount of anesthesia is necessary for the weight of the operated animal. With a full stomach, the drug does not work well and can provoke vomiting.
- To gobble up. 10 days before the procedure, special anthelmintic agents should be used. The presence of parasites in the digestive system is a huge stress for the body, therefore complications are possible.
- Wash, get rid of fleas. During a certain period, the patient can not be wetted, treated with chemicals. To avoid problems, it is better to carry out all hygiene procedures in advance.
The above points are the basic requirements that must be observed by the owner of the animal. Before surgery, it is necessary to bring the pet for examination. Ferrets are the only animals that can be castrated during estrus. The veterinarian will assess the physical condition and give more complete recommendations.
Day after surgery
People often worry about the consequences of the procedure, so they do not dare to take action. In almost all cases, animals normally tolerate surgery and anesthesia. The patient comes to his senses after 2 hours, therefore, it is recommended to be near until a glimpse of consciousness.
If you have a long trip in public transport, then it is better to stay in the clinic this time. The pet may get sick, so there is a danger of dizziness and vomiting. Transportation by taxi or private car will allow you to quickly get home.
After arriving from the clinic, the ferret must be locked in a cage. Shavings or sawdust are removed from the room, and filler is removed from the toilet. Any particle that gets into the wound will cause inflammation. The ferret will come to its senses quickly, but the effects of anesthesia will appear within 2 days.
After sterilization, the female ferret should pay attention to the seam. A postoperative scar is forbidden to lick, so a bandage should be worn. Veterinary pharmacies sell special devices that hold the abdominal cavity. If there is no way to buy, then you can use a clean knitted sock.
Without a doctor’s prescription, you don’t need to do anything during this period. It is only necessary to monitor the condition of the pet. After a couple of hours, the pussies should be drunk, and after 180 minutes you can try to feed your pet. Do not worry about vomiting: this way the body gets rid of anesthesia on its own.
After the ferret is neutered, you must strictly adhere to all the recommendations that the veterinarian gives. It is forbidden to change or prescribe any medicine on your own. Any actions can be carried out only with the permission of the attending specialist.
Most often, the sutures are treated with chlorhexidine, miramistin. Medications kill bacteria in the section, preventing inflammatory processes. Zelenka, iodine can cause burns, and folk remedies after surgery are very dangerous.
In the first week, you must carefully monitor the behavior of the pet. An increase or decrease in temperature, a change in the color of the mucous membranes are the first signals that something is wrong in the body. It is better to contact the surgeon by phone or immediately bring the beast to the clinic.
It is necessary to limit the excessive mobility of ferrets after surgery, to hold them for the first time in the cage.
What if a ferret licks stitches? If a nimble pet tries to reach the wound through a bandage, it is better to put on a special collar. It can be purchased at a veterinary pharmacy or made independently from a plastic half-liter bottle.
Before removing the seams, hygiene and walking on the street are prohibited. Until the hair grows out, drafts must be avoided, and any temperature fluctuations must not be allowed: overheating or cooling. After surgery, gastric patency may worsen, so a single dose of 2 g of liquid paraffin will help protect against constipation.
Life after surgery
Many do not dare to sterilize the ferret, fearing that the animal may become lazy and grow fat. Such prejudices about castration came from catchers and have nothing to do with ferrets. Pets remain as slender and mobile.
Removal of the gonads positively affects the nature of the pets. If before the operation the animals during the heat were aggressive or could go to the toilet in the wrong places, now this problem will pass. After some time, the concentration of hormones in the body will decrease and the animal will calm down.
It is better to operate ferret females before the first rut, and the boys are subjected to surgical intervention after maturation. Early removal of the glands leads to the fact that the pet grows smaller than the rest of the species. A person receives an adequate and kind being without periodic hormonal surges.
Castration of ferrets is an important procedure that will facilitate the coexistence of the pet and the owner. Do not torture yourself and the animal. The above recommendations will help you to choose the sterilization technique without any problems, and also to carry out the preparatory and rehabilitation measures correctly before and after the operation.